Max 4 years ago
parent 74db47bd06
commit 0f2f040307
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#ifndef _EZPWD_ASSERTER
#define _EZPWD_ASSERTER
#include <algorithm>
#include <cstring>
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <sstream>
namespace ezpwd {
#define ISEQUAL( ... ) isequal(__FILE__, __LINE__, __VA_ARGS__ )
#define ISTRUE( ... ) istrue( __FILE__, __LINE__, __VA_ARGS__ )
#define ISFALSE( ... ) isfalse(__FILE__, __LINE__, __VA_ARGS__ )
#define ISNEAR( ... ) isnear( __FILE__, __LINE__, __VA_ARGS__ )
#define FAILURE( ... ) failure(__FILE__, __LINE__, __VA_ARGS__ )
struct asserter {
bool failed; // The last test failed
int failures; // Total number of failures
std::string out; // Last failure
asserter()
: failed( false )
, failures( 0 )
, out()
{
;
}
//
// output( <std::ostream> ) -- Output description of last failed test (or nothing if successful)
// <std::ostream> << <asserter>
//
std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
const
{
return lhs << out;
}
//
// (bool) <asserter> -- Return status of last test
//
operator bool()
{
return failed;
}
template < typename T >
asserter &istrue( const char *file, int line, const T &a, const std::string &comment = std::string() )
{
return isequal( file, line, !!a, true, comment );
}
template < typename T >
asserter &isfalse( const char *file, int line, const T &a, const std::string &comment = std::string() )
{
return isequal( file, line, !!a, false, comment );
}
template < typename T >
asserter &isequal( const char *file, int line, const T &a, const T &b, const std::string &comment = std::string() )
{
if ( ! ( a == b )) {
std::ostringstream oss;
oss << a << " != " << b;
return failure( file, line, oss.str(), comment );
}
return success();
}
template < typename T >
asserter &isnear( const char *file, int line, const T &a, const T &b, const T &delta, const std::string &comment = std::string() )
{
T difference;
difference = ( a < b
? T( b - a )
: T( a - b ));
if ( ! ( difference < ( delta < T( 0 ) ? T( -delta ) : T( delta )))) {
std::ostringstream oss;
oss << std::setprecision( 13 ) << a << " != " << b << " +/- " << delta;
return failure( file, line, oss.str(), comment );
}
return success();
}
asserter &failure( const char *file, int line, const std::string &comparison,
const std::string &comment = std::string() )
{
++failures;
const char *needle = "/";
const char *slash = std::find_end( file, file + strlen( file ),
needle, needle + strlen( needle ));
if ( slash == file + strlen( file ))
slash = file;
else
slash += 1;
std::ostringstream oss;
oss
<< std::setw( 24 ) << slash << ", "
<< std::setw( -5 ) << line
<< "; FAILURE: " << comparison
<< ( comment.size() ? ": " : "" ) << comment
<< std::endl;
out = oss.str();
failed = true;
return *this;
}
asserter &success()
{
out.clear();
failed = false;
return *this;
}
}; // class asserter
} // namespace ezpwd
std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
ezpwd::asserter &rhs )
{
return rhs.output( lhs );
}
#endif // _EZPWD_ARRAY

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/*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon -- Reed-Solomon encoder / decoder library
*
* Copyright (c) 2017, Hard Consulting Corporation.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
* the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version. See the LICENSE file at the top of the
* source tree. Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is also available under Commercial license. The Djelic BCH code
* under djelic/ and the c++/ezpwd/bch_base wrapper is redistributed under the terms of the GPLv2+,
* regardless of the overall licensing terms.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
* without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
* the GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
#ifndef _EZPWD_BCH
#define _EZPWD_BCH
#include <sstream>
#include "rs_base" // Basic DEBUG, EZPWD_... preprocessor stuff, ezpwd::log_, etc.
#include "bch_base"
namespace ezpwd {
//
// ezpwd::bch_base -- Interface to underlying Djelic Linux Kernel API
// ezpwd::bch<SYMBOLS, CORRECTION> -- General BCH codec types; min. CORRECTION capacity, undefined PAYLOAD
//
// These implementations retain the original Djelic Linux Kernel API; specifically, they find
// a BCH codec of the given Galois order M (ie. has codewords of size 2**M-1), and at least the
// target bit-error correction capacity T. They may correct more than T errors, and the number
// of parity ECC bits will be selected by the algorithm. You need to compute the maximum
// non-parity payload by computing _bch->n - _bch->ecc_bits.
//
// The data and parity bits must always be on separate blocks of int8_t/uint8_t-sized data
// in the container. This is required because the underlying API must break the data and parity
// out as separate arrays for processing. So, if the computed ecc_bits is not evenly divisible
// by 8, some care must be taken to ensure that it is packed into exactly ecc_bytes of data at
// the end of the supplied container. Alternatively, it can be kept in a separate container.
// This is probably safest, as the bch_base/bch/BCH classes will never attempt to resize the
// data/parity containers when supplied separately.
//
// Like the Reed-Solomon APIs, the bch_base/bch/BCH APIs will alter the size of a variable
// container in encode(...), to add the BCH ECC "parity" data (eg. std::vector, std::string).
// Fixed containers (eg. std::array) are never resized, and it is assumed that ecc_bytes of
// parity data exist at the end of the container.
//
class bch_base {
public:
ezpwd::bch_control *_bch;
bch_base( const bch_base & ) = delete; // no copy-constructor
bch_base(
size_t m,
size_t t,
unsigned int prim_poly = 0 )
: _bch( ezpwd::init_bch( int( m ), int( t ), prim_poly ))
{
;
}
virtual ~bch_base()
{
ezpwd::free_bch( this->_bch );
}
size_t ecc_bytes()
const
{
return _bch->ecc_bytes;
}
size_t ecc_bits()
const
{
return _bch->ecc_bits;
}
size_t t()
const
{
return _bch->t;
}
//
// <ostream> << bch_base -- output codec in standard BCH( N, N-ECC, T ) form
//
virtual std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
const
{
return lhs << *this->_bch;
}
//
// encode -- container interfaces
//
// Returns number of ECC *bits* initialized (to be consistent w/ decode, which returns
// number of bit errors corrected).
