195 lines
5.9 KiB

To make relocation on arm working, the following changes are done:
At arch level: add linker flag -pie
This causes the linker to generate fixup tables .rel.dyn and .dynsym,
which must be applied to the relocated image before transferring
control to it.
These fixups are described in the ARM ELF documentation as type 23
(program-base-relative) and 2 (symbol-relative)
At cpu level: modify linker file and add a relocation and fixup loop
the linker file must be modified to include the .rel.dyn and .dynsym
tables in the binary image, and to provide symbols for the relocation
code to access these tables
The relocation and fixup loop must be executed after executing
board_init_f at initial location and before executing board_init_r
at final location.
At board level:
dram_init(): bd pointer is now at this point not accessible, so only
detect the real dramsize, and store it in gd->ram_size. Bst detected
with get_ram_size().
TODO: move also dram initialization there on boards where it is possible.
Setup of the the bd_t dram bank info is done in the new function
dram_init_banksize() called after bd is accessible.
At lib level:
Board.c code is adapted from ppc code
Boards which are not fixed to support relocation will be REMOVED!
For boards which boot from nand_spl, it is possible to save one copy
if CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE == relocation address! This prevents that uboot code
is copied again in relocate_code().
example for the tx25 board:
a) cpu starts
b) it copies the first page in nand to internal ram
c) end executes this code
d) this initialize CPU, RAM, ... and copy itself to RAM
(this bin must fit in one page, so board_init_f()
don;t fit in it ... )
e) there it copy u-boot to CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_DST and
starts this image @ CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_START
f) u-boot code steps through board_init_f() and calculates
the relocation address and copy itself to it
If CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE == relocation address, the copying of u-boot
in f) could be saved.
- fill in bd_t infos (check)
- adapt all boards
- maybe adapt CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE (this must be checked from board maintainers)
This *must* be done for boards, which boot from NOR flash
on other boards if CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE = relocation baseaddr, this saves
one copying from u-boot code.
- new function dram_init_banksize() is actual board specific. Maybe
we make a weak default function in arch/arm/lib/board.c ?
Relocation with NAND_SPL (example for the tx25):
- cpu copies the first page from NAND to 0xbb000000 (IMX_NFC_BASE)
and start with code execution on this address.
- The First page contains u-boot code from u-boot:nand_spl/nand_boot_fsl_nfc.c
which inits the dram, cpu registers, reloacte itself to CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE and loads
the "real" u-boot to CONFIG_SYS_NAND_U_BOOT_DST and starts execution
- This u-boot does no RAM init, nor CPU register setup. Just look
where it has to copy and relocate itself to this address. If
relocate address = CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE (not the same, as the
CONFIG_SYS_TEXT_BASE from the nand_spl code), then there is no need
to copy, just go on with bss clear and jump to board_init_r.
How ELF relocations 23 and 2 work.
Debugging u-boot in RAM:
(example on the qong board)
a) add in config.mk:
b) start debugger
arm-linux-gdb u-boot
[hs@pollux u-boot]$ arm-linux-gdb u-boot
GNU gdb Red Hat Linux (6.7-2rh)
Copyright (C) 2007 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. Type "show copying"
and "show warranty" for details.
This GDB was configured as "--host=i686-pc-linux-gnu --target=arm-linux".
The target architecture is set automatically (currently arm)
c) connect to target
target remote bdi10:2001
(gdb) target remote bdi10:2001
Remote debugging using bdi10:2001
0x8ff17f10 in ?? ()
d) discard symbol-file
(gdb) symbol-file
Discard symbol table from `/home/hs/celf/u-boot/u-boot'? (y or n) y
No symbol file now.
e) load new symbol table:
(gdb) add-symbol-file u-boot 0x8ff08000
add symbol table from file "u-boot" at
.text_addr = 0x8ff08000
(y or n) y
Reading symbols from /home/hs/celf/u-boot/u-boot...done.
(gdb) c
Program received signal SIGSTOP, Stopped (signal).
0x8ff17f18 in serial_getc () at serial_mxc.c:192
192 while (__REG(UART_PHYS + UTS) & UTS_RXEMPTY);
add-symbol-file u-boot 0x8ff08000
get this address from u-boot debug printfs
U-Boot 2010.06-rc2-00009-gf77b8b8-dirty (Jun 22 2010 - 09:43:46)
U-Boot code: A0000000 -> A0058BAC BSS: -> A0061F10
CPU: Freescale i.MX31 at 398 MHz
Board: DAVE/DENX Qong
mon: FFFFFFFF gd->monLen: 00061F10
Top of RAM usable for U-Boot at: 90000000
LCD panel info: 640 x 480, 16 bit/pix
Reserving 600k for LCD Framebuffer at: 8ff6a000
Reserving 391k for U-Boot at: 8ff08000
Reserving 1280k for malloc() at: 8fdc8000
Reserving 24 Bytes for Board Info at: 8fdc7fe8
Reserving 52 Bytes for Global Data at: 8fdc7fb4
New Stack Pointer is: 8fdc7fb0
RAM Configuration:
Bank #0: 80000000 256 MiB
relocation Offset is: eff08000
mon: 00058BAC gd->monLen: 00061F10
Now running in RAM - U-Boot at: 8ff08000
Now you can use gdb as usual :-)