wireshark.org protocol dissector with Osmocom additions
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Jakub Zawadzki 5ecfe0c565 sharkd: support for frame comments.
Change-Id: If51cd6a7f4989fee16563809a997dc2f46f67c22
Reviewed-on: https://code.wireshark.org/review/23759
Petri-Dish: Jakub Zawadzki <darkjames-ws@darkjames.pl>
Tested-by: Petri Dish Buildbot <buildbot-no-reply@wireshark.org>
Reviewed-by: Michael Mann <mmann78@netscape.net>
2017-09-27 01:56:33 +00:00
.tx Transifex: Add type of translation file 2015-10-22 08:10:11 +00:00
capchild autotools: Use package flags to configure libpcap 2017-09-24 12:58:06 +00:00
caputils autotools: Use package flags to configure libpcap 2017-09-24 12:58:06 +00:00
cmake plugins: Fixups for g9260461f4f 2017-09-23 17:49:08 +00:00
codecs Move some DIAG_OFFs to make code less ugly 2017-09-26 17:28:10 +00:00
debian [Automatic update for 2017-09-24] 2017-09-24 08:07:00 +00:00
diameter Diameter 3GPP: update S6a/S6d/S13/S13' AVPs 2017-09-21 14:45:45 +00:00
doc Add toy plugin to doc/ as an out-of-tree build example 2017-09-25 14:55:09 +00:00
docbook WSUG: More tools updates. 2017-09-26 21:40:12 +00:00
epan LPP: upgrade dissector to v14.3.0 2017-09-26 21:38:45 +00:00
extcap udpdump: Add missing include for timeval struct. 2017-09-25 16:42:17 +00:00
fix FIX: fix spelling typo found by lintian 2016-11-02 14:03:52 +00:00
help A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
idl Geospatial and Imagery Access Service (GIAS) Dissector 2015-04-14 06:10:15 +00:00
image Expand Merge file dialog on Windows 2017-07-30 01:20:14 +00:00
m4 A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
macosx-support-lib-patches Get rid of no-longer-needed patches to PortAudio. 2017-09-01 21:53:30 +00:00
packaging macOS: Fixup plugin signing. 2017-09-25 16:38:54 +00:00
plugins Remove "easy_codec" source 2017-09-26 20:00:16 +00:00
profiles Bluetooth profile: configure columns and layout for Bluetooth 2016-12-14 22:06:49 +00:00
radius Rename dictionary.erx to dictionary.unisphere and pick up the FreeRADIUS version. 2017-05-31 09:33:35 +00:00
randpkt_core randpkt: choose a random type if the empty string has been selected as type. 2017-07-25 04:55:44 +00:00
test Add support for dissecting UDT over DTLS 2017-07-09 18:25:08 +00:00
tools Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
ui Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
wimaxasncp Fix a lot of typos and misspellings 2016-01-08 20:04:56 +00:00
wiretap Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
writecap *Always* write out the trailing pcapng block total length in host byte order. 2017-07-21 12:59:28 +00:00
wsutil plugins: Move the build dir scanning code to a separate function 2017-09-26 20:56:03 +00:00
.editorconfig Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
.gitattributes Ensure that run_and_catch_crashes has UNIX/POSIX line endings 2015-06-04 21:06:12 +00:00
.gitignore Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
.gitlab-ci.yml gitlab-ci: add gcc 7. 2017-08-18 19:04:36 +00:00
.mailmap .mailmap: update (of August) 2017-09-10 13:01:15 +00:00
.travis.yml travis: fix build with osx (macOS) 2017-07-05 19:14:44 +00:00
AUTHORS .mailmap: update (of August) 2017-09-10 13:01:15 +00:00
AUTHORS.src extcap: Interface Toolbar support on Windows 2017-08-28 05:48:01 +00:00
CMakeLists.txt Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
CMakeListsCustom.txt.example Add modelines 2016-06-19 08:40:16 +00:00
CMakeOptions.txt cmake: Add option to disable -Wframe-larger-than 2017-09-17 17:20:34 +00:00
COPYING Always use html2text.py for FAQ, improve output 2015-03-25 07:08:52 +00:00