//
int encode(
std::string &data )
const
{
typedef uint8_t uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
data.resize( data.size() + ecc_bytes() );
return encode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ));
}
int encode(
const std::string &data,
std::string &parity )
const
{
typedef uint8_t uT;
typedef std::pair<const uT *, const uT *>
cuTpair;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
parity.resize( ecc_bytes() );
return encode( cuTpair( (const uT *)&data.front(), (const uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
uTpair( (uT *)&parity.front(), (uT *)&parity.front() + parity.size() ));
}
template < typename T >
int encode(
std::vector<T> &data )
const
{
typedef typename std::make_unsigned<T>::type
uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
data.resize( data.size() + ecc_bytes() );
return encode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ));
}
template < typename T >
int encode(
const std::vector<T>&data,
std::vector<T> &parity )
const
{
typedef typename std::make_unsigned<T>::type
uT;
typedef std::pair<const uT *, const uT *>
cuTpair;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
parity.resize( ecc_bytes() );
return encode( cuTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
uTpair( (uT *)&parity.front(), (uT *)&parity.front() + parity.size() ));
}
template < typename T, size_t N >
int encode(
std::array<T,N> &data,
int pad = 0 ) // ignore 'pad' symbols at start of array
const
{
typedef typename std::make_unsigned<T>::type
uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
return encode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front() + pad, (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ));
}
//
// encode -- denote data+parity or data, parity using pairs of uint8_t iterators
// encode -- base implementation, in terms of uint8_t pointers
//
virtual int encode(
const std::pair<uint8_t *, uint8_t *>
&data )
const
{
return encode( data.first, data.second - data.first - ecc_bytes(), data.second - ecc_bytes() );
}
virtual int encode(
const std::pair<const uint8_t *, const uint8_t *>
&data,
const std::pair<uint8_t *, uint8_t *>
&parity )
const
{
if ( size_t( parity.second - parity.first ) != ecc_bytes() ) {
EZPWD_RAISE_OR_RETURN( std::runtime_error, "BCH: parity length incompatible with number of ECC bytes", -1 );
}
return encode( data.first, data.second - data.first, parity.first );
}
virtual int encode(
const uint8_t *data,
size_t len,
uint8_t *parity )
const
{
memset( parity, 0, ecc_bytes() ); // Djelic encode_bch requires ECC to be initialized to 0
ezpwd::encode_bch( this->_bch, data, len, parity );
return int( ecc_bits() );
}
//
// decode -- container interface, w/ optional corrected bit-error positions reported
//
// Does not correct errors in parity!
//
int decode(
std::string &data,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
typedef uint8_t uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
return decode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
position );
}
int decode(
std::string &data,
std::string &parity,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
typedef uint8_t uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
return decode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
uTpair( (uT *)&parity.front(), (uT *)&parity.front() + parity.size() ),
position );
}
template < typename T >
int decode(
std::vector<T> &data,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
typedef typename std::make_unsigned<T>::type
uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
return decode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
position );
}
template < typename T >
int decode(
std::vector<T> &data,
std::vector<T> &parity,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
typedef typename std::make_unsigned<T>::type
uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
return decode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front(), (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
uTpair( (uT *)&parity.front(), (uT *)&parity.front() + parity.size() ),
position );
}
template < typename T, size_t N >
int decode(
std::array<T,N> &data,
int pad = 0, // ignore 'pad' symbols at start of array
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
typedef typename std::make_unsigned<T>::type
uT;
typedef std::pair<uT *, uT *>
uTpair;
return decode( uTpair( (uT *)&data.front() + pad, (uT *)&data.front() + data.size() ),
position );
}
//
// decode -- denote data+parity or data, parity using pairs of uint8_t iterators
// decode -- decode and correct BCH codeword, returning number of corrections, or -1 if failed
//
// Corrects data in-place (unlike the basic Djelic Linux Kernel API, which only returns
// error positions. For consistency with ezpwd::rs..., we report all error positions as
// std::vector<int>, even though the underlying Djelic API reports them as arrays of
// unsigned int.
//
virtual int decode(
const std::pair<uint8_t *, uint8_t *>
&data,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
return decode( data.first, data.second - data.first - ecc_bytes(), data.second - ecc_bytes(),
position );
}
virtual int decode(
const std::pair<uint8_t *, uint8_t *>
&data,
const std::pair<uint8_t *, uint8_t *>
&parity,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
if ( size_t( parity.second - parity.first ) != ecc_bytes() ) {
EZPWD_RAISE_OR_RETURN( std::runtime_error, "BCH: parity length incompatible with number ECC bytes", -1 );
}
return decode( data.first, data.second - data.first, parity.first,
position );
}
virtual int decode(
uint8_t *data,
size_t len,
uint8_t *parity,
std::vector<int> *position= 0 )
const
{
if ( position )
position->resize( t() * 2 ); // may be able to correct beyond stated capacity!
int corrects = ezpwd::correct_bch(
this->_bch, data, len, parity, 0, 0,
position ? (unsigned int *)&(*position)[0] : 0 );
if ( position && corrects >= 0 )
position->resize( corrects );
return corrects;
}
//
// {en,de}coded -- returns an encoded/corrected copy of the provided container
//
// NOTE:
//
// Must return exceptions on failure; If exceptions inhibited, returns a
// default-constructed instance of the supplied data container. This may be sufficient to
// reliably deduce failure; if not, this interface should not be used.
//
// Overloads decoded to also allow recovery of corrected error positions and count.
//
template <typename C>
C encoded(
C data )
const
{
if ( encode( data ) < 0 )
EZPWD_RAISE_OR_RETURN( std::runtime_error, "BCH: Could not encode data", C() );
return data;
}
template <typename C>
C decoded(
C data )
const
{
if ( decode( data ) < 0 )
EZPWD_RAISE_OR_RETURN( std::runtime_error, "BCH: Could not decode data", C() );
return data;
}
template <typename C>
C decoded(
C data,
std::vector<int> &position )
const
{
if ( decode( data, &position ) < 0 )
EZPWD_RAISE_OR_RETURN( std::runtime_error, "BCH: Could not decode data", C() );
return data;
}
}; // class bch_base
template < size_t SYMBOLS, size_t CORRECTION >
class bch
: public bch_base
{
public:
bch()
: bch_base( ezpwd::log_<SYMBOLS + 1>::value, CORRECTION )
{
;
}
virtual ~bch()
{
;
}
}; // class bch
//
// std::ostream << ezpwd::bch_base
//
// Output a BCH codec description in standard form eg. BCH( 255, 239, 2 )
//
inline
std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
const ezpwd::bch_base
&rhs )
{
return rhs.output( lhs );
}
//
// ezpwd::BCH<SYMBOLS, PAYLOAD, CAPACITY> -- Standard BCH codec types
//
// Specify and create a standard BCH codec with exactly the specified capacities. We create
// the undering BCH codec using SYMBOLS and CORRECTION capacity; the actual correction capacity
// T, the number of PARITY bits and hence PAYLOAD (CAPACITY - PARITY) is selected automatically
// by the underlying Djelic Linux Kernel BCH codec API. For this interface, we demand that the
// caller *knows* all of these values at compile time, however, mostly for future optimization
// purposes. We validate them, and fail the constructor if they don't match. See bch_test for
// an enumeration of all possible BCH codecs.
