WHAT TO READ?
For quick installation tips read INSTALL.
For more complete documentation on this compiler and on using the
results of compilation please look into ./doc directory.
An excellent book on ASN.1 is written by Olivier Dubuisson:
"ASN.1 Communication between heterogeneous systems", ISBN:0-12-6333361-0.
After building [and installing] the compiler (see INSTALL), you may use
the asn1c command to compile the ASN.1 specification:
If several specifications contain interdependencies, all of them must be
asn1c <spec1.asn1> <spec2.asn1> ...
The ./examples directory contains several ASN.1 modules and a script to
extract ASN.1 modules from RFC documents. To compile X.509 PKI module:
./asn1c/asn1c -P ./examples/*PKIX*93*.asn1
In this example, -P option is used to instruct the compiler to print the
compiled text on the standard output instead of creating multiple .c
and .h files for every ASN.1 type found inside the specified files.
This is useful for debugging and tests automation.
The compiler -E and -EF options are used for testing the parser and
the semantic fixer, respectively. These options will instruct the compiler
to dump out the parsed (and fixed) ASN.1 specification as it was
"understood" by the compiler. It might be useful for checking
whether a particular syntactic construction is properly supported
by the compiler.
asn1c -EF <spec-to-test.asn1>
MODEL OF OPERATION
The asn1c compiler works by processing the ASN.1 module specification
in several stages:
1. In the first stage, the ASN.1 file is parsed.
(Parsing produces an ASN.1 syntax tree for the subsequent levels.)
2. In the second stage, the syntax tree is "fixed".
(Fixing is done by checking the tree for semantic errors
and by transforming the tree into the canonical representation.)
3. In the third stage, the syntax tree is compiled into the target language.
There are several command-line options reserved for printing the results
after each stage of operation:
<parser> => print (-E)
<parser> => <fixer> => print (-E -F)
<parser> => <fixer> => <compiler> => print (-P)
<parser> => <fixer> => <compiler> => save-compiled [default]