python libraires and command line tools for SIM/UICC/USIM/ISIM card analysis and programming. https://osmocom.org/projects/pysim
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pysim/docs/shell.rst

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pySim-shell
===========
pySim-shell is an interactive command line shell for all kind of interactions with SIM cards.
The interactive shell provides command for
* navigating the on-card filesystem hierarchy
* authenticating with PINs such as ADM1
* CHV/PIN management (VERIFY, ENABLE, DISABLE, UNBLOCK)
* decoding of SELECT response (file control parameters)
* reading and writing of files and records in raw, hex-encoded binary format
* for some files where related support has been developed:
* decoded reading (display file data in JSON format)
* decoded writing (encode from JSON to binary format, then write)
By means of using the python ``cmd2`` module, various useful features improve usability:
* history of commands (persistent across restarts)
* output re-direction to files on your computer
* output piping through external tools like 'grep'
* tab completion of commands and SELECT-able files/directories
* interactive help for all commands
Running pySim-shell
-------------------
pySim-shell has a variety of command line arguments to control
* which transport to use (how to use a reader to talk to the SIM card)
* whether to automatically verify an ADM pin (and in which format)
* whether to execute a start-up script
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: option_parser
cmd2 basics
-----------
FIXME
ISO7816 commands
----------------
This category of commands relates to commands that originate in the ISO 7861-4 specifications,
most of them have a 1:1 resemblance in the specification.
select
~~~~~~
The ``select`` command is used to select a file, either by its FID, AID or by its symbolic name.
Try ``select`` with tab-completion to get a list of all current selectable items:
::
pySIM-shell (MF)> select
.. 2fe2 a0000000871004 EF.ARR MF
2f00 3f00 ADF.ISIM EF.DIR
2f05 7f10 ADF.USIM EF.ICCID
2f06 7f20 DF.GSM EF.PL
2f08 a0000000871002 DF.TELECOM EF.UMPC
Use ``select`` with a specific FID or name to select the new file.
This will
* output the [JSON decoded, if possible] select response
* change the prompt to the newly selected file
* enable any commands specific to the newly-selected file
::
pySIM-shell (MF)> select ADF.USIM
{
"file_descriptor": {
"file_descriptor_byte": {
"shareable": true,
"file_type": "df",
"structure": "no_info_given"
}
},
"df_name": "A0000000871002FFFFFFFF8907090000",
"proprietary_info": {
"uicc_characteristics": "71",
"available_memory": 101640
},
"life_cycle_status_int": "operational_activated",
"security_attrib_compact": "00",
"pin_status_template_do": "90017083010183018183010A83010B"
}
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.USIM)>
status
~~~~~~
The ``status`` command [re-]obtains the File Control Template of the
currently-selected file and print its decoded output.
Example:
::
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.ISIM)> status
{
"file_descriptor": {
"file_descriptor_byte": {
"shareable": true,
"file_type": "df",
"structure": "no_info_given"
},
"record_len": null,
"num_of_rec": null
},
"file_identifier": "ff01",
"df_name": "a0000000871004ffffffff8907090000",
"proprietary_information": {
"uicc_characteristics": "71",
"available_memory": 101640
},
"life_cycle_status_integer": "operational_activated",
"security_attrib_compact": "00",
"pin_status_template_do": {
"ps_do": "70",
"key_reference": 11
}
}
change_chv
~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.change_chv_parser
disable_chv
~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.disable_chv_parser
enable_chv
~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.enable_chv_parser
unblock_chv
~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.unblock_chv_parser
verify_chv
~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.verify_chv_parser
deactivate_file
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Deactivate the currently selected file. This used to be called INVALIDATE in TS 11.11.
activate_file
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.activate_file_parser
open_channel
~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.open_chan_parser
close_channel
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.close_chan_parser
suspend_uicc
~~~~~~~~~~~~
This command allows you to perform the SUSPEND UICC command on the card. This is a relatively
recent power-saving addition to the UICC specifications, allowing for suspend/resume while maintaining
state, as opposed to a full power-off (deactivate) and power-on (activate) of the card.
The pySim command just sends that SUSPEND UICC command and doesn't perform the full related sequence
including the electrical power down.