//
// In the future, this API may be re-implemented to not use the generic BCH API, but a more
// optimized locally-defined implementation that leverages the fixed SYMBOLS, PAYLOAD and
// CORRECTION capacities to produce more optimal code.
//
template < size_t SYMBOLS, size_t PAYLOAD, size_t CORRECTION >
class BCH
: public bch<SYMBOLS, CORRECTION>
{
public:
static const size_t M = ezpwd::log_<SYMBOLS + 1>::value; // Galois field order; eg. 255 --> 8
static const size_t N = SYMBOLS;
static const size_t T = CORRECTION;
static const size_t LOAD = PAYLOAD;
BCH()
: bch<SYMBOLS, CORRECTION>()
{
if ( this->_bch->t != T || this->_bch->n != N
|| this->_bch->n - this->_bch->ecc_bits != LOAD ) {
std::ostringstream err;
this->output( err )
<< " specified doesn't match underlying " << *this->_bch << " produced.";
EZPWD_RAISE_OR_ABORT( std::runtime_error, err.str().c_str() );
}
}
virtual ~BCH()
{
;
}
//
// <ostream> << BCH<...> -- output codec in standard BCH( N, N-ECC, T ) form
//
virtual std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
const
{
return lhs
<< "BCH( " << std::setw( 3 ) << N
<< ", " << std::setw( 3 ) << LOAD
<< ", " << std::setw( 3 ) << T
<< " )";
}
}; // class BCH
//
// std::ostream << ezpwd::BCH<...>
//
// Output a BCH codec description in standard form eg. BCH( 255, 239, 2 )
//
// NOTE: clang/gcc disagree on the scoping of operator<< template/non-template functions...
//
template <size_t SYMBOLS, size_t PAYLOAD, size_t CORRECTION>
inline
std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
const ezpwd::BCH<SYMBOLS, PAYLOAD, CORRECTION>
&rhs )
{
return rhs.output( lhs );
}
} // namespace ezpwd
#endif // _EZPWD_BCH

@ -0,0 +1,219 @@
/*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon -- Reed-Solomon encoder / decoder library
*
* Copyright (c) 2017, Hard Consulting Corporation.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
* the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version. See the LICENSE file at the top of the
* source tree. Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is also available under Commercial license. The Djelic BCH code
* under djelic/ and the c++/ezpwd/bch_base wrapper is redistributed under the terms of the GPLv2+,
* regardless of the overall licensing terms.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
* without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
* the GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
#ifndef _EZPWD_BCH_BASE
#define _EZPWD_BCH_BASE
#include <iostream>
#include <iomanip>
#include <vector>
//
// Presently, we simply import the Linux Kernel's "C" BCH API directly into the ezpwd:: namespace In
// order to compile, you must (at least) run "make djelic" in the base directory of the
// https://github.com/pjkundert/bch.git repo.
//
namespace ezpwd {
/**
* struct bch_control - BCH control structure
* @m: Galois field order
* @n: maximum codeword size in bits (= 2^m-1)
* @t: error correction capability in bits
* @ecc_bits: ecc exact size in bits, i.e. generator polynomial degree (<=m*t)
* @ecc_bytes: ecc max size (m*t bits) in bytes
* @a_pow_tab: Galois field GF(2^m) exponentiation lookup table
* @a_log_tab: Galois field GF(2^m) log lookup table
* @mod8_tab: remainder generator polynomial lookup tables
* @ecc_buf: ecc parity words buffer
* @ecc_buf2: ecc parity words buffer
* @xi_tab: GF(2^m) base for solving degree 2 polynomial roots
* @syn: syndrome buffer
* @cache: log-based polynomial representation buffer
* @elp: error locator polynomial
* @poly_2t: temporary polynomials of degree 2t
*/
/**
* init_bch - initialize a BCH encoder/decoder
* @m: Galois field order, should be in the range 5-15
* @t: maximum error correction capability, in bits
* @prim_poly: user-provided primitive polynomial (or 0 to use default)
*
* Returns:
* a newly allocated BCH control structure if successful, NULL otherwise
*
* This initialization can take some time, as lookup tables are built for fast
* encoding/decoding; make sure not to call this function from a time critical
* path. Usually, init_bch() should be called on module/driver init and
* free_bch() should be called to release memory on exit.
*
* You may provide your own primitive polynomial of degree @m in argument
* @prim_poly, or let init_bch() use its default polynomial.
*
* Once init_bch() has successfully returned a pointer to a newly allocated
* BCH control structure, ecc length in bytes is given by member @ecc_bytes of
* the structure.
*/
/**
* encode_bch - calculate BCH ecc parity of data
* @bch: BCH control structure
* @data: data to encode
* @len: data length in bytes
* @ecc: ecc parity data, must be initialized by caller
*
* The @ecc parity array is used both as input and output parameter, in order to
* allow incremental computations. It should be of the size indicated by member
* @ecc_bytes of @bch, and should be initialized to 0 before the first call.
*
* The exact number of computed ecc parity bits is given by member @ecc_bits of
* @bch; it may be less than m*t for large values of t.
