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osmo-msc/src/libmsc/gsm_04_11.c

1386 lines
39 KiB

/* Point-to-Point (PP) Short Message Service (SMS)
* Support on Mobile Radio Interface
* 3GPP TS 04.11 version 7.1.0 Release 1998 / ETSI TS 100 942 V7.1.0 */
/* (C) 2008 by Daniel Willmann <daniel@totalueberwachung.de>
* (C) 2009 by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>
* (C) 2010-2012 by Holger Hans Peter Freyther <zecke@selfish.org>
* (C) 2010 by On-Waves
* (C) 2011 by Andreas Eversberg <jolly@eversberg.eu>
*
* All Rights Reserved
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*
*/
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <time.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include "config.h"
#include <osmocom/core/msgb.h>
#include <osmocom/core/talloc.h>
#include <osmocom/core/utils.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/gsm_utils.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/gsm0411_utils.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/protocol/gsm_04_11.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/protocol/gsm_03_40.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/debug.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/gsm_data.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/db.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/gsm_subscriber.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/gsm_04_08.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/signal.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/db.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/transaction.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/vlr.h>
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
#include <osmocom/msc/msub.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/msc_a.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/paging.h>
#ifdef BUILD_SMPP
#include "smpp_smsc.h"
#endif
void *tall_gsms_ctx;
static uint32_t new_callref = 0x40000001;
struct gsm_sms *sms_alloc(void)
{
return talloc_zero(tall_gsms_ctx, struct gsm_sms);
}
void sms_free(struct gsm_sms *sms)
{
/* drop references to subscriber structure */
if (sms->receiver)
vlr_subscr_put(sms->receiver, VSUB_USE_SMS_RECEIVER);
#ifdef BUILD_SMPP
if (sms->smpp.esme)
smpp_esme_put(sms->smpp.esme);
#endif
talloc_free(sms);
}
Use libvlr in libmsc (large refactoring) Original libvlr code is by Harald Welte <laforge@gnumonks.org>, polished and tweaked by Neels Hofmeyr <nhofmeyr@sysmocom.de>. This is a long series of trial-and-error development collapsed in one patch. This may be split in smaller commits if reviewers prefer that. If we can keep it as one, we have saved ourselves the additional separation work. SMS: The SQL based lookup of SMS for attached subscribers no longer works since the SQL database no longer has the subscriber data. Replace with a round-robin on the SMS recipient MSISDNs paired with a VLR subscriber RAM lookup whether the subscriber is currently attached. If there are many SMS for not-attached subscribers in the SMS database, this will become inefficient: a DB hit returns a pending SMS, the RAM lookup will reveal that the subscriber is not attached, after which the DB is hit for the next SMS. It would become more efficient e.g. by having an MSISDN based hash list for the VLR subscribers and by marking non-attached SMS recipients in the SMS database so that they can be excluded with the SQL query already. There is a sanity limit to do at most 100 db hits per attempt to find a pending SMS. So if there are more than 100 stored SMS waiting for their recipients to actually attach to the MSC, it may take more than one SMS queue trigger to deliver SMS for subscribers that are actually attached. This is not very beautiful, but is merely intended to carry us over to a time when we have a proper separate SMSC entity. Introduce gsm_subscriber_connection ref-counting in libmsc. Remove/Disable VTY and CTRL commands to create subscribers, which is now a task of the OsmoHLR. Adjust the python tests accordingly. Remove VTY cmd subscriber-keep-in-ram. Use OSMO_GSUP_PORT = 4222 instead of 2222. See I4222e21686c823985be8ff1f16b1182be8ad6175. So far use the LAC from conn->bts, will be replaced by conn->lac in Id3705236350d5f69e447046b0a764bbabc3d493c. Related: OS#1592 OS#1974 Change-Id: I639544a6cdda77a3aafc4e3446a55393f60e4050
