wireshark.org protocol dissector with Osmocom additions
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Guy Harris b044e48c70 Quote the source directory in Git commands.
It may contain spaces (it does on my Windows 7 VM), so it must be
quoted.  (There are probably other places where it needs to be quoted in
this script.)

Change-Id: If363691b0f94bbe75755072fd5245266566c3360
Reviewed-on: https://code.wireshark.org/review/12043
Reviewed-by: Guy Harris <guy@alum.mit.edu>
2015-11-22 19:25:48 +00:00
.tx Transifex: Add type of translation file 2015-10-22 08:10:11 +00:00
aclocal-fallback autotools: Fix extra-compiler-warnings for system headers 2015-11-21 13:50:54 +00:00
asn1 register_dissector -> new_register_dissector for ASN.1 dissectors. 2015-11-22 08:38:50 +00:00
capchild More spelling fixes found by lintian 2015-11-20 05:47:29 +00:00
caputils Extcap: allow Wireshark to list extcap interfaces even when WinPcap / Npcap is not installed 2015-11-17 08:17:38 +00:00
cmake extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
codecs Fix warnings introduced by "Qt: Initial RTP playback" 2015-10-05 03:21:46 +00:00
debian Lua: Validate Proto() arguments 2015-11-21 20:30:26 +00:00
diameter Rule-Failure-Code enum value 14 added. 2015-11-20 12:48:44 +00:00
doc extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
docbook Developers Guide Updates 2015-11-22 08:34:11 +00:00
echld CMake: Add /WX 2015-10-16 21:32:22 +00:00
epan RADIUS: Add display field for Ascend data Filter 2015-11-22 15:26:19 +00:00
extcap sshdump: add define for default capture bin 2015-11-21 08:04:14 +00:00
help Apple calls it just "OS X" these days. 2015-11-10 21:08:45 +00:00
idl Geospatial and Imagery Access Service (GIAS) Dissector 2015-04-14 06:10:15 +00:00
image Fix dist. 2015-10-16 16:22:55 +00:00
packaging Fix OSX 10.5 autotools package for missing sshdump 2015-11-21 23:31:42 +00:00
plugins [docsis] Remove unused exceptions.h 2015-11-22 08:26:47 +00:00
radius Add ExtremeNetworks attribute 213 (and the source of the information) 2015-06-18 14:49:55 +00:00
test For now, call the finish routine in Lua file writers "close". 2015-11-16 19:18:15 +00:00
tools asn2wrs.py: fix path substitution when generating ASN.1 dissectors with CMake on Windows 2015-11-22 11:30:54 +00:00
ui We *do* use setWindowModified; remove the XXX comment saying to do so. 2015-11-22 18:48:06 +00:00
wiretap use the official DLT for ISO14443 2015-11-19 13:39:55 +00:00
wsutil Use ws_{read,write,fdopen,close}. 2015-11-08 10:32:09 +00:00
.gitattributes Ensure that run_and_catch_crashes has UNIX/POSIX line endings 2015-06-04 21:06:12 +00:00
.gitignore cmake: do not remove ws.css; ignore auto-generated files 2015-11-21 16:47:59 +00:00
.mailmap Update .mailmap with my new e-mail address 2015-11-03 18:13:50 +00:00
.travis.yml Update Travis to Trusty 2015-10-27 23:57:04 +00:00
AUTHORS Update my e-mail address in the AUTHORS file 2015-11-02 23:49:39 +00:00
CMakeLists.txt Quote the path for the Windows setup script. 2015-11-22 19:16:25 +00:00
CMakeOptions.txt extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
COPYING Always use html2text.py for FAQ, improve output 2015-03-25 07:08:52 +00:00
ChangeLog Build 1.99.9. 2015-09-02 16:26:22 +00:00
ConfigureChecks.cmake $, not %, is used to introduce a variable reference in CMake. 2015-09-23 05:48:44 +00:00
INSTALL Change a lot of http:// URLs to https://. 2015-03-10 19:30:50 +00:00
Makefile.am extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
Makefile.common extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
Makefile.nmake extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
NEWS Build 1.99.9. 2015-09-02 16:26:22 +00:00
README Apple calls it just "OS X" these days. 2015-11-10 21:08:45 +00:00
README.bsd Set the minimum Qt version to 4.7. 2015-10-01 22:28:51 +00:00
README.cmake Apple calls it just "OS X" these days. 2015-11-10 21:08:45 +00:00
README.macos Cleanups. 2015-11-17 22:36:16 +00:00
README.windows Change a lot of http:// URLs to https://. 2015-03-10 19:30:50 +00:00
Vagrantfile Vagrant setup fixes 2015-06-25 15:24:06 +00:00
acinclude.m4 acinclude.m4: Replace AS_ECHO_N with printf 2015-11-21 17:11:20 +00:00
capinfos.c Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
capture_info.c Handle DLT_LOOP differently from DLT_NULL. 2015-02-15 22:47:03 +00:00
capture_opts.c Clean up includes of unistd.h, fcntl.h, and sys/stat.h. 2015-11-07 21:52:23 +00:00
capture_opts.h The official #define for 32-bit and 64-bit Windows is _WIN32. 2015-09-02 22:59:10 +00:00