*/
/**
* decode_bch - decode received codeword and find bit error locations
* @bch: BCH control structure
* @data: received data, ignored if @calc_ecc is provided
* @len: data length in bytes, must always be provided
* @recv_ecc: received ecc, if NULL then assume it was XORed in @calc_ecc
* @calc_ecc: calculated ecc, if NULL then calc_ecc is computed from @data
* @syn: hw computed syndrome data (if NULL, syndrome is calculated)
* @errloc: output array of error locations
*
* Returns:
* The number of errors found, or -EBADMSG if decoding failed, or -EINVAL if
* invalid parameters were provided
*
* Depending on the available hw BCH support and the need to compute @calc_ecc
* separately (using encode_bch()), this function should be called with one of
* the following parameter configurations -
*
* by providing @data and @recv_ecc only:
* decode_bch(@bch, @data, @len, @recv_ecc, NULL, NULL, @errloc)
*
* by providing @recv_ecc and @calc_ecc:
* decode_bch(@bch, NULL, @len, @recv_ecc, @calc_ecc, NULL, @errloc)
*
* by providing ecc = recv_ecc XOR calc_ecc:
* decode_bch(@bch, NULL, @len, NULL, ecc, NULL, @errloc)
*
* by providing syndrome results @syn:
* decode_bch(@bch, NULL, @len, NULL, NULL, @syn, @errloc)
*
* Once decode_bch() has successfully returned with a positive value, error
* locations returned in array @errloc should be interpreted as follows -
*
* if (errloc[n] >= 8*len), then n-th error is located in ecc (no need for
* data correction)
*
* if (errloc[n] < 8*len), then n-th error is located in data and can be
* corrected with statement data[errloc[n]/8] ^= 1 << (errloc[n] % 8);
*
* Note that this function does not perform any data correction by itself, it
* merely indicates error locations.
*/
/**
* init_bch - initialize a BCH encoder/decoder
* @m: Galois field order, should be in the range 5-15
* @t: maximum error correction capability, in bits
* @prim_poly: user-provided primitive polynomial (or 0 to use default)
*
* Returns:
* a newly allocated BCH control structure if successful, NULL otherwise
*
* This initialization can take some time, as lookup tables are built for fast
* encoding/decoding; make sure not to call this function from a time critical
* path. Usually, init_bch() should be called on module/driver init and
* free_bch() should be called to release memory on exit.
*
* You may provide your own primitive polynomial of degree @m in argument
* @prim_poly, or let init_bch() use its default polynomial.
*
* Once init_bch() has successfully returned a pointer to a newly allocated
* BCH control structure, ecc length in bytes is given by member @ecc_bytes of
* the structure.
*/
extern "C" {
#include "../../djelic_bch.h"
}
//
// correct_bch -- corrects data (but not parity!), as suggested by decode_bch, above
//
// A convenience interface that defaults all of the not strictly required parameters, and
// automatically corrects bit-errors in data *and* the supplied parity. Does not attempt to
// correct bit errors found in the parity data. If not supplied, 'errloc' is allocated
// internally; otherwise, it is assumed to be of at least size bch->t (the minimum error
// correction capacity of the BCH codec).
//
// However, beware -- at larger values of T, the actual correction capacity of the BCH codec
// could be greater than the requested T. Therefore, it is recommended that you always supply a
// larger than required errloc array; recommend T*2?
//
inline
int correct_bch(
struct bch_control *bch,
uint8_t *data,
unsigned int len,
uint8_t *recv_ecc,
const uint8_t *calc_ecc= 0,
const unsigned int *syn = 0,
unsigned int *errloc = 0 ) // must be sized at least bch->t; often, greater!
{
unsigned int _errloc[511]; // much larger than the correction capacity of largest supported BCH codec
if ( ! errloc )
errloc = _errloc;
int err = decode_bch( bch, data, len, recv_ecc, calc_ecc, syn, errloc );
if ( err > 0 ) {
// A +'ve number of bit-error correction locations were found
for ( int n = 0; n < err; ++n ) {
/**
* if (errloc[n] < 8*len), then n-th error is located in data and can be corrected
* with statement data[errloc[n]/8] ^= 1 << (errloc[n] % 8). If in the parity, it
* is assumed to be located at the end of the data, so offset by 'len' bytes.
*/
if ( errloc[n] < 8*len ) {
data[errloc[n] / 8] ^= 1 << ( errloc[n] % 8 );
} else if ( recv_ecc && errloc[n] < 8 * len + 8 * bch->ecc_bytes ) {
recv_ecc[errloc[n] / 8 - len]
^= 1 << ( errloc[n] % 8 );
}
}
}
return err;
}
//
// <ostream> << <ezpwd::bch_control> -- output codec in standard BCH( N, N-ECC, T ) form
//
inline
std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
const ezpwd::bch_control
&bch )
{
return lhs
<< "BCH( " << std::setw( 3 ) << bch.n
<< ", " << std::setw( 3 ) << bch.n - bch.ecc_bits
<< ", " << std::setw( 3 ) << bch.t
<< " )";
}
} // namespace ezpwd
#endif // _EZPWD_BCH_BASE

@ -0,0 +1,506 @@
/*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon -- Reed-Solomon encoder / decoder library
*
* Copyright (c) 2014, Hard Consulting Corporation.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
* the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version. See the LICENSE file at the top of the
* source tree. Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is also available under Commercial license. c++/ezpwd/rs_base
* is redistributed under the terms of the LGPL, regardless of the overall licensing terms.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
* without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
* the GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
#ifndef _EZPWD_CORRECTOR
#define _EZPWD_CORRECTOR
#include "rs"
#include "serialize"
namespace ezpwd {
//
// best_avg -- collect <password>,<confidence> guesses, and return the unambiguous best one
//
typedef std::map<std::string, std::pair<int, int>> // (<password>, (<count>, <avgsum>))
best_avg_base_t;
class best_avg
: public best_avg_base_t
{
public:
using best_avg_base_t::begin;
using best_avg_base_t::end;
using best_avg_base_t::insert;
using best_avg_base_t::find;
using best_avg_base_t::iterator;
using best_avg_base_t::const_iterator;
using best_avg_base_t::value_type;
using best_avg_base_t::mapped_type;
//
// add -- add the given pct to the current average for <string> str
//
iterator add(
const std::string &str,
int pct )
{
iterator i = find( str );
if ( i == end() )
i = insert( i, value_type( str, mapped_type() ));
i->second.first += 1;
i->second.second += pct;
return i;
}
//
// best -- return the unambiguously best value (average is >, or == but longer), or end()
//
const_iterator best()
const
{
const_iterator top = end();
bool uni = false;
for ( const_iterator i = begin(); i != end(); ++i ) {
if ( top == end()
or i->second.second/i->second.first > top->second.second/top->second.first
or ( i->second.second/i->second.first == top->second.second/top->second.first
and i->first.size() > top->first.size())) {
top = i;
uni = true;
} else if ( i->second.second/i->second.first == top->second.second/top->second.first
and i->first.size() == top->first.size()) {
uni = false;
}
}
return uni ? top : end();
}
//
// evaluation -- process a (<password>,(<count>,<avgsum>)) into (<average>,<password>)
// sort -- return a multimap indexed by <average> --> <string>
// output -- output the <string>: <average>, sorted by average
//
static std::pair<const int,const std::string &>
evaluation( const value_type &val )
{
return std::pair<const int,const std::string &>( val.second.second/val.second.first, val.first );
}
typedef std::multimap<const int,const std::string &>
sorted_t;
sorted_t sort()
const
{
sorted_t dst;
std::transform( begin(), end(), std::inserter( dst, dst.begin() ), evaluation );
return dst;
}
std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
const
{
for ( auto i : sort() )
lhs << std::setw( 16 ) << i.second
<< ": " << std::setw( 3 ) << i.first
<< std::endl;
return lhs;
}
};
} // namespace ezpwd
std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
const ezpwd::best_avg &rhs )
{
return rhs.output( lhs );
}
namespace ezpwd {
//
// ezpwd::corrector -- Apply statistical corrections to a string, returning the confidence
//
// All methods are static; no instance is required, as this is primarily used to create
// external language APIs.
