wireshark.org protocol dissector with Osmocom additions
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Guy Harris fe8508b8b3 More precise error message.
"Missing newline after '}'" suggests either that the "}" is the line
character in the file or that it's followed by a character other than a
newline.  What it actually appears to mean is "you didn't put a blank
line between one author entry and the next author entry".

Change-Id: Ic0e4dd02f04680ab84fbfcf1183c911d049ee2d2
Reviewed-on: https://code.wireshark.org/review/22746
Reviewed-by: Guy Harris <guy@alum.mit.edu>
2017-07-20 21:54:25 +00:00
.tx Transifex: Add type of translation file 2015-10-22 08:10:11 +00:00
capchild Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
caputils Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
cmake CMake: Escape shell command quotes. 2017-07-20 18:00:43 +00:00
codecs Change SpanDSP capitalization 2016-12-07 00:51:14 +00:00
debian Don't use uint_to_str_back when you need guint32_to_str_buf. 2017-07-09 19:54:35 +00:00
diameter [Diameter] Add a couple of command codes from IANA. 2017-07-18 13:17:02 +00:00
doc More precise error message. 2017-07-20 21:54:25 +00:00
docbook Update the release notes. 2017-07-20 16:42:14 +00:00
epan Remove dead code for address reverse-mapping 2017-07-20 19:07:13 +00:00
extcap androiddump: use actual buffer length instead of pointer sizeof. 2017-07-20 21:42:47 +00:00
fix FIX: fix spelling typo found by lintian 2016-11-02 14:03:52 +00:00
help A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
idl Geospatial and Imagery Access Service (GIAS) Dissector 2015-04-14 06:10:15 +00:00
image A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
m4 A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
macosx-support-lib-patches A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
packaging Rename enterprises to enterprises.tsv and ship it. 2017-07-15 06:20:34 +00:00
plugins dcerpc-pn-io (profinet): fix typo for pn_io.iops display filter 2017-07-19 22:04:55 +00:00
profiles Bluetooth profile: configure columns and layout for Bluetooth 2016-12-14 22:06:49 +00:00
radius Rename dictionary.erx to dictionary.unisphere and pick up the FreeRADIUS version. 2017-05-31 09:33:35 +00:00
randpkt_core Use more of the cfile_ failure message routines. 2017-04-20 21:26:29 +00:00
test Add support for dissecting UDT over DTLS 2017-07-09 18:25:08 +00:00
tools Remove line numbers (locations) from .ts files 2017-07-20 09:56:42 +00:00
ui Remove line numbers (locations) from .ts files 2017-07-20 09:56:42 +00:00
wimaxasncp Fix a lot of typos and misspellings 2016-01-08 20:04:56 +00:00
wiretap Do the meta-tag stuff the same way in all three cases. 2017-07-18 04:34:42 +00:00
writecap Reduce number of fwrite when writing pcap-ng EPB. 2017-02-24 04:42:31 +00:00
wsutil xtea[.ch] (wsutil): Add Modelines info 2017-07-05 18:06:40 +00:00
.editorconfig Remove echld/. 2017-03-19 15:13:14 +00:00
.gitattributes Ensure that run_and_catch_crashes has UNIX/POSIX line endings 2015-06-04 21:06:12 +00:00
.gitignore .gitignore: Add ignore to moc file on new qt subfolder 2017-07-17 14:29:42 +00:00
.gitlab-ci.yml Add .gitlab-ci.yml. 2016-11-25 17:07:49 +00:00
.mailmap .mailmap: fix duplicates and regenerate AUTHORS 2017-07-16 12:41:48 +00:00
.travis.yml travis: fix build with osx (macOS) 2017-07-05 19:14:44 +00:00
AUTHORS AUTHORS: add newline after bracket. 2017-07-20 21:50:57 +00:00
AUTHORS.src Fix formatting of AUTHORS list, fix Perl warning 2017-07-17 07:57:38 +00:00
CMakeLists.txt Rename enterprises to enterprises.tsv and ship it. 2017-07-15 06:20:34 +00:00
