Osmocom Mobile Switching Centre
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== Running OsmoMSC
The OsmoMSC executable (`osmo-msc`) offers the following command-line
arguments:
=== SYNOPSIS
*osmo-msc* [-h|-V] [-d 'DBGMASK'] [-D] [-c 'CONFIGFILE'] [-s] [-T] [-e 'LOGLEVEL']
=== OPTIONS
*-h, --help*::
Print a short help message about the supported options
*-V, --version*::
Print the compile-time version number of the program
*-d, --debug 'DBGMASK','DBGLEVELS'*::
Set the log subsystems and levels for logging to stderr. This
has mostly been superseded by VTY-based logging configuration,
see <<logging>> for further information.
*-D, --daemonize*::
Fork the process as a daemon into background.
*-c, --config-file 'CONFIGFILE'*::
Specify the file and path name of the configuration file to be
used. If none is specified, use `osmo-msc.cfg` in the current
working directory.
*-s, --disable-color*::
Disable colors for logging to stderr. This has mostly been
deprecated by VTY based logging configuration, see <<logging>>
for more information.
*-T, --timestamp*::
Enable time-stamping of log messages to stderr. This has mostly
been deprecated by VTY based logging configuration, see
<<logging>> for more information.
*-e, --log-level 'LOGLEVEL'*::
Set the global log level for logging to stderr. This has mostly
been deprecated by VTY based logging configuration, see
<<logging>> for more information.
=== Multiple instances
Running multiple instances of `osmo-msc` on the same computer is possible if all
interfaces (VTY, CTRL) are separated using the appropriate configuration
options. The IP based interfaces are binding to local host by default. In order
to separate the processes, the user has to bind those services to specific but
different IP addresses and/or ports.
The VTY and the Control interface can be bound to IP addresses from the loopback
address range, for example:
----
line vty
bind 127.0.0.2
ctrl
bind 127.0.0.2
----
If external SMPP is enabled, you may bind it to a different interface using:
----
smpp
local-tcp-ip 10.23.42.1 2775
----
More on SMPP configuration in <<smpp-config-global>>.
The external MNCC handler is a UNIX domain socket that is created when external MNCC handling is configured. A separate
path must be used per osmo-msc instance:
----
msc
mncc external /tmp/mncc_socket
----
More on MNCC in <<mncc-external>>.
The SGs interface by default listens on 0.0.0.0:29118. Configure a different IP and/or port for each osmo-msc instance.
You may also want to configure different VLR names:
----
sgs
local-ip 127.0.0.1
local-port 29118
vlr-name vlr.example.net
----
For the following links, OsmoMSC acts as a client and does not listen/bind to a
specific interface, and will hence not encounter conflicts for multiple instances
running on the same interface:
- The SCCP/M3UA links are established by OsmoMSC contacting an STP.
- The GSUP link is established by OsmoMSC contacting an HLR.
- The MGCP link is established by OsmoMSC contacting an MGW.
=== Configure primary links
==== Configure SCCP/M3UA to accept _A_ and _IuCS_ links
OsmoMSC acts as client to contact an STP instance and establish an SCCP/M3UA
link.
An example configuration of OsmoMSC's SCCP link:
----
cs7 instance 0
point-code 0.23.1
asp asp-clnt-OsmoMSC-A-Iu 2905 0 m3ua
remote-ip 127.0.0.1
sctp-role client
----
This configuration is explained in detail in <<cs7_config>>.
Note that _A_ and _IuCS_ may use different SCCP instances, if so desired:
----
cs7 instance 0
asp my-OsmoMSC-A 2905 0 m3ua
remote-ip 10.23.42.1
cs7 instance 1
asp my-OsmoMSC-Iu 2905 0 m3ua
remote-ip 10.23.42.2
msc
cs7-instance-a 0
cs7-instance-iu 1
----
==== Configure GSUP to reach the HLR
OsmoMSC will assume a GSUP server (OsmoHLR) to run on the local host and the
default GSUP port (4222). Contacting an HLR at a different IP address can be
configured as follows:
----
hlr
! IP address of the remote HLR:
remote-ip 10.23.42.1
! default port is 4222, optionally configurable by:
remote-port 1234
----
==== Configure MGCP to connect to an MGW
OsmoMSC uses a media gateway (typically OsmoMGW) to direct RTP streams. By
default, an MGW is expected to receive MGCP requests on the IANA-registered
default port for MGCP (2427) on local host (127.0.0.1).
Here is an example configuration for a remote MGW:
----
msc
mgw remote-ip 10.9.8.7
mgw remote-port 2427
mgw reset-endpoint rtpbridge/* <1>
----
<1> The 'reset-endpoint' setting instructs the OsmoMGW to send a wildcarded
DLCX to the media gateway. This helps to clear lingering calls from the
media gateway when the OsmoMSC is restarted.