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: Iso7816Commands.suspend_uicc_parser
pySim commands
--------------
Commands in this category are pySim specific; they do not have a 1:1 correspondence to ISO 7816
or 3GPP commands. Mostly they will operate either only on local (in-memory) state, or execute
a complex sequence of card-commands.
desc
~~~~
Display human readable file description for the currently selected file.
dir
~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: PySimCommands.dir_parser
Example:
::
pySIM-shell (MF)> dir
MF
3f00
.. ADF.USIM DF.SYSTEM EF.DIR EF.UMPC
ADF.ARA-M DF.EIRENE DF.TELECOM EF.ICCID MF
ADF.ISIM DF.GSM EF.ARR EF.PL
14 files
export
~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: PySimCommands.export_parser
Please note that `export` works relative to the current working
directory, so if you are in `MF`, then the export will contain all known
files on the card. However, if you are in `ADF.ISIM`, only files below
that ADF will be part of the export.
Furthermore, it is strongly advised to first enter the ADM1 pin
(`verify_adm`) to maximize the chance of having permission to read
all/most files.
tree
~~~~
Display a tree of the card filesystem. It is important to note that this displays a tree
of files that might potentially exist (based on the card profile). In order to determine if
a given file really exists on a given card, you have to try to select that file.
Example:
::
pySIM-shell (MF)> tree --help
EF.DIR 2f00 Application Directory
EF.ICCID 2fe2 ICC Identification
EF.PL 2f05 Preferred Languages
EF.ARR 2f06 Access Rule Reference
EF.UMPC 2f08 UICC Maximum Power Consumption
DF.TELECOM 7f10 None
EF.ADN 6f3a Abbreviated Dialing Numbers
...
verify_adm
~~~~~~~~~~
Verify the ADM (Administrator) PIN specified as argument. This is typically needed in order
to get write/update permissions to most of the files on SIM cards.
Currently only ADM1 is supported.
reset
~~~~~
Perform card reset and display the card ATR.
intro
~~~~~
[Re-]Display the introductory banner
equip
~~~~~
Equip pySim-shell with a card; particularly useful if the program was
started before a card was present, or after a card has been replaced by
the user while pySim-shell was kept running.
bulk_script
~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: PysimApp.bulk_script_parser
echo
~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: PysimApp.echo_parser
apdu
~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim-shell
:func: PySimCommands.apdu_cmd_parser
Linear Fixed EF commands
------------------------
These commands become enabled only when your currently selected file is of *Linear Fixed EF* type.
read_record
~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.read_rec_parser
read_record_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.read_rec_dec_parser
read_records
~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.read_recs_parser
read_records_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.read_recs_dec_parser
update_record
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.upd_rec_parser
update_record_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.upd_rec_dec_parser
edit_record_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.edit_rec_dec_parser
This command will read the selected record, decode it to its JSON representation, save
that JSON to a temporary file on your computer, and launch your configured text editor.
You may then perform whatever modifications to the JSON representation, save + leave your
text editor.
Afterwards, the modified JSON will be re-encoded to the binary format, and the result written
back to the record on the SIM card.
This allows for easy interactive modification of records.
decode_hex
~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: LinFixedEF.ShellCommands.dec_hex_parser
Transparent EF commands
-----------------------
These commands become enabled only when your currently selected file is of *Transparent EF* type.
read_binary
~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: TransparentEF.ShellCommands.read_bin_parser
read_binary_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: TransparentEF.ShellCommands.read_bin_dec_parser
update_binary
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: TransparentEF.ShellCommands.upd_bin_parser
update_binary_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: TransparentEF.ShellCommands.upd_bin_dec_parser
In normal operation, update_binary_decoded needs a JSON document representing the entire file contents as
input. This can be inconvenient if you want to keep 99% of the content but just toggle one specific
parameter. That's where the JSONpath support comes in handy: You can specify a JSONpath to an element
inside the document as well as a new value for tat field:
Th below example demonstrates this by modifying the ofm field within EF.AD:
::
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.USIM/EF.AD)> read_binary_decoded
{
"ms_operation_mode": "normal",
"specific_facilities": {
"ofm": true
},
"len_of_mnc_in_imsi": 2
}
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.USIM/EF.AD)> update_binary_decoded --json-path specific_facilities.ofm false
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.USIM/EF.AD)> read_binary_decoded
{
"ms_operation_mode": "normal",
"specific_facilities": {
"ofm": false
},
"len_of_mnc_in_imsi": 2
}
edit_binary_decoded
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
This command will read the selected binary EF, decode it to its JSON representation, save
that JSON to a temporary file on your computer, and launch your configured text editor.
You may then perform whatever modifications to the JSON representation, save + leave your
text editor.
Afterwards, the modified JSON will be re-encoded to the binary format, and the result written
to the SIM card.