CMakeListsCustom.txt.example Add modelines 2016-06-19 08:40:16 +00:00
CMakeOptions.txt Add --enable-ubsan/ENABLE_UBSAN for UndefinedBehaviorSanitizer 2017-05-16 10:38:50 +00:00
CPackConfig.txt cmake: add creation of version.conf to be shipped in tarball. 2016-11-21 09:02:11 +00:00
ChangeLog Build 2.1.1. 2016-07-14 18:14:47 +00:00
ConfigureChecks.cmake Fix the #defines for the presence of structure names. 2016-10-22 09:53:19 +00:00
Makefile.am Another enterprises -> enterprises.tsv rename. 2017-07-16 03:31:09 +00:00
Makefile.am.inc Remove runlex.sh script, just run lex directly 2017-04-26 21:51:18 +00:00
NEWS Build 2.1.1. 2016-07-14 18:14:47 +00:00
README A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
README.bsd Set the minimum Qt version to 4.7. 2015-10-01 22:28:51 +00:00
README.cmake Miscellaneous texual corrections and addition 2017-06-15 04:23:29 +00:00
README.macos Remove trailing whitespace. 2017-04-05 19:19:59 +00:00
Vagrantfile Vagrant setup fixes 2015-06-25 15:24:06 +00:00
abi-descriptor.template Fix 'make dumpapi' target 2015-11-23 07:50:57 +00:00
acinclude.m4 On UN*X, make sure we can find inflate() in libz. 2017-06-27 07:48:58 +00:00
autogen.sh Get rid of a message that should no longer apply. 2017-04-29 02:56:17 +00:00
capinfos.c Eliminate some double-frees. 2017-04-29 11:29:34 +00:00
capture_info.c Don't limit capture packet counts to a fixed set of protocols. 2015-12-22 05:23:06 +00:00
capture_info.h Put all the capture dissector structures into epan/capture_dissectors.h. 2017-04-21 19:26:33 +00:00
capture_opts.c Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
capture_opts.h Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
capture_stop_conditions.c Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
capture_stop_conditions.h Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
captype.c Have separate routines for open-for-reading and open-for-writing errors. 2017-04-20 18:24:20 +00:00
cfile.c Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
cfile.h Update the capture file load time each time we update the progress bar. 2017-06-19 23:49:24 +00:00
cfilters Use MAC address documentation range in filter examples 2015-08-19 08:33:24 +00:00
cmakeconfig.h.in Change some names to reflect Apple's new UNIX-for-Macs name. 2017-06-16 08:50:22 +00:00
colorfilters Add proto_tree_add_checksum. 2016-07-21 12:35:22 +00:00
config.guess Update to the latest config.guess and config.sub 2016-06-15 20:50:04 +00:00
config.sub Update to the latest config.guess and config.sub 2016-06-15 20:50:04 +00:00
configure.ac Change some names to reflect Apple's new UNIX-for-Macs name. 2017-06-16 08:50:22 +00:00
dfilters dfilter: Add membership operator 2015-09-11 06:31:33 +00:00
dftest.c Pull all the "load settings" calls into a epan_load_settings() routine. 2017-04-09 22:40:30 +00:00
dumpcap.c Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
editcap.c ERF_TYPE_META write and comment support 2017-07-17 02:08:52 +00:00
enterprises.tsv Extend enterprises.tsv to accept spaces as separators 2017-07-18 04:41:12 +00:00
extcap.c extcap: another round of memory leak fixes 2017-06-30 05:47:54 +00:00
extcap.h Qt: Add support to verify extcap capture filter 2017-05-30 18:10:03 +00:00
extcap_parser.c extcap (parser): fix no previous prototype for ‘extcap_free_toolbar_value/control’ 2017-05-02 17:38:30 +00:00
extcap_parser.h Qt: Add interface toolbar support 2017-04-25 06:19:39 +00:00
extcap_spawn.c Yell at the user less. 2017-02-20 16:53:17 +00:00
extcap_spawn.h extcap: Use stderr to print error message 2016-07-30 21:15:39 +00:00