capture_stop_conditions.c Clean up includes of unistd.h, fcntl.h, and sys/stat.h. 2015-11-07 21:52:23 +00:00
captype.c Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
cfile.h Morph ProgressBar into CaptureProgressFrame. 2015-06-23 06:06:37 +00:00
cfilters Use MAC address documentation range in filter examples 2015-08-19 08:33:24 +00:00
cmakeconfig.h.in extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
color_filters.c Qt: Add Colorize Conversation menu items. 2015-07-11 00:41:01 +00:00
color_filters.h Qt: Add Colorize Conversation menu items. 2015-07-11 00:41:01 +00:00
colorfilters OSPF database packets and OSPF hellos in DC mode are unicast. At 2015-08-22 01:50:26 +00:00
config.h.win32 [MSVC 2015] Change the check to look for MSVC 2010 or newer rather than 2015-06-09 11:40:00 +00:00
config.nmake extcap: add sshdump. 2015-11-19 15:29:18 +00:00
configure.ac autotools: Fix extra-compiler-warnings for system headers 2015-11-21 13:50:54 +00:00
dfilters dfilter: Add membership operator 2015-09-11 06:31:33 +00:00
dftest.c Catch REPORT_DISSECTOR_BUG() calls in dissector registration routines. 2015-10-28 00:44:26 +00:00
dumpcap.c Use ws_{read,write,fdopen,close}. 2015-11-08 10:32:09 +00:00
echld_test.c Fix some files to pass the pre-commit hook script. 2015-05-17 21:01:03 +00:00
editcap.c Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
extcap.c extcap: fix a crash introduced in g622603b 2015-11-17 10:37:36 +00:00
extcap.h extcap: Provide capture filter to extcap binary 2015-11-05 07:42:35 +00:00
extcap_parser.c extcap: Implement QT extcap options 2015-05-05 09:35:10 +00:00
extcap_parser.h extcap: Implement QT extcap options 2015-05-05 09:35:10 +00:00
file.c Revert: Free cf->edt before free cf->epan when redissecting. 2015-11-18 20:28:30 +00:00
file.h Rework tapping in Qt dialogs. 2015-08-26 15:04:28 +00:00
fileset.c Clean up includes of unistd.h, fcntl.h, and sys/stat.h. 2015-11-07 21:52:23 +00:00
frame_tvbuff.c Remove tvb_ from the names of wsutil mempbrk routines. 2015-02-21 20:39:25 +00:00
macosx-setup.sh Build Lua with all the appropriate flags. 2015-10-14 05:19:55 +00:00
make-version.pl Quote the source directory in Git commands. 2015-11-22 19:25:48 +00:00
manuf [Automatic update for 2015-11-15] 2015-11-15 16:09:44 +00:00
mergecap.c Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
mkcap.c Replace deprecated function by not deprecated function. 2015-05-01 00:14:30 +00:00
randpkt-core.c randpkt: split into a core and an app. 2015-11-11 13:22:05 +00:00
randpkt-core.h randpkt: split into a core and an app. 2015-11-11 13:22:05 +00:00
randpkt.c randpkt: split into a core and an app. 2015-11-11 13:22:05 +00:00
rawshark.c Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
register.h Added Reload Lua plugins. 2015-08-11 12:09:07 +00:00
reordercap.c Misc minor issues caught by cppcheck 2015-11-17 04:18:37 +00:00
ringbuffer.c Clean up includes of unistd.h, fcntl.h, and sys/stat.h. 2015-11-07 21:52:23 +00:00
ringbuffer.h Don't include "file.h" if you don't need it. 2015-11-04 08:46:30 +00:00
services [Automatic update for 2015-11-15] 2015-11-15 16:09:44 +00:00
summary.c pcapng: drop count is unknown for ISB without isb_if_drop option 2015-08-29 23:58:18 +00:00
sync_pipe_write.c Just use <wsutil/file_util.h>. 2015-11-07 22:03:31 +00:00
text2pcap-scanner.l Another unnecessary include of io.h. 2015-11-06 07:48:40 +00:00
text2pcap.c Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
tfshark.c Clean up includes of unistd.h, fcntl.h, and sys/stat.h. 2015-11-07 21:52:23 +00:00
tshark.c Fixup a couple of stdout checks. 2015-11-11 18:15:36 +00:00
vagrant_build.sh tools: permit setting BIN_DIR in the environment 2015-06-26 06:52:58 +00:00
vagrant_provision.sh Qt: Initial RTP playback. 2015-10-02 18:26:05 +00:00
version.h.in cmake: rework version.h handling to treat it like config.h 2015-08-26 07:37:02 +00:00
wireshark-gtk.desktop GTK: Add separate working desktop file for GTK+ Wireshark GUI 2015-11-11 04:45:48 +00:00
wireshark-mime-package.xml WildPackets → Savvius. 2015-05-06 16:48:03 +00:00
wireshark-qt.cpp Update user guide for development release 2015-11-11 17:31:31 +00:00
wireshark.appdata.xml Add an appdata entry for Wireshark. 2015-02-18 01:50:56 +00:00
wireshark.desktop Put it in the Qt category, not the GTK category. 2015-08-14 23:20:40 +00:00
wireshark.pc.in Fix wireshark.pc when CMAKE_INSTALL_LIBDIR is absolute 2015-04-16 10:21:48 +00:00
wka.tmpl epl: Add support for AMNI frame 2015-04-28 09:51:21 +00:00