6 years ago
struct gsm_sms *sms_from_text(struct vlr_subscr *receiver,
const char *sender_msisdn,
int dcs, const char *text)
{
struct gsm_sms *sms = sms_alloc();
if (!sms)
return NULL;
vlr_subscr_get(receiver, VSUB_USE_SMS_RECEIVER);
sms->receiver = receiver;
OSMO_STRLCPY_ARRAY(sms->text, text);
OSMO_STRLCPY_ARRAY(sms->src.addr, sender_msisdn);
sms->reply_path_req = 0;
sms->status_rep_req = 0;
sms->ud_hdr_ind = 0;
sms->protocol_id = 0; /* implicit */
sms->data_coding_scheme = dcs;
OSMO_STRLCPY_ARRAY(sms->dst.addr, receiver->msisdn);
/* Generate user_data */
sms->user_data_len = gsm_7bit_encode_n(sms->user_data, sizeof(sms->user_data),
sms->text, NULL);
return sms;
}
static void send_signal(int sig_no,
struct gsm_trans *trans,
struct gsm_sms *sms,
int paging_result)
{
struct sms_signal_data sig;
sig.trans = trans;
sig.sms = sms;
sig.paging_result = paging_result;
osmo_signal_dispatch(SS_SMS, sig_no, &sig);
}
static int gsm411_sendmsg(struct gsm_trans *trans, struct msgb *msg)
14 years ago
{
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_DEBUG, "GSM4.11 TX %s\n", msgb_hexdump(msg));
msg->l3h = msg->data;
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return msc_a_tx_dtap_to_i(trans->msc_a, msg);
14 years ago
}
/* Handle MMTS (More Messages to Send) indication */
static void gsm411_handle_mmts_ind(const struct gsm_trans *trans)
{
int32_t use_count;
OSMO_ASSERT(trans);
OSMO_ASSERT(trans->msc_a);
use_count = osmo_use_count_by(&trans->msc_a->use_count, MSC_A_USE_SMS_MMTS);
OSMO_ASSERT(use_count >= 0); /* Shall not be negative */
if (trans->sms.sm_rp_mmts_ind && use_count == 0) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_INFO, "Multi-part SMS delivery is initiated\n");
msc_a_get(trans->msc_a, MSC_A_USE_SMS_MMTS);
} else if (trans->sms.sm_rp_mmts_ind && use_count > 0) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_INFO, "Continuing multi-part SMS delivery\n");
} else if (!trans->sms.sm_rp_mmts_ind && use_count > 0) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_INFO, "Multi-part SMS delivery has been completed\n");
msc_a_put(trans->msc_a, MSC_A_USE_SMS_MMTS);
}
}
/* Paging callback for MT SMS (Paging is triggered by SMC) */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
static void mmsms_paging_cb(struct msc_a *msc_a, struct gsm_trans *trans)
{
struct gsm_sms *sms = trans->sms.sms;
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_DEBUG, "%s(%s)\n", __func__, msc_a ? "success" : "expired");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
if (msc_a) {
/* Paging succeeded */
/* Associate transaction with established connection */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
msc_a_get(msc_a, MSC_A_USE_SMS);
trans->msc_a = msc_a;
/* Multi-part SMS: handle MMTS (More Messages to Send) indication */
gsm411_handle_mmts_ind(trans);
/* Confirm successful connection establishment */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
gsm411_smc_recv(&trans->sms.smc_inst, GSM411_MMSMS_EST_CNF, NULL, 0);
} else {
/* Paging expired or failed */
/* Inform SMC about channel establishment failure */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
gsm411_smc_recv(&trans->sms.smc_inst, GSM411_MMSMS_REL_IND, NULL, 0);
/* gsm411_send_rp_data() doesn't set trans->sms.sms */
if (sms != NULL) {