file.c Rename cf_get_comment() to reflect what comment it gets. 2017-07-17 03:49:33 +00:00
file.h Rename cf_get_comment() to reflect what comment it gets. 2017-07-17 03:49:33 +00:00
fileset.c Clean up conditional code for getting creation time. 2016-10-22 10:18:47 +00:00
frame_tvbuff.c Minimize allocations for frame tvbuffs and Buffers. 2016-07-22 04:18:08 +00:00
macosx-setup.sh lz4 doesn't support "make distclean", so don't use it. 2017-06-26 21:47:52 +00:00
make-version.pl 2.3.0 → 2.5.0. 2017-06-02 22:40:36 +00:00
manuf [Automatic update for 2017-07-16] 2017-07-16 17:05:26 +00:00
manuf.tmpl Manuf: Konica Minolta updates. 2017-06-20 16:02:22 +00:00
mergecap.c Eliminate some double-frees. 2017-04-29 11:29:34 +00:00
pdml2html.xsl add link to Wireshark wiki to pdml2html.xsl 2016-09-18 17:49:31 +00:00
randpkt.c Clean up handling of enabled/disabled protocols/heuristic dissectors. 2017-04-08 20:40:08 +00:00
rawshark.c Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
register.h Remove RA_CONFIGURATION. 2017-01-05 02:46:00 +00:00
reordercap.c Have separate routines for open-for-reading and open-for-writing errors. 2017-04-20 18:24:20 +00:00
ringbuffer.c Put the HAVE_REMOTE hack into wsutil/wspcap.h, and include that file. 2017-05-11 19:58:15 +00:00
ringbuffer.h Don't include "file.h" if you don't need it. 2015-11-04 08:46:30 +00:00
services [Automatic update for 2017-07-16] 2017-07-16 17:05:26 +00:00
sharkd.c Just print the string color_filters_init() provides on an error. 2017-06-09 22:38:35 +00:00
sharkd.h sharkd: fix redundant redeclaration of ‘cfile’ [-Wredundant-decls] 2017-02-24 02:12:20 +00:00
sharkd_daemon.c Check for return value of WSAStartup on all executables. 2017-03-27 03:14:15 +00:00
sharkd_session.c sharkd: fix a shadow warning when compiling on RHEL/CentOS 6.x 2017-06-08 21:17:46 +00:00
summary.c Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
summary.h Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
sync_pipe.h Qt: Add interface toolbar support 2017-04-25 06:19:39 +00:00
sync_pipe_write.c Windows: Remove the need for _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE. 2016-04-13 02:16:20 +00:00
text2pcap-scanner.l text2pcap: fix -Wmacro-redefined warning 2017-02-27 12:52:36 +00:00
text2pcap.c Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
text2pcap.h text2pcap: free memory on exit. 2017-02-28 14:56:36 +00:00
tfshark.c Add support for color xml attributes in psml and pdml formats. 2017-06-12 03:23:38 +00:00
trigcap.c Put the HAVE_REMOTE hack into wsutil/wspcap.h, and include that file. 2017-05-11 19:58:15 +00:00
tshark.c Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
vagrant_build.sh tools: permit setting BIN_DIR in the environment 2015-06-26 06:52:58 +00:00
vagrant_provision.sh Qt: Initial RTP playback. 2015-10-02 18:26:05 +00:00
wireshark-gtk.desktop Change "System" category to "Network" in desktop files 2016-03-04 16:07:31 +00:00
wireshark-mime-package.xml A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
wireshark-qt.cpp wsutil: Back out profile_write_info_file 2017-06-22 14:59:45 +00:00
wireshark.desktop Register a few more file extensions as belonging to Wireshark. 2016-06-01 04:30:19 +00:00
wireshark.pc.in Generate better pkg-config file 2016-01-04 08:15:29 +00:00
wka.tmpl Change spaces to tab for recent wka entries 2016-12-13 07:34:59 +00:00
ws_diag_control.h A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
ws_version_info.c make-version: Clean up handling of VCSVERSION 2016-10-28 08:33:25 +00:00
ws_version_info.h Link version code statically again 2016-04-21 18:59:56 +00:00