General Information
------- -----------

Wireshark is a network traffic analyzer, or "sniffer", for Unix and
Unix-like operating systems.  It uses GTK+, a graphical user interface
library, and libpcap, a packet capture and filtering library.

The Wireshark distribution also comes with TShark, which is a
line-oriented sniffer (similar to Sun's snoop, or tcpdump) that uses the
same dissection, capture-file reading and writing, and packet filtering
code as Wireshark, and with editcap, which is a program to read capture
files and write the packets from that capture file, possibly in a
different capture file format, and with some packets possibly removed
from the capture.

The official home of Wireshark is


The latest distribution can be found in the subdirectory



Wireshark is known to compile and run on the following systems:

  - Linux (2.0 and later kernels, various distributions)
  - Solaris (2.5.1 and later)
  - FreeBSD (2.2.5 and later)
  - NetBSD
  - OpenBSD
  - OS X (10.2 and later)
  - HP-UX (10.20, 11.00, 11.11)
  - Sequent PTX v4.4.5  (Nick Williams <njw@sequent.com>)
  - Tru64 UNIX (formerly Digital UNIX) (3.2 and later)
  - Irix (6.5)
  - AIX (4.3.2, with a bit of work)
  - Windows (2003, XP, Vista, 7)

and possibly on other versions of those OSes.  It should run on other
Unix-ish systems without too much trouble.

If you have an older version of the operating systems listed above, it
might be supported by an older version of Wireshark. In particular,
Windows 2000 is supported by Wireshark 1.2.x, Windows NT 4.0 is supported by
Wireshark 0.99.4, and Windows 95, 98, and ME are supported by Ethereal 0.99.0.

NOTE: the Makefile appears to depend on GNU "make"; it doesn't appear to
work with the "make" that comes with Solaris 7 nor the BSD "make".

Both Perl and Python are needed, the former for building the man pages.

If you decide to modify the yacc grammar or lex scanner, then
you need "flex" - it cannot be built with vanilla "lex" -
and either "bison" or the Berkeley "yacc". Your flex
version must be 2.5.1 or greater. Check this with 'flex -V'.

You must therefore install Perl, Python, GNU "make", "flex", and either "bison"
or Berkeley "yacc" on systems that lack them.

Full installation instructions can be found in the INSTALL file.

See also the appropriate README.<OS> files for OS-specific installation


In order to capture packets from the network, you need to make the
dumpcap program set-UID to root, or you need to have access to the
appropriate entry under /dev if your system is so inclined (BSD-derived
systems, and systems such as Solaris and HP-UX that support DLPI,
typically fall into this category).  Although it might be tempting to
make the Wireshark and TShark executables setuid root, or to run them as
root please don't.  The capture process has been isolated in dumpcap;
this simple program is less likely to contain security holes, and thus
safer to run as root.

Please consult the man page for a description of each command-line
option and interface feature.

Multiple File Types

The wiretap library is a packet-capture library currently under
development parallel to wireshark.  In the future it is hoped that
wiretap will have more features than libpcap, but wiretap is still in
its infancy. However, wiretap is used in wireshark for its ability
to read multiple file types.  See the Wireshark man page or the
Wireshark User's Guide for a list of supported file formats.

In addition, it can read gzipped versions of any of those files
automatically, if you have the zlib library available when compiling
Wireshark. Wireshark needs a modern version of zlib to be able to use
zlib to read gzipped files; version 1.1.3 is known to work.  Versions
prior to 1.0.9 are missing some functions that Wireshark needs and won't
work.  "./configure" should detect if you have the proper zlib version
available and, if you don't, should disable zlib support. You can always
use "./configure --disable-zlib" to explicitly disable zlib support.