ChangeLog Build 2.1.1. 2016-07-14 18:14:47 +00:00
ConfigureChecks.cmake Fix the #defines for the presence of structure names. 2016-10-22 09:53:19 +00:00
INSTALL Convert README to README.md. 2017-08-15 14:48:29 +00:00
INSTALL.configure Convert README to README.md. 2017-08-15 14:48:29 +00:00
Makefile.am Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
Makefile.am.inc Remove runlex.sh script, just run lex directly 2017-04-26 21:51:18 +00:00
NEWS Build 2.1.1. 2016-07-14 18:14:47 +00:00
README.bsd Set the minimum Qt version to 4.7. 2015-10-01 22:28:51 +00:00
README.hpux Note that we probably don't support HP-UX. 2017-08-28 16:02:52 +00:00
README.linux Note that newer versions of various distributions won't have these problems. 2017-08-02 07:31:18 +00:00
README.macos Remove trailing white space. 2017-08-02 07:42:38 +00:00
README.md Convert README to README.md. 2017-08-15 14:48:29 +00:00
README.windows Change a lot of http:// URLs to https://. 2015-03-10 19:30:50 +00:00
Vagrantfile Vagrant setup fixes 2015-06-25 15:24:06 +00:00
abi-descriptor.template Fix 'make dumpapi' target 2015-11-23 07:50:57 +00:00
acinclude.m4 autotools: Use package flags to configure libpcap 2017-09-24 12:58:06 +00:00
autogen.sh Get rid of a message that should no longer apply. 2017-04-29 02:56:17 +00:00
capinfos.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
capture_info.c Don't limit capture packet counts to a fixed set of protocols. 2015-12-22 05:23:06 +00:00
capture_info.h Put all the capture dissector structures into epan/capture_dissectors.h. 2017-04-21 19:26:33 +00:00
capture_opts.c Free interface_options elements on cleanup 2017-08-28 16:53:38 +00:00
capture_opts.h iface_lists: Remove locked field 2017-08-28 16:53:32 +00:00
capture_stop_conditions.c plugins: config.h must not be included by public headers 2017-09-06 08:10:56 +00:00
capture_stop_conditions.h Add option to use wall-clock intervals 2017-07-03 16:41:37 +00:00
captype.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
cfile.c Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
cfile.h Update the capture file load time each time we update the progress bar. 2017-06-19 23:49:24 +00:00
cfilters Use MAC address documentation range in filter examples 2015-08-19 08:33:24 +00:00
cmakeconfig.h.in plugins: Fix paths to match WSUG 2017-09-17 16:54:52 +00:00
colorfilters Add proto_tree_add_checksum. 2016-07-21 12:35:22 +00:00
conditions.c plugins: config.h must not be included by public headers 2017-09-06 08:10:56 +00:00
config.guess Update to the latest config.guess and config.sub 2016-06-15 20:50:04 +00:00
config.sub Update to the latest config.guess and config.sub 2016-06-15 20:50:04 +00:00
configure.ac Remove "easy_codec" source 2017-09-26 20:00:16 +00:00
dfilters dfilter: Add membership operator 2015-09-11 06:31:33 +00:00
dftest.c Pull all the "load settings" calls into a epan_load_settings() routine. 2017-04-09 22:40:30 +00:00
dumpcap.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
editcap.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
enterprises.tsv [Automatic update for 2017-09-24] 2017-09-24 08:07:00 +00:00
extcap.c extcap: fix parameters save in preferences file 2017-08-31 04:34:39 +00:00
extcap.h extcap: fix parameters save in preferences file 2017-08-31 04:34:39 +00:00
extcap_parser.c plugins: config.h must not be included by public headers 2017-09-06 08:10:56 +00:00
extcap_parser.h Qt: Add interface toolbar support 2017-04-25 06:19:39 +00:00
extcap_spawn.c extcap: Close control handles when done 2017-08-28 17:13:03 +00:00
extcap_spawn.h extcap: Interface Toolbar support on Windows 2017-08-28 05:48:01 +00:00
file.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