General Information

Wireshark is a network traffic analyzer, or "sniffer", for Unix and
Unix-like operating systems.  It uses Qt, a graphical user interface
library, and libpcap, a packet capture and filtering library.

The Wireshark distribution also comes with TShark, which is a
line-oriented sniffer (similar to Sun's snoop, or tcpdump) that uses the
same dissection, capture-file reading and writing, and packet filtering
code as Wireshark, and with editcap, which is a program to read capture
files and write the packets from that capture file, possibly in a
different capture file format, and with some packets possibly removed
from the capture.

The official home of Wireshark is


The latest distribution can be found in the subdirectory



The Wireshark project builds and tests regularly on the following platforms:

  - Linux (Ubuntu)
  - Microsoft Windows
  - macOS / {Mac} OS X

Official installation packages are available for Microsoft Windows and

It is available as either a standard or add-on package for many popular
operating sytems and Linux distributions including Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora,
CentOS, RHEL, Arch, Gentoo, openSUSE, FreeBSD, DragonFly BSD, NetBSD, and

Additionaly it is available through many third-party packaging systems
such as pkgsrc, OpenCSW, Homebrew, and MacPorts.

It should run on other Unix-ish systems without too much trouble.

In some cases the current version of Wireshark might not support your
operating system. This is the case for Windows XP, which is supported by
Wireshark 1.10 and earlier. In other cases the standard package for
Wireshark might simply be old. This is the case for Solaris and HP-UX.

NOTE: The Makefile depends on GNU "make"; it doesn't appear to
work with the "make" that comes with Solaris 7 nor the BSD "make".

Both Perl and Python are needed, the former for building the man pages.

If you decide to modify the yacc grammar or lex scanner, then
you need "flex" - it cannot be built with vanilla "lex" -
and either "bison" or the Berkeley "yacc". Your flex
version must be 2.5.1 or greater. Check this with 'flex -V'.

You must therefore install Perl, Python, GNU "make", "flex", and either "bison"
or Berkeley "yacc" on systems that lack them.

Full installation instructions can be found in the INSTALL file and in the
Developer's Guide at https://www.wireshark.org/docs/wsdg_html_chunked/

See also the appropriate README.<OS> files for OS-specific installation


In order to capture packets from the network, you need to make the
dumpcap program set-UID to root, or you need to have access to the
appropriate entry under /dev if your system is so inclined (BSD-derived
systems, and systems such as Solaris and HP-UX that support DLPI,
typically fall into this category).  Although it might be tempting to
make the Wireshark and TShark executables setuid root, or to run them as
root please don't.  The capture process has been isolated in dumpcap;
this simple program is less likely to contain security holes, and thus
safer to run as root.

Please consult the man page for a description of each command-line
option and interface feature.

Multiple File Types

The wiretap library is a packet-capture library currently under
development parallel to wireshark.  In the future it is hoped that
wiretap will have more features than libpcap, but wiretap is still in
its infancy. However, wiretap is used in wireshark for its ability
to read multiple file types.  See the Wireshark man page or the
Wireshark User's Guide for a list of supported file formats.

In addition, it can read gzipped versions of any of those files
automatically, if you have the zlib library available when compiling
Wireshark. Wireshark needs a modern version of zlib to be able to use
zlib to read gzipped files; version 1.1.3 is known to work.  Versions
prior to 1.0.9 are missing some functions that Wireshark needs and won't
work.  "./configure" should detect if you have the proper zlib version
available and, if you don't, should disable zlib support. You can always
use "./configure --disable-zlib" to explicitly disable zlib support.

Although Wireshark can read AIX iptrace files, the documentation on
AIX's iptrace packet-trace command is sparse.  The 'iptrace' command
starts a daemon which you must kill in order to stop the trace. Through
experimentation it appears that sending a HUP signal to that iptrace
daemon causes a graceful shutdown and a complete packet is written
to the trace file. If a partial packet is saved at the end, Wireshark
will complain when reading that file, but you will be able to read all
other packets.  If this occurs, please let the Wireshark developers know
at wireshark-dev@wireshark.org, and be sure to send us a copy of that trace
file if it's small and contains non-sensitive data.

