RF delay simulator using ADALM-PLUTO https://osmocom.org/projects/osmo-rfds
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osmo-rfds/doc/usage.md

4.2 KiB

osmo-rfds usage

Flashing image

Refer to the official documentation.

In short, you can mount the pluto as a mass storage device, copy the pluto.frm file into it at the root, then umount and eject the device.

The led should start blinking quickly, incicating the flash is in progress. Do NOT disconnect the pluto from power while this is in progress. Wait for it to stop blinking quickly and the new image should be ready to use.

Connect to the pluto

Refer to official analog wiki for full details but here are the cliff notes:

  • Console:

    • minicom -D /dev/ttyACM0
  • Network :

    • ip link set enp0s20u3 up
    • ip addr add 192.168.2.2/24 dev enp0s20u3
    • (replace enp0s20u3 with whatever name the CDC ECM device was assigned on your machine)
    • ssh root@192.168.2.1
  • Credentials: root / analog

Running osmo-rfds

Once connected, the osmo-rfds binary can be used to control the loopback.

# osmo-rfds -h
osmo-rfds [options]
 -t, --tx-freq
 -r, --rx-freq
 -T, --tx-gain
 -R, --rx-gain
 -s, --samplerate
 -c, --buffer-count
 -b, --buffer-size
 -a, --amplitude
 -d, --delay
 -h, --help

Options should be fairly self-explanatory.

  • tx-freq / rx-freq are the frequencies used, in Hz.
  • tx-gain / rx-gain are the gain settings in dB. (Refer to iio_info for valid values)
  • samplerate is the configured sample rate in Hz. This will influence the bandwidth that's echoed back as well as the delay granularity. Minimum sample rate supported by IIO is ~ 2.1 Msps.
  • buffer-count / buffer-size are advanced IIO parameters which are included only for testing and should be left to their default values.
  • amplitude is the scaling applied to the received signal before retransmission. Beware of overflows !
  • delay is the delay to be applied, in number of samples before retransmitting the signal. Range is from 0 to 32767

To do a quick test, place the pluto near an UHD device.

Start the pluto relay with RX on 1G and TX on 1.1G with a 1000 samples delay:

# osmo-rfds -t 1100000000 -r 1000000000 -d 1000
[+] Options :
  . TX frequency   : 1100.000 MHz
  . TX gain        : -40.0 dB
  . RX frequency   : 1000.000 MHz
  . RX gain        : 40.0 dB

  . Sample Rate    : 4.000 Msps

  . Buffer count   : 4
  . Buffer size    : 4096 bytes

  . Echo amplitude : 0.2
  . Echo delay     : 1000 samples

Then start the uhd pinger to Tx on 1G and RX on 1.1G :

./pinger -r 1100000000 -t 1000000000
[+] Options :
  . TX frequency      : 1000.000 MHz
  . TX gain           : 60.0 dB
  . RX frequency      : 1100.000 MHz
  . RX gain           : 60.0 dB

  . Master Clock Rate : Auto
  . Sample Rate       : 2.000 Msps

  . Burst length      : 256 samples
  . Burst period      : 250.000 ms
  . Maximum delay     : 5.000 ms

[INFO] [UHD] linux; GNU C++ version 6.4.0; Boost_106500; UHD_3.14.0.0-99-g8e7768c7
[INFO] [B200] Detected Device: B205mini
[INFO] [B200] Operating over USB 3.
[INFO] [B200] Initialize CODEC control...
[INFO] [B200] Initialize Radio control...
[INFO] [B200] Performing register loopback test...
[INFO] [B200] Register loopback test passed
[INFO] [B200] Setting master clock rate selection to 'automatic'.
[INFO] [B200] Asking for clock rate 16.000000 MHz...
[INFO] [B200] Actually got clock rate 16.000000 MHz.
[INFO] [B200] Asking for clock rate 32.000000 MHz...
[INFO] [B200] Actually got clock rate 32.000000 MHz.
[+] Echo at (0.000000, 0.000000, 159487) :
[+] Echo at (0.098540, 615.705994, 549) : 549 (615.705994)
[+] Echo at (0.072381, 1.956668, 583) : 583 (1.956668)
[+] Echo at (0.073429, 2.770400, 583) : 583 (2.770400)
[+] Echo at (0.073496, 2.343132, 583) : 583 (2.343132)
[+] Echo at (0.072222, 2.368830, 583) : 583 (2.368830)
[+] Echo at (0.073371, 3.440041, 583) : 583 (3.440041)

This shows a delay of 583 samples.

If we run the pinger with RX on the same frequency as TX we get a 50 samples delay. So of those 583 samples, only 533 samples are due to the pluto echo.

533 samples at 2 Msps = 266.5 us. We asked for a delay of 1000 samples at 4 Msps = 250 us. The additional 16.5 us represent the minimal delay due to analog delays and fixed processing pipelines in the pluto.