file.h Rename cf_get_comment() to reflect what comment it gets. 2017-07-17 03:49:33 +00:00
fileset.c Clean up conditional code for getting creation time. 2016-10-22 10:18:47 +00:00
frame_tvbuff.c Minimize allocations for frame tvbuffs and Buffers. 2016-07-22 04:18:08 +00:00
log.h Replace tabs by spaces when editor modelines has "expandtab" 2015-02-13 17:34:53 +00:00
make-version.pl Add version.conf to git-export-release. 2017-09-20 11:56:19 +00:00
manuf Remove the OUIs in manuf.tmpl that cause obvious conflicts with IEEE list 2017-09-11 10:27:29 +00:00
manuf.tmpl Remove the OUIs in manuf.tmpl that cause obvious conflicts with IEEE list 2017-09-11 10:27:29 +00:00
mergecap.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
pdml2html.xsl add link to Wireshark wiki to pdml2html.xsl 2016-09-18 17:49:31 +00:00
randpkt.c Clean up handling of enabled/disabled protocols/heuristic dissectors. 2017-04-08 20:40:08 +00:00
rawshark.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
register.h Remove RA_CONFIGURATION. 2017-01-05 02:46:00 +00:00
reordercap.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
ringbuffer.c Put the HAVE_REMOTE hack into wsutil/wspcap.h, and include that file. 2017-05-11 19:58:15 +00:00
ringbuffer.h Don't include "file.h" if you don't need it. 2015-11-04 08:46:30 +00:00
services [Automatic update for 2017-09-10] 2017-09-10 08:06:57 +00:00
sharkd.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
sharkd.h sharkd: fix redundant redeclaration of ‘cfile’ [-Wredundant-decls] 2017-02-24 02:12:20 +00:00
sharkd_daemon.c sharkd: close server file descriptor in child. 2017-09-24 20:35:44 +00:00
sharkd_session.c sharkd: support for frame comments. 2017-09-27 01:56:33 +00:00
summary.c iface_lists: Access all_ifaces member by reference 2017-08-28 14:41:43 +00:00
summary.h Allow bigger snapshot lengths for D-Bus captures. 2017-06-05 05:28:26 +00:00
sync_pipe.h Qt: Add interface toolbar support 2017-04-25 06:19:39 +00:00
sync_pipe_write.c Windows: Remove the need for _CRT_NONSTDC_NO_DEPRECATE. 2016-04-13 02:16:20 +00:00
text2pcap-scanner.l Disable flex-generated [-Wsign-compare] warnings 2017-09-19 10:06:07 +00:00
text2pcap.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
text2pcap.h text2pcap: free memory on exit. 2017-02-28 14:56:36 +00:00
tfshark.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
trigcap.c Put the HAVE_REMOTE hack into wsutil/wspcap.h, and include that file. 2017-05-11 19:58:15 +00:00
tshark.c WSUG: More tools updates. 2017-09-26 21:40:12 +00:00
vagrant_build.sh tools: permit setting BIN_DIR in the environment 2015-06-26 06:52:58 +00:00
vagrant_provision.sh Qt: Initial RTP playback. 2015-10-02 18:26:05 +00:00
version_info.c Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
version_info.h Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
wireshark-gtk.desktop Change "System" category to "Network" in desktop files 2016-03-04 16:07:31 +00:00
wireshark-mime-package.xml A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00
wireshark-qt.cpp Rename "ws_version_info.h", also .c 2017-09-26 17:32:08 +00:00
wireshark.appdata.xml Add an appdata entry for Wireshark. 2015-02-18 01:50:56 +00:00
wireshark.desktop Register a few more file extensions as belonging to Wireshark. 2016-06-01 04:30:19 +00:00
wireshark.pc.in Generate better pkg-config file 2016-01-04 08:15:29 +00:00
wka Put the well-known addresses into a separate file from OUIs 2017-07-23 17:14:19 +00:00
ws_attributes.h plugins: config.h must not be included by public headers 2017-09-06 08:10:56 +00:00
ws_diag_control.h A bunch of "{Mac} OS X" -> "macOS" changes. 2017-04-05 19:16:22 +00:00