//
template <
size_t PARITY,
size_t N = 64,
typename SERIAL = serialize::base< N, serialize::ezpwd< N >>>
class corrector {
public:
static
std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
{
lhs << "corrector<PARITY=" << PARITY << ",N=" << N << ",SERIAL=" << SERIAL() << ">";
return lhs;
}
//
// parity(<string>) -- Returns 'PARITY' base-N symbols of R-S parity to the supplied password
//
static std::string parity(
const std::string &password )
{
std::string parity;
rscodec.encode( password, parity );
SERIAL::encode( parity );
return parity;
}
//
// encode(<string>) -- append PARITY base-N parity symbols to password
//
// The supplied password buffer size must be sufficient to contain PARITY additional
// symbols, plus the terminating NUL. Returns the resultant encoded password size
// (excluding the NUL).
//
static size_t encode(
std::string &password )
{
password += parity( password );
return password.size();
}
static size_t encode(
char *password,
size_t size ) // maximum available size
{
size_t len = ::strlen( password ); // length w/o terminating NUL
if ( len + PARITY + 1 > size )
throw std::runtime_error( "ezpwd::rspwd::encode password buffer has insufficient capacity" );
std::string par = parity( std::string( password, password + len ));
if ( par.size() != PARITY )
throw std::runtime_error( "ezpwd::rspwd::encode computed parity with incorrect size" );
std::copy( par.begin(), par.end(), password + len );
len += PARITY;
password[len] = 0;
return len;
}
//
// decode(<string>[,...]) -- Applies R-S error correction on the encoded string, removing parity
//
// Up to 'PARITY' Reed-Solomon parity symbols are examined, to determine if the supplied
// string is a valid R-S codeword and hence very likely to be correct. Optionally supply a
// vector of erasure positions.
//
// An optional 'minimum' final password length may be provided; no R-S parity is assumed
// to exist in the first 'minimum' password characters (default: PARITY). This prevents
// accidentally finding valid R-S codewords in passwords of known minimum length; validation
// codes, for example. Likewise, the optional 'maximum' allows us to limit the number of
// parity symbols that may be assumed to be missing from the end of the codeword.
//
// Returns a confidence strength rating, which is the ratio:
//
// 100 - ( errors * 2 + erasures ) * 100 / parity
//
// if an R-S codeword was solved, and 0 otherwise. If a codeword is solved, but the number
// of errors and erasures corrected indicates that all parity was consumed, the caller may
// opt to not use the corrected string, because there is a chance that our R-S polynomial
// was overwhelmed with errors and actually returned an incorrect codeword. Therefore,
// solving a codeword using all available parity results in 100 - PARITY * 100 / PARITY ==
// 0, which indicates that there is no certainty of correctness; all R-S parity resources
// were used in error/erasure recover, with none left to confirm that the result is actually
// correct. If only zero-strength results are achieved, the longest will be returned (the
// full, original string).
//
// Supports the following forms of error/erasure:
//
// 0) Full parity. All data and parity supplied, and an R-S codeword is solved.
//
// 1) Partial parity. All data and some parity supplied; remainder are deemed erasures.
//
// If PARITY > 2, then up to PARITY/2-1 trailing parity terms are marked as erasures.
// If the R-S codeword is solved and a safe number of errors are found, then we can have
// reasonable confidence that the string is correct.
//
// 1a) Erase errors. Permute the combinations of up to PARITY-1 erasures.
//
// o) Raw password. No parity terms supplied; not an R-S codeword
//
// If none of the error/erasure forms succeed, the password is returned unmodified.
//
// If a non-zero 'minimum' or 'maximum' are provided, they constrain the possible
// resultant password sizes that will be attempted.
//
static
int decode(
std::string &password,
const std::vector<int>
&erasures,
size_t minimum = PARITY,//always deemed at least 1
size_t maximum = 0 ) // if 0, no limit
{
int confidence;
best_avg best;
// Full/Partial parity. Apply some parity erasure if we have some erasure/correction
// capability while maintaining at least one excess parity symbol for verification.
// This can potentially result in longer password being returned, if the R-S decoder
// accidentally solves a codeword.
//
// For example, if PARITY=3 (or 4) then (PARITY+1)/2 == 2, and we would only attempt up
// to 1 parity erasure. This would leave 1 parity symbol to replace the 1 erasure, and
// 1 remaining to validate the integrity of the password.
//
// The password must be long enough to contain at least 1 non-parity symbol, and the
// designated number of non-erased parity symbols! However, by convention we'll demand
// that the password contain at least PARITY symbols -- any less, and we can
// accidentally correct the few remaining password symbols.