Support for Lucent/Ascend products is limited to the debug trace output
generated by the MAX and Pipline series of products.  Wireshark can read
the output of the "wandsession" "wandisplay", "wannext", and "wdd"

Wireshark can also read dump trace output from the Toshiba "Compact Router"
line of ISDN routers (TR-600 and TR-650). You can telnet to the router
and start a dump session with "snoop dump".

CoSine L2 debug output can also be read by Wireshark. To get the L2
debug output, get in the diags mode first and then use
"create-pkt-log-profile" and "apply-pkt-log-profile" commands under
layer-2 category. For more detail how to use these commands, you
should examine the help command by "layer-2 create ?" or "layer-2 apply ?".

To use the Lucent/Ascend, Toshiba and CoSine traces with Wireshark, you must
capture the trace output to a file on disk.  The trace is happening inside
the router and the router has no way of saving the trace to a file for you.
An easy way of doing this under Unix is to run "telnet <ascend> | tee <outfile>".
Or, if your system has the "script" command installed, you can save
a shell session, including telnet to a file. For example, to a file named

$ script tracefile.out
Script started on <date/time>
$ telnet router
..... do your trace, then exit from the router's telnet session.
$ exit
Script done on <date/time>

Name Resolution

Wireshark will attempt to use reverse name resolution capabilities
when decoding IPv4 and IPv6 packets.

If you want to turn off name resolution while using Wireshark, start
Wireshark with the "-n" option to turn off all name resolution (including
resolution of MAC addresses and TCP/UDP/SMTP port numbers to names), or
with the "-N mt" option to turn off name resolution for all
network-layer addresses (IPv4, IPv6, IPX).

You can make that the default setting by opening the Preferences dialog
box using the Preferences item in the Edit menu, selecting "Name
resolution", turning off the appropriate name resolution options,
clicking "Save", and clicking "OK".


Wireshark can do some basic decoding of SNMP packets; it can also use
the libsmi library to do more sophisticated decoding, by reading MIB
files and using the information in those files to display OIDs and
variable binding values in a friendlier fashion.  The configure script
will automatically determine whether you have the libsmi library on
your system.  If you have the libsmi library but _do not_ want to have
Wireshark use it, you can run configure with the "--without-libsmi"

How to Report a Bug

Wireshark is under constant development, so it is possible that you will
encounter a bug while using it. Please report bugs at https://bugs.wireshark.org.
Be sure you enter into the bug:

1. The complete build information from the "About Wireshark"
   item in the Help menu or the output of "wireshark -v" for
   Wireshark bugs and the output of "tshark -v" for TShark bugs;

2. If the bug happened on Linux, the Linux distribution you were
   using, and the version of that distribution;

3. The command you used to invoke Wireshark, if you ran
   Wireshark from the command line, or TShark, if you ran
   TShark, and the sequence of operations you performed that
   caused the bug to appear.

If the bug is produced by a particular trace file, please be sure to
attach to the bug a trace file along with your bug description.  If the
trace file contains sensitive information (e.g., passwords), then please
do not send it.

If Wireshark died on you with a 'segmentation violation', 'bus error',
'abort', or other error that produces a UNIX core dump file, you can
help the developers a lot if you have a debugger installed.  A stack
trace can be obtained by using your debugger ('gdb' in this example),
the wireshark binary, and the resulting core file.  Here's an example of
how to use the gdb command 'backtrace' to do so.

$ gdb wireshark core
(gdb) backtrace
..... prints the stack trace
(gdb) quit

The core dump file may be named "wireshark.core" rather than "core" on
some platforms (e.g., BSD systems).  If you got a core dump with
TShark rather than Wireshark, use "tshark" as the first argument to
the debugger; the core dump may be named "tshark.core".


There is no warranty, expressed or implied, associated with this product.
Use at your own risk.

Gerald Combs <gerald@wireshark.org>

Gilbert Ramirez <gram@alumni.rice.edu>

Guy Harris <guy@alum.mit.edu>