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Guide: Enabling 5G SUCI
SUPI/SUCI Concealment is a feature of 5G-Standalone (SA) to encrypt the
IMSI/SUPI with a network operator public key. 3GPP Specifies two different
variants for this:
* SUCI calculation *in the UE*, using data from the SIM
* SUCI calculation *on the card itself*
pySIM supports writing the 5G-specific files for *SUCI calculation in the UE* on USIM cards, assuming that
your cards contain the required files, and you have the privileges/credentials to write to them. This is
the case using sysmocom sysmoISIM-SJA2 cards (or successor products).
In short, you can enable SUCI with these steps:
* activate USIM **Service 124**
* make sure USIM **Service 125** is disabled
* store the public keys in **SUCI_Calc_Info**
* set the **Routing Indicator** (required)
If you want to disable the feature, you can just disable USIM Service 124 (and 125).
Technical References
This guide covers the basic workflow of provisioning SIM cards with the 5G SUCI feature. For detailed information on the SUCI feature and file contents, the following documents are helpful:
* USIM files and structure: `TS 31.102 <>`__
* USIM tests (incl. file content examples) `TS 31.121 <>`__
For specific information on sysmocom SIM cards, refer to Section 9.1 of the `sysmoUSIM User
Manual <>`__.
Admin PIN
The usual way to authenticate yourself to the card as the cellular
operator is to validate the so-called ADM1 (admin) PIN. This may differ
from card model/vendor to card model/vendor.
Start pySIM-shell and enter the admin PIN for your card. If you bought
the SIM card from your network operator and dont have the admin PIN,
you cannot change SIM contents!
Launch pySIM:
$ ./ -p 0
Using PC/SC reader interface
Autodetected card type: sysmoISIM-SJA2
Welcome to pySim-shell!
pySIM-shell (00:MF)>
Enter the ADM PIN:
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> verify_adm XXXXXXXX
Otherwise, write commands will fail with ``SW Mismatch: Expected 9000 and got 6982.``
Key Provisioning
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> select MF
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> select ADF.USIM
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM)> select DF.5GS
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/DF.5GS)> select EF.SUCI_Calc_Info
By default, the file is present but empty:
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/DF.5GS/EF.SUCI_Calc_Info)> read_binary_decoded
missing Protection Scheme Identifier List data object tag
9000: ffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffffff -> {}
The following JSON config defines the testfile from `TS 31.121 <>`__ Section 4.9.4 with
test keys from `TS 33.501 <h>`__ Annex C.4. Highest priority (``0``) has a
Profile-B (``identifier: 2``) key in key slot ``1``, which means the key
with ``hnet_pubkey_identifier: 27``.
.. code:: json
"prot_scheme_id_list": [
{"priority": 0, "identifier": 2, "key_index": 1},
{"priority": 1, "identifier": 1, "key_index": 2},
{"priority": 2, "identifier": 0, "key_index": 0}],
"hnet_pubkey_list": [
{"hnet_pubkey_identifier": 27,
"hnet_pubkey": "0272DA71976234CE833A6907425867B82E074D44EF907DFB4B3E21C1C2256EBCD1"},
{"hnet_pubkey_identifier": 30,
"hnet_pubkey": "5A8D38864820197C3394B92613B20B91633CBD897119273BF8E4A6F4EEC0A650"}]
Write the config to file (must be single-line input as for now):
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/DF.5GS/EF.SUCI_Calc_Info)> update_binary_decoded '{ "prot_scheme_id_list": [ {"priority": 0, "identifier": 2, "key_index": 1}, {"priority": 1, "identifier": 1, "key_index": 2}, {"priority": 2, "identifier": 0, "key_index": 0}], "hnet_pubkey_list": [ {"hnet_pubkey_identifier": 27, "hnet_pubkey": "0272DA71976234CE833A6907425867B82E074D44EF907DFB4B3E21C1C2256EBCD1"}, {"hnet_pubkey_identifier": 30, "hnet_pubkey": "5A8D38864820197C3394B92613B20B91633CBD897119273BF8E4A6F4EEC0A650"}]}'
WARNING: These are TEST KEYS with publicly known/specified private keys, and hence unsafe for live/secure
deployments! For use in production networks, you need to generate your own set[s] of keys.
Routing Indicator
The Routing Indicator must be present for the SUCI feature. By default,
the contents of the file is **invalid** (ffffffff):
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> select MF
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> select ADF.USIM
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM)> select DF.5GS
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/DF.5GS)> select EF.Routing_Indicator
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/DF.5GS/EF.Routing_Indicator)> read_binary_decoded
9000: ffffffff -> {'raw': 'ffffffff'}
The Routing Indicator is a four-byte file but the actual Routing
Indicator goes into bytes 0 and 1 (the other bytes are reserved). To set
the Routing Indicator to 0x71:
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/DF.5GS/EF.Routing_Indicator)> update_binary 17ffffff
You can also set the routing indicator to **0x0**, which is *valid* and
means “routing indicator not specified”, leaving it to the modem.
USIM Service Table
First, check out the USIM Service Table (UST):
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> select MF
pySIM-shell (00:MF)> select ADF.USIM
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM)> select EF.UST
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/EF.UST)> read_binary_decoded
9000: beff9f9de73e0408400170730000002e00000000 -> [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19, 20, 21, 25, 27, 28, 29, 33, 34, 35, 38, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 46, 51, 60, 71, 73, 85, 86, 87, 89, 90, 93, 94, 95, 122, 123, 124, 126]
.. list-table:: From TS31.102
:widths: 15 40
:header-rows: 1
* - Service No.
- Description
* - 122
- 5GS Mobility Management Information
* - 123
- 5G Security Parameters
* - 124
- Subscription identifier privacy support
* - 125
- SUCI calculation by the USIM
* - 126
- UAC Access Identities support
* - 129
- 5GS Operator PLMN List
If youd like to enable/disable any UST service:
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/EF.UST)> ust_service_deactivate 124
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/EF.UST)> ust_service_activate 124
pySIM-shell (00:MF/ADF.USIM/EF.UST)> ust_service_deactivate 125
In this case, UST Service 124 is already enabled and youre good to go. The
sysmoISIM-SJA2 does not support on-SIM calculation, so service 125 must
be disabled.
USIM Error with 5G and sysmoISIM
sysmoISIMs come 5GS-enabled. By default however, the configuration stored
in the card file-system is **not valid** for 5G networks: Service 124 is enabled,
but EF.SUCI_Calc_Info and EF.Routing_Indicator are empty files (hence
do not contain valid data).
At least for Qualcomms X55 modem, this results in an USIM error and the
whole modem shutting 5G down. If you dont need SUCI concealment but the
smartphone refuses to connect to any 5G network, try to disable the UST
service 124.