Although Wireshark can read AIX iptrace files, the documentation on
AIX's iptrace packet-trace command is sparse.  The 'iptrace' command
starts a daemon which you must kill in order to stop the trace. Through
experimentation it appears that sending a HUP signal to that iptrace
daemon causes a graceful shutdown and a complete packet is written
to the trace file. If a partial packet is saved at the end, Wireshark
will complain when reading that file, but you will be able to read all
other packets.  If this occurs, please let the Wireshark developers know
at wireshark-dev@wireshark.org, and be sure to send us a copy of that trace
file if it's small and contains non-sensitive data.

Support for Lucent/Ascend products is limited to the debug trace output
generated by the MAX and Pipline series of products.  Wireshark can read
the output of the "wandsession" "wandisplay", "wannext", and "wdd"

Wireshark can also read dump trace output from the Toshiba "Compact Router"
line of ISDN routers (TR-600 and TR-650). You can telnet to the router
and start a dump session with "snoop dump".

CoSine L2 debug output can also be read by Wireshark. To get the L2
debug output, get in the diags mode first and then use
"create-pkt-log-profile" and "apply-pkt-log-profile" commands under
layer-2 category. For more detail how to use these commands, you
should examine the help command by "layer-2 create ?" or "layer-2 apply ?".

To use the Lucent/Ascend, Toshiba and CoSine traces with Wireshark, you must
capture the trace output to a file on disk.  The trace is happening inside
the router and the router has no way of saving the trace to a file for you.
An easy way of doing this under Unix is to run "telnet <ascend> | tee <outfile>".
Or, if your system has the "script" command installed, you can save
a shell session, including telnet to a file. For example, to a file named

$ script tracefile.out
Script started on <date/time>
$ telnet router
..... do your trace, then exit from the router's telnet session.
$ exit
Script done on <date/time>

If your operating system includes IPv6 support, wireshark will attempt to
use reverse name resolution capabilities when decoding IPv6 packets.

If you want to turn off name resolution while using wireshark, start
wireshark with the "-n" option to turn off all name resolution (including
resolution of MAC addresses and TCP/UDP/SMTP port numbers to names), or
with the "-N mt" option to turn off name resolution for all
network-layer addresses (IPv4, IPv6, IPX).

You can make that the default setting by opening the Preferences dialog
box using the Preferences item in the Edit menu, selecting "Name
resolution", turning off the appropriate name resolution options,
clicking "Save", and clicking "OK".

If you would like to compile wireshark without support for IPv6 name
resolution, use the "--disable-ipv6" option with "./configure".  If you
compile wireshark without IPv6 name resolution, you will still be able to
decode IPv6 packets, but you'll only see IPv6 addresses, not host names.

Wireshark can do some basic decoding of SNMP packets; it can also use
the libsmi library to do more sophisticated decoding, by reading MIB
files and using the information in those files to display OIDs and
variable binding values in a friendlier fashion.  The configure script
will automatically determine whether you have the libsmi library on
your system.  If you have the libsmi library but _do not_ want to have
Wireshark use it, you can run configure with the "--without-libsmi"

How to Report a Bug
Wireshark is still under constant development, so it is possible that you will
encounter a bug while using it. Please report bugs at http://bugs.wireshark.org.
Be sure you enter into the bug:

	1) the complete build information from the "About Wireshark"
	   item in the Help menu or the output of "wireshark -v" for
	   Wireshark bugs and the output of "tshark -v" for TShark bugs;

	2) if the bug happened on Linux, the Linux distribution you were
	   using, and the version of that distribution;

	3) the command you used to invoke Wireshark, if you ran
	   Wireshark from the command line, or TShark, if you ran
	   TShark, and the sequence of operations you performed that
	   caused the bug to appear.

If the bug is produced by a particular trace file, please be sure to
attach to the bug a trace file along with your bug description.  If the
trace file contains sensitive information (e.g., passwords), then please
do not send it.

If Wireshark died on you with a 'segmentation violation', 'bus error',
'abort', or other error that produces a UNIX core dump file, you can
help the developers a lot if you have a debugger installed.  A stack
trace can be obtained by using your debugger ('gdb' in this example),
the wireshark binary, and the resulting core file.  Here's an example of
how to use the gdb command 'backtrace' to do so.

$ gdb wireshark core
(gdb) backtrace
..... prints the stack trace
(gdb) quit

The core dump file may be named "wireshark.core" rather than "core" on
some platforms (e.g., BSD systems).  If you got a core dump with
TShark rather than Wireshark, use "tshark" as the first argument to
the debugger; the core dump may be named "tshark.core".


There is no warranty, expressed or implied, associated with this product.
Use at your own risk.

Gerald Combs <gerald@wireshark.org>
Gilbert Ramirez <gram@alumni.rice.edu>
Guy Harris <guy@alum.mit.edu>