//
// Also, if any parity symbols won't decode (eg. were entered in error), we must deem
// them to be erasures, too, and if the number of erasures exceeds the capacity of the
// R-S codec, it'll fail (throw an exception, or at best solve with 0 confidence).
for ( size_t era = 0 // how many parity symbols to deem erased
; era < (PARITY+1)/2
; ++era ) {
if ( password.size() < ( minimum ? minimum : 1 ) + PARITY - era ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Rejected too short password \""
<< password << std::string( era, '_' )
<< "\"" << " (" << era << " parity skipped)"
<< std::endl;
#endif
continue; // too few password symbols to start checking parity
}
if ( maximum and password.size() > maximum + PARITY - era ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Rejected too long password \""
<< password << std::string( era, '_' )
<< "\"" << " (" << era << " parity skipped)"
<< std::endl;
#endif
continue; // too few parity symbols erased to start checking parity
}
// Copy password, adding 'era' additional NULs
std::string fixed( password.size() + era, 0 );
std::copy( password.begin(), password.end(), fixed.begin() );
// Decode the base-N parity, denoting any invalid (mistyped or trailing NUL) symbols
// as erasures (adjust erasure offsets to be from start of password, not start of
// parity). All newly added 'era' symbols will be NUL, and will be invalid. After
// decoding parity, if we've slipped below our minimum R-S capacity threshold
// (ie. because of mistyped parity symbols), don't attempt.
std::vector<int> all_era;
SERIAL::decode( fixed.begin() + fixed.size() - PARITY,
fixed.begin() + fixed.size(), &all_era, 0,
serialize::ws_invalid, serialize::pd_invalid );
if ( all_era.size() >= (PARITY+1)/2 ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Rejected low parity password \""
<< password << std::string( era, '_' )
<< "\"" << " (" << all_era.size() << " parity erasures + "
<< era << " skipped)"
<< std::endl;
#endif
continue; // Too many missing parity symbols
}
if ( all_era.size() + erasures.size() > PARITY ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Rejected hi erasure password \""
<< password << std::string( era, '_' )
<< "\"" << " (" << all_era.size() + erasures.size() << " total erasures + "
<< era << " skipped)"
<< std::endl;
#endif
continue; // Total erasures beyond capacity
}
for ( auto &o : all_era )
o += fixed.size() - PARITY;
std::copy( erasures.begin(), erasures.end(), std::back_inserter( all_era ));
// Enough parity to try to decode. A successful R-S decode with 0 (remaining)
// confidence indicates a successfully validated R-S codeword! Use it (ex. parity).
try {
std::vector<int> position;
int corrects= rscodec.decode( fixed, all_era, &position );
confidence = strength<PARITY>( corrects, all_era, position );
fixed.resize( fixed.size() - PARITY );
if ( confidence >= 0 )
best.add( fixed, confidence );
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Reed-Solomon w/ " << era << " of " << PARITY
<< " parity erasures " << std::setw( 3 ) << confidence
<< "% confidence: \"" << password
<< "\" ==> \"" << fixed
<< "\" (corrects: " << corrects
<< ", erasures at " << all_era
<< ", fixed at " << position << "): "
<< std::endl
<< best;
#endif
} catch ( std::exception &exc ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 2 // should see only when ezpwd::reed_solomon<...>::decode fails
output( std::cout ) << " invalid part parity password: " << exc.what() << std::endl;
#endif
}
}
// Partial parity, but below threshold for usable error detection. For the first 1 to
// (PARITY+1)/2 parity symbols (eg. for PARITY == 3, (PARITY+1)/2 == 1 ), we cannot
// perform meaningful error or erasure detection. However, if we see that the terminal
// symbols match the R-S symbols we expect from a correct password, we'll ascribe a
// partial confidence due to the matching parity symbols.
//
// password: sock1t
// w/ 3 parity: sock1tkeB
// password ----^^^^^^
// ^^^--- parity
//
for ( size_t era = (PARITY+1)/2 // how many parity symbols are not present
; era < PARITY
; ++era ) {
if ( password.size() < ( minimum ? minimum : 1 ) + PARITY - era ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Rejected too short password \""
<< password << std::string( era, '_' )
<< "\""
<< std::endl;
#endif
continue; // too few password symbols to start checking parity
}
if ( maximum and password.size() > maximum + PARITY - era ) {
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Rejected too long password \""
<< password << std::string( era, '_' )
<< "\"" << " (" << era << " parity skipped)"
<< std::endl;
#endif
continue; // too few parity symbols erased to start checking parity
}
std::string fixed = password;
size_t len = password.size() - ( PARITY - era );
fixed.resize( len );
encode( fixed );
auto differs = std::mismatch( fixed.begin(), fixed.end(), password.begin() );
size_t par_equ = differs.second - password.begin();
if ( par_equ < len || par_equ > len + PARITY )
throw std::runtime_error( "miscomputed R-S parity matching length" );
par_equ -= len;
// At least one parity symbol is requires to give any confidence
if ( par_equ > 0 ) {
std::string basic( fixed.begin(), fixed.begin() + len );
confidence = par_equ * 100 / PARITY; // each worth a normal parity symbol
best.add( basic, confidence );
#if defined( DEBUG ) && DEBUG >= 1
output( std::cout )
<< " Check Chars. w/ " << era << " of " << PARITY
<< " parity missing " << std::setw( 3 ) << confidence
<< "% confidence: \"" << password
<< "\" ==> \"" << basic
<< " (from computed: \"" << fixed << "\")"
<< ": "
<< std::endl
<< best;
#endif
}
}
// Select the best guess and return its confidence. Otherwise, use raw password? If no
// error/erasure attempts succeeded (if no 'best' w/ confidence >= 0), then we'll use
// the raw password w/ 0 confidence, if it meets the minimum/maximum length
// requirements.
confidence = -1;
if ( password.size() >= ( minimum ? minimum : 1 )
and ( maximum == 0 or password.size() <= maximum ))
confidence = 0;
typename best_avg::const_iterator
bi = best.best();
#if defined( DEBUG )
output( std::cout )
<< " Selected " << ( bi != best.end() ? "corrected" : "unmodified" )
<< " password \"" << ( bi != best.end() ? bi->first : password )
<< "\" of length " << ( minimum ? minimum : 1) << "-" << maximum
<< " (vs. \"" << password
<< "\") w/ confidence " << (bi != best.end() ? bi->second.second : confidence )
<< "%, from: "
<< std::endl
<< best;
#endif
if ( bi != best.end() ) {
auto better = best.evaluation( *bi ); // --> (<average>,<password>)
password = better.second;
confidence = better.first;
}
return confidence;
}
static
int decode(
std::string &password,
size_t minimum = PARITY,
size_t maximum = 0 )
{
return decode( password, std::vector<int>(), minimum, maximum );
}
//
// decode(<char*>,<size_t>,<size_t>,<size_t>) -- C interface to decode(<string>)
//
// Traditional C interface. The provided NUL-terminated password+parity is decoded
// (parity removed), and the confidence % is returned.
//
// If any failure occurs, a -'ve value will be returned, and the supplied password
// buffer will be used to contain an error description.