General Information

Wireshark is a network traffic analyzer, or "sniffer", for Unix and Unix-like operating systems. It uses Qt, a graphical user interface library, and libpcap, a packet capture and filtering library.

The Wireshark distribution also comes with TShark, which is a line-oriented sniffer (similar to Sun's snoop, or tcpdump) that uses the same dissection, capture-file reading and writing, and packet filtering code as Wireshark, and with editcap, which is a program to read capture files and write the packets from that capture file, possibly in a different capture file format, and with some packets possibly removed from the capture.

The official home of Wireshark is https://www.wireshark.org.

The latest distribution can be found in the subdirectory https://www.wireshark.org/download


The Wireshark project builds and tests regularly on the following platforms:

  • Linux (Ubuntu)
  • Microsoft Windows
  • macOS / {Mac} OS X

Official installation packages are available for Microsoft Windows and macOS.

It is available as either a standard or add-on package for many popular operating sytems and Linux distributions including Debian, Ubuntu, Fedora, CentOS, RHEL, Arch, Gentoo, openSUSE, FreeBSD, DragonFly BSD, NetBSD, and OpenBSD.

Additionaly it is available through many third-party packaging systems such as pkgsrc, OpenCSW, Homebrew, and MacPorts.

It should run on other Unix-ish systems without too much trouble.

In some cases the current version of Wireshark might not support your operating system. This is the case for Windows XP, which is supported by Wireshark 1.10 and earlier. In other cases the standard package for Wireshark might simply be old. This is the case for Solaris and HP-UX.

NOTE: The Makefile depends on GNU "make"; it doesn't appear to work with the "make" that comes with Solaris 7 nor the BSD "make".

Both Perl and Python are needed, the former for building the man pages.

If you decide to modify the yacc grammar or lex scanner, then you need "flex" - it cannot be built with vanilla "lex" - and either "bison" or the Berkeley "yacc". Your flex version must be 2.5.1 or greater. Check this with flex -V.

You must therefore install Perl, Python, GNU "make", "flex", and either "bison" or Berkeley "yacc" on systems that lack them.

Full installation instructions can be found in the INSTALL file and in the Developer's Guide at https://www.wireshark.org/docs/wsdg_html_chunked/

See also the appropriate README.OS files for OS-specific installation instructions.


In order to capture packets from the network, you need to make the dumpcap program set-UID to root, or you need to have access to the appropriate entry under /dev if your system is so inclined (BSD-derived systems, and systems such as Solaris and HP-UX that support DLPI, typically fall into this category). Although it might be tempting to make the Wireshark and TShark executables setuid root, or to run them as root please don't. The capture process has been isolated in dumpcap; this simple program is less likely to contain security holes, and thus safer to run as root.

Please consult the man page for a description of each command-line option and interface feature.

Multiple File Types

The wiretap library is a packet-capture library currently under development parallel to wireshark. In the future it is hoped that wiretap will have more features than libpcap, but wiretap is still in its infancy. However, wiretap is used in wireshark for its ability to read multiple file types. See the Wireshark man page or the Wireshark User's Guide for a list of supported file formats.

In addition, it can read gzipped versions of any of those files automatically, if you have the zlib library available when compiling Wireshark. Wireshark needs a modern version of zlib to be able to use zlib to read gzipped files; version 1.1.3 is known to work. Versions prior to 1.0.9 are missing some functions that Wireshark needs and won't work. ./configure should detect if you have the proper zlib version available and, if you don't, should disable zlib support. You can always use ./configure --disable-zlib to explicitly disable zlib support.

Although Wireshark can read AIX iptrace files, the documentation on AIX's iptrace packet-trace command is sparse. The iptrace command starts a daemon which you must kill in order to stop the trace. Through experimentation it appears that sending a HUP signal to that iptrace daemon causes a graceful shutdown and a complete packet is written to the trace file. If a partial packet is saved at the end, Wireshark will complain when reading that file, but you will be able to read all other packets. If this occurs, please let the Wireshark developers know at wireshark-dev@wireshark.org, and be sure to send us a copy of that trace file if it's small and contains non-sensitive data.