This allows for easy interactive modification of file contents.
decode_hex
~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: TransparentEF.ShellCommands.dec_hex_parser
BER-TLV EF commands
-------------------
BER-TLV EFs are files that contain BER-TLV structured data. Every file can contain any number
of variable-length IEs (DOs). The tag within a BER-TLV EF must be unique within the file.
The commands below become enabled only when your currently selected file is of *BER-TLV EF* type.
retrieve_tags
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Retrieve a list of all tags present in the currently selected file.
retrieve_data
~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: BerTlvEF.ShellCommands.retrieve_data_parser
set_data
~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: BerTlvEF.ShellCommands.set_data_parser
del_data
~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.filesystem
:func: BerTlvEF.ShellCommands.del_data_parser
USIM commands
-------------
authenticate
~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.ts_31_102
:func: ADF_USIM.AddlShellCommands.authenticate_parser
terminal_profile
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.ts_31_102
:func: ADF_USIM.AddlShellCommands.term_prof_parser
envelope
~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.ts_31_102
:func: ADF_USIM.AddlShellCommands.envelope_parser
envelope_sms
~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.ts_31_102
:func: ADF_USIM.AddlShellCommands.envelope_sms_parser
ARA-M commands
--------------
The ARA-M commands exist to manage the access rules stored in an ARA-M applet on the card.
ARA-M in the context of SIM cards is primarily used to enable Android UICC Carrier Privileges,
please see https://source.android.com/devices/tech/config/uicc for more details on the background.
aram_get_all
~~~~~~~~~~~~
Obtain and decode all access rules from the ARA-M applet on the card.
NOTE: if the total size of the access rules exceeds 255 bytes, this command will fail, as
it doesn't yet implement fragmentation/reassembly on rule retrieval. YMMV
::
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.ARA-M)> aram_get_all
[
{
"ResponseAllRefArDO": [
{
"RefArDO": [
{
"RefDO": [
{
"AidRefDO": "ffffffffffff"
},
{
"DevAppIdRefDO": "e46872f28b350b7e1f140de535c2a8d5804f0be3"
}
]
},
{
"ArDO": [
{
"ApduArDO": {
"generic_access_rule": "always"
}
},
{
"PermArDO": {
"permissions": "0000000000000001"
}
}
]
}
]
}
]
}
]
aram_get_config
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
Perform Config handshake with ARA-M applet: Tell it our version and retrieve its version.
NOTE: Not supported in all ARA-M implementations.
aram_store_ref_ar_do
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
.. argparse::
:module: pySim.ara_m
:func: ADF_ARAM.AddlShellCommands.store_ref_ar_do_parse
For example, to store an Android UICC carrier privilege rule for the SHA1 hash of the certificate used to sign the CoIMS android app of Supreeth Herle (https://github.com/herlesupreeth/CoIMS_Wiki) you can use the following command:
::
pySIM-shell (MF/ADF.ARA-M)> aram_store_ref_ar_do --aid FFFFFFFFFFFF --device-app-id E46872F28B350B7E1F140DE535C2A8D5804F0BE3 --android-permissions 0000000000000001 --apdu-always
aram_delete_all
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
This command will request deletion of all access rules stored within the
ARA-M applet. Use it with caution, there is no undo. Any rules later
intended must be manually inserted again using `aram_store_ref_ar_do`
cmd2 settable parameters
------------------------
``cmd2`` has the concept of *settable parameters* which act a bit like environment variables in an OS-level
shell: They can be read and set, and they will influence the behavior somehow.
conserve_write
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
If enabled, pySim will (when asked to write to a card) always first read the respective file/record and
verify if the to-be-written value differs from the current on-card value. If not, the write will be skipped.
Writes will only be performed if the new value is different from the current on-card value.
If disabled, pySim will always write irrespective of the current/new value.
json_pretty_print
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
This parameter determines if generated JSON output should (by default) be pretty-printed (multi-line
output with indent level of 4 spaces) or not.
The default value of this parameter is 'true'.
debug
~~~~~
If enabled, full python back-traces will be displayed in case of exceptions
apdu_trace
~~~~~~~~~~
Boolean variable that determines if a hex-dump of the command + response APDU shall be printed.
numeric_path
~~~~~~~~~~~~
Boolean variable that determines if path (e.g. in prompt) is displayed with numeric FIDs or string names.
::
pySIM-shell (MF/EF.ICCID)> set numeric_path True
numeric_path - was: False
now: True
pySIM-shell (3f00/2fe2)> set numeric_path False
numeric_path - was: True
now: False
pySIM-shell (MF/EF.ICCID)> help set