//
static int decode(
char *password, // NUL terminated
size_t siz, // available size
size_t minimum = PARITY,//minimum resultant password length
size_t maximum = 0 ) // maximum ''
{
std::string corrected( password );
int confidence;
try {
confidence = decode( corrected, minimum, maximum );
if ( corrected.size() + 1 > siz )
throw std::runtime_error( "password buffer has insufficient capacity" );
std::copy( corrected.begin(), corrected.end(), password );
password[corrected.size()] = 0;
} catch ( std::exception &exc ) {
confidence = -1;
ezpwd::streambuf_to_buffer sbf( password, siz );
std::ostream( &sbf ) << "corrector<" << PARITY << "> failed: " << exc.what();
}
return confidence;
}
//
// rscodec -- A ?-bit RS(N-1,N-1-PARITY) Reed-Solomon codec
//
// Encodes and decodes R-S symbols over the lower 6 bits of the supplied data. Requires
// that the last N (parity) symbols of the data are in the range [0,63]. The excess bits on
// the data symbols are masked and restored during decoding.
//
static const ezpwd::RS<N-1,N-1-PARITY>
rscodec;
};
template < size_t PARITY, size_t N, typename SERIAL >
const ezpwd::RS<N-1,N-1-PARITY>
corrector<PARITY,N,SERIAL>::rscodec;
} // namespace ezpwd
template < size_t PARITY, size_t N, typename SERIAL >
std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
const ezpwd::corrector<PARITY,N,SERIAL>
&rhs )
{
return rhs.output( lhs );
}
#endif // _EZPWD_CORRECTOR

@ -0,0 +1,9 @@
//
// C++ Definitions -- include once in a single C++ compilation unit
//
#ifndef _EZPWD_DEFINITIONS
#define _EZPWD_DEFINITIONS
#include "serialize_definitions"
#endif // _EZPWD_DEFINITIONS

@ -0,0 +1,725 @@
/*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon -- Reed-Solomon encoder / decoder library
*
* Copyright (c) 2014, Hard Consulting Corporation.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is free software: you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
* the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation, either version 3 of
* the License, or (at your option) any later version. See the LICENSE file at the top of the
* source tree. Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is also available under Commercial license. c++/ezpwd/rs_base
* is redistributed under the terms of the LGPL, regardless of the overall licensing terms.
*
* Ezpwd Reed-Solomon is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY;
* without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See
* the GNU General Public License for more details.
*/
#ifndef _EZPWD_EZCOD
#define _EZPWD_EZCOD
#include <math.h> // M_PI
#include <cmath>
#include <cctype>
#include <cstdint>
#include <ezpwd/rs>
#include <ezpwd/output>
#include <ezpwd/serialize>
//
// EZCOD 3:10 location code w/ Reed-Solomon Error Correction, and average 3m accuracy
//
// - each successive symbol provides greater precision
// - codes nearby each-other are identical in leading characters
// - average 3m precision achieved in 9 symbols
// - more than 4 base-10 digits of precision in both lat and lon after the decimal
// - from 1 to 3 symbols of Reed-Solomon parity
// - 1 parity symbol supplies validation w/ strength equivalent to a check character
// - 2 parity symbols provides correction of 1 lost symbol (no errors)
// - 3 parity symbols provides correction of any 1 error, with verification,
// or recovery of up to any 3 lost symbols (with no other errors)
//
//
// To achieve at least 4 decimal digits of precision after the decimal point, we must have
// defined lat to within 1 part in 1,800,000, and lon to within 1 part in 3,600,000. As each symbol
// supplies bits, we'll refine the computed lat/lon further, reducing the outstanding fraction of
// "parts" yet to be defined.
//
// bits
// symbols latitude longitude
// bits mul parts bits mul parts
// 1 2 4 4 3 8 8
// 2 2 4 16 3 8 64
// 3 3 8 128 2 4 256 // not quite integer lat/lon accuracy
//
// 4 2 4 512 3 8 2,048
// 5 3 8 4,096 2 4 8,192
// 6 2 4 16,384 3 8 65,536
//
// 7 3 8 131,072 2 4 262,144
// 8 2 4 524,288 3 8 2,097,152
// 9 3 8 4,194,304 2 4 8,388,608 parts resolution in 3:10 code
// over [-90, 90] over [-180,180] yields ~3m resolution
//
// vs. 1,800,000 3,600,000 parts resolution in 10:10 code
// over [-90, 90] over [-180,180] yields ~10m resolution
//
// Therefore, within 9 symbols we define lat and lon with better than double the precision of
// 10:10 code's 4 decimal digits after the decimal point. This yields an approximate lineal
// precision of 40,075,000m / 8,388,608 == ~5m in both dimensions at the equator, vs. 40,075,000m /
// 3,600,000 == ~11m for 10:10 codes.
//
// The 10:10 code provides a single check character, which provides about P(1-1/32) certainty
// that the provided code is correct. With EZCOD 3:10/11/12 codes, we provide varying levels of
// detection/correction strength.
//
// - 1 parity symbol: act as a check character (like 10:10 codes), or provide 1 symbol of erasure
// (lost symbol) recovery with no excess parity for validation.
//
// - 2 parity symbols: provide 1 symbol of erasure correction (w/ no other errors) with 1 excess parity
// symbol for validation, or 1 symbol of error detection with no excess parity for validation.
//
// - 3 parity symbols: correct 1 error anywhere w/ 1 excess parity symbol for validation, or up
// to 3 erasures with no excess parity for validation.
//
// Therefore, we'll provide Reed-Solomon RS(31,28-30) error correction (5 bit symbols,
// indicating 31 symbols in the field, and from 1 to 3 roots, therefore up to 28 data symbols in the
// field) over the 9 lat/lon data symbols.
//
//
// MINIMIZING ERROR
//
// Each input lat/lon coordinate will be effectively truncated by the encoding procedure to the
// level of precision (parts) encoded by each symbol. Subsequent symbols then add their (smaller)
// parts to increase precision.
//
// After the last symbol, we know that the actual input coordinates where somewhere
// within the rectangle:
//
// [0,0] -> [0,lon_precision] -> [lat_precision,lon_precision] -> [lat_precision,0]
//
// At first glance, the best way is to perform rounding instead of truncation on ecoding, by
// simply adding 1/2 of the precision. Then, the unmodified output lat/lon decoded represents the
// point nearest actual input coordinate. However, this is NOT ideal. Remember -- the decoding may
// not have access to all the symbols! We want to minimize the error even if only some of the
// symbols are available. Thus, we must apply a correction on decoding.