Support for Lucent/Ascend products is limited to the debug trace output generated by the MAX and Pipline series of products. Wireshark can read the output of the wandsession wandisplay, wannext, and wdd commands.

Wireshark can also read dump trace output from the Toshiba "Compact Router" line of ISDN routers (TR-600 and TR-650). You can telnet to the router and start a dump session with snoop dump.

CoSine L2 debug output can also be read by Wireshark. To get the L2 debug output, get in the diags mode first and then use create-pkt-log-profile and apply-pkt-lozg-profile commands under layer-2 category. For more detail how to use these commands, you should examine the help command by layer-2 create ? or layer-2 apply ?.

To use the Lucent/Ascend, Toshiba and CoSine traces with Wireshark, you must capture the trace output to a file on disk. The trace is happening inside the router and the router has no way of saving the trace to a file for you. An easy way of doing this under Unix is to run telnet <ascend> | tee <outfile>. Or, if your system has the "script" command installed, you can save a shell session, including telnet to a file. For example, to a file named tracefile.out:

$ script tracefile.out
Script started on <date/time>
$ telnet router
..... do your trace, then exit from the router's telnet session.
$ exit
Script done on <date/time>

Name Resolution

Wireshark will attempt to use reverse name resolution capabilities when decoding IPv4 and IPv6 packets.

If you want to turn off name resolution while using Wireshark, start Wireshark with the -n option to turn off all name resolution (including resolution of MAC addresses and TCP/UDP/SMTP port numbers to names), or with the -N mt option to turn off name resolution for all network-layer addresses (IPv4, IPv6, IPX).

You can make that the default setting by opening the Preferences dialog box using the Preferences item in the Edit menu, selecting "Name resolution", turning off the appropriate name resolution options, clicking "Save", and clicking "OK".


Wireshark can do some basic decoding of SNMP packets; it can also use the libsmi library to do more sophisticated decoding, by reading MIB files and using the information in those files to display OIDs and variable binding values in a friendlier fashion. The configure script will automatically determine whether you have the libsmi library on your system. If you have the libsmi library but do not want to have Wireshark use it, you can run configure with the --without-libsmi option.

How to Report a Bug

Wireshark is under constant development, so it is possible that you will encounter a bug while using it. Please report bugs at https://bugs.wireshark.org. Be sure you enter into the bug:

  1. The complete build information from the "About Wireshark" item in the Help menu or the output of wireshark -v for Wireshark bugs and the output of tshark -v for TShark bugs;

  2. If the bug happened on Linux, the Linux distribution you were using, and the version of that distribution;

  3. The command you used to invoke Wireshark, if you ran Wireshark from the command line, or TShark, if you ran TShark, and the sequence of operations you performed that caused the bug to appear.

If the bug is produced by a particular trace file, please be sure to attach to the bug a trace file along with your bug description. If the trace file contains sensitive information (e.g., passwords), then please do not send it.

If Wireshark died on you with a 'segmentation violation', 'bus error', 'abort', or other error that produces a UNIX core dump file, you can help the developers a lot if you have a debugger installed. A stack trace can be obtained by using your debugger ('gdb' in this example), the wireshark binary, and the resulting core file. Here's an example of how to use the gdb command 'backtrace' to do so.

$ gdb wireshark core
(gdb) backtrace
..... prints the stack trace
(gdb) quit

The core dump file may be named "wireshark.core" rather than "core" on some platforms (e.g., BSD systems). If you got a core dump with TShark rather than Wireshark, use "tshark" as the first argument to the debugger; the core dump may be named "tshark.core".


There is no warranty, expressed or implied, associated with this product. Use at your own risk.

Gerald Combs gerald@wireshark.org

Gilbert Ramirez gram@alumni.rice.edu

Guy Harris guy@alum.mit.edu