//
// One way gain rounding instead of truncation on decoding is, after adding the last symbol's
// precision, to add 50% of the value represented by the first bit of the next (missing) symbol's
// precision parts. This would be analogous to receiving the first 2 digits of a 3 digit number:
//
// original: 123
// received: 12_
// range: [120,130)
// guessed: 125 (add 1/2 of the parts represented by the missing digit)
//
// If this is done, then the resulting coordinate would be in the middle of the rectangle of
// possible input lat/lon values that could have resulted in the encoded value. This also works if
// we don't receive and decode all of the symbols; We'll end up with a lat/lon in the middle of the
// (large) rectangle of possible input coordinates.
//
namespace ezpwd {
class ezcod_base {
public:
double latitude; // [-90,+90] angle, degrees
double latitude_error; // total error bar, in meters
double longitude; // [-180,180]
double longitude_error; // total error bar, in meters
double accuracy; // linear accuracy radius, in meters
int confidence; // % parity in excess of last decode
double certainty; // and the associated probability
explicit ezcod_base(
double _lat = 0,
double _lon = 0 )
: latitude( _lat )
, latitude_error( 0 )
, longitude( _lon )
, longitude_error( 0 )
, accuracy( 0 )
, confidence( 100 )
, certainty( 1 )
{
;
}
virtual ~ezcod_base()
{
;
}
typedef std::pair<unsigned char, unsigned char>
symbols_t;
virtual symbols_t symbols()
const
= 0;
virtual std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
const
= 0;
virtual std::string encode(
unsigned _preci = 0 ) // override precision
const
= 0;
virtual int decode(
const std::string &_ezcod )
= 0;
};
} // namespace ezpwd
inline std::ostream &operator<<(
std::ostream &lhs,
const ezpwd::ezcod_base
&rhs )
{
return rhs.output( lhs );
}
namespace ezpwd {
//
// ezcod<P,L> -- defaults to 1 PARITY and 9 location symbols (3m) of PRECISION
//
template < unsigned P=1, unsigned L=9 >
class ezcod
: public ezcod_base {
private:
typedef std::array<symbols_t, 12>
bits_t;
static const bits_t bits;
typedef std::array<std::pair<uint32_t, uint32_t>, 12>
parts_t;
static const parts_t parts;
#if defined( DEBUG )
public:
#endif
static const ezpwd::RS<31,31-P>
rscodec;
public:
static constexpr const unsigned PARITY = P; // specified symbols of R-S parity
static constexpr const unsigned PRECISION = L; // default symbols of location precision
static constexpr const unsigned CHUNK = 3; // default chunk size
static constexpr const char SEP_NONE = -1;
static constexpr const char SEP_DEFAULT = 0;
static constexpr const char SEP_DOT = '.';
static constexpr const char SEP_BANG = '!';
static constexpr const char SEP_SPACE = ' ';
static constexpr const char CHK_NONE = -1;
static constexpr const char CHK_DEFAULT = 0;
static constexpr const char CHK_DASH = '-';
static constexpr const char CHK_SPACE = ' ';
unsigned precision;
unsigned chunk; // Location symbol chunk sizes
char separator; // Separator between location and parity symbols
char space; // Fill space between location symbol chunks
//
// ezcod<P,L>() -- supply non-defaults for location precision, chunk size, etc.
//
explicit ezcod(
double _lat = 0,
double _lon = 0,
unsigned _preci = 0,
unsigned _chunk = 0,
char _seper = 0,
char _space = 0 )
: ezcod_base( _lat, _lon )
, precision( _preci ? _preci : PRECISION )
, chunk( _chunk ? _chunk : CHUNK )
, separator( _seper )
, space( _space )
{
if ( P < 1 )
throw std::runtime_error( "ezpwd::ezcod:: At least one parity symbol must be specified" );
if ( precision < 1 || precision > bits.max_size() )
throw std::runtime_error( std::string( "ezpwd::ezcod:: Only 1-" )
+ std::to_string( bits.max_size() )
+ " location symbol may be specified" );
}
explicit ezcod(
const std::string &_ezcod,
unsigned _preci = 0,
unsigned _chunk = 0,
char _seper = 0,
char _space = 0 )
: ezcod( 0, 0, _preci, _chunk, _seper, _space )
{
decode( _ezcod );
}
virtual ~ezcod()
{
;
}
//
// symbols -- return working parity and location precision
//
virtual ezcod_base::symbols_t
symbols()
const
{
return ezcod_base::symbols_t( P, precision );
}
virtual std::ostream &output(
std::ostream &lhs )
const
{
std::streamsize prec = lhs.precision();
std::ios_base::fmtflags
flg = lhs.flags();
lhs.precision( 10 );
std::string uni = "m ";
double acc = accuracy;
double dec = 2;
if ( acc > 1000 ) {
uni = "km";
acc /= 1000;
} else if ( acc < 1 ) {
uni = "mm";
acc *= 1000;
}
if ( acc >= 100 )
dec = 0;
else if ( acc >= 10 )
dec = 1;
lhs << encode( precision )
<< " (" << std::setw( 3 ) << confidence
<< "%) == " << std::showpos << std::fixed << std::setprecision( 10 ) << std::setw( 15 ) << latitude
<< ", " << std::showpos << std::fixed << std::setprecision( 10 ) << std::setw( 15 ) << longitude
<< " +/- " << std::noshowpos << std::fixed << std::setprecision( dec ) << std::setw( 6 ) << acc << uni;
lhs.precision( prec );
lhs.flags( flg );
return lhs;
}
//
// encode() -- encode the lat/lon to 'precision' symbols EZCOD representation
//
virtual std::string encode(
unsigned _preci = 0 ) // override precision
const
{
// Convert lat/lon into a fraction of number of parts assigned to each
double lat_frac= ( latitude + 90 ) / 180;
if ( lat_frac < 0 || lat_frac > 1 )
throw std::runtime_error( "ezpwd::ezcod::encode: Latitude not in range [-90,90]" );
double lon_frac= ( longitude + 180 ) / 360;
if ( lon_frac < 0 || lon_frac > 1 )
throw std::runtime_error( "ezpwd::ezcod::encode: Longitude not in range [-180,180]" );
if ( _preci == 0 )
_preci = precision;
if ( _preci < 1 || _preci > bits.max_size() )
throw std::runtime_error( std::string( "ezpwd::ezcod:: Only 1-" )
+ std::to_string( bits.max_size() )
+ " location symbol may be specified" );
// Compute the integer number of lat/lon parts represented