/* Notify the SMSqueue and free stored SMS */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
send_signal(S_SMS_UNKNOWN_ERROR, NULL, sms, 0);
trans->sms.sms = NULL;
sms_free(sms);
}
/* Destroy this transaction */
trans_free(trans);
}
}
static int gsm411_mmsms_est_req(struct gsm_trans *trans)
{
/* Subscriber's data shall be associated */
OSMO_ASSERT(trans->vsub != NULL);
/* Check if connection is already established */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
if (trans->msc_a != NULL) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_DEBUG, "Using an existing connection\n");
return gsm411_smc_recv(&trans->sms.smc_inst,
GSM411_MMSMS_EST_CNF, NULL, 0);
}
/* Initiate Paging procedure */
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_DEBUG, "Initiating Paging due to MMSMS_EST_REQ\n");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
trans->paging_request = paging_request_start(trans->vsub, PAGING_CAUSE_SIGNALLING_LOW_PRIO,
mmsms_paging_cb, trans, "MT-SMS");
if (!trans->paging_request) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to initiate Paging\n");
/* Inform SMC about channel establishment failure */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
gsm411_smc_recv(&trans->sms.smc_inst, GSM411_MMSMS_REL_IND, NULL, 0);
trans_free(trans);
return -EIO;
}
return 0;
}
/* Prefix msg with a 04.08/04.11 CP header */
static int gsm411_cp_sendmsg(struct msgb *msg, struct gsm_trans *trans,
uint8_t msg_type)
{
struct gsm48_hdr *gh;
gh = (struct gsm48_hdr *) msgb_push(msg, sizeof(*gh));
/* Outgoing needs the highest bit set */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
gh->proto_discr = GSM48_PDISC_SMS | (trans->transaction_id<<4);
gh->msg_type = msg_type;
OMSC_LINKID_CB(msg) = trans->dlci;
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_DEBUG, "sending CP message (trans=%x)\n", trans->transaction_id);
return gsm411_sendmsg(trans, msg);
}
/* mm_send: receive MMCCSMS sap message from SMC */
static int gsm411_mm_send(struct gsm411_smc_inst *inst, int msg_type,
struct msgb *msg, int cp_msg_type)
{
struct gsm_trans *trans =
container_of(inst, struct gsm_trans, sms.smc_inst);
int rc = 0;
switch (msg_type) {
case GSM411_MMSMS_EST_REQ:
rc = gsm411_mmsms_est_req(trans);
break;
case GSM411_MMSMS_DATA_REQ:
rc = gsm411_cp_sendmsg(msg, trans, cp_msg_type);
return rc; /* gsm411_cp_sendmsg() takes msg ownership */
case GSM411_MMSMS_REL_REQ:
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_DEBUG, "Got MMSMS_REL_REQ, destroying transaction.\n");
trans_free(trans);
break;
default:
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_NOTICE, "Unhandled MMCCSMS msg 0x%x\n", msg_type);
rc = -EINVAL;
}
msgb_free(msg);
return rc;
}
/* mm_send: receive MNCCSMS sap message from SMR */
int gsm411_mn_send(struct gsm411_smr_inst *inst, int msg_type,
struct msgb *msg)
{
struct gsm_trans *trans =
container_of(inst, struct gsm_trans, sms.smr_inst);
/* forward to SMC */
return gsm411_smc_send(&trans->sms.smc_inst, msg_type, msg);
}
static int gsm340_rx_sms_submit(struct gsm_trans *trans, struct gsm_sms *gsms)
{
if (db_sms_store(gsms) != 0) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to store SMS in Database\n");
return GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_NET_OUT_OF_ORDER;
}
/* dispatch a signal to tell higher level about it */
send_signal(S_SMS_SUBMITTED, NULL, gsms, 0);
return 0;
}
/* generate a TPDU address field compliant with 03.40 sec. 9.1.2.5 */
static int gsm340_gen_oa_sub(uint8_t *oa, unsigned int oa_len,
const struct gsm_sms_addr *src)
{
/* network specific, private numbering plan */
return gsm340_gen_oa(oa, oa_len, src->ton, src->npi, src->addr);
}
/* generate a msgb containing an 03.40 9.2.2.1 SMS-DELIVER TPDU derived from
* struct gsm_sms, returns total size of TPDU */
static int gsm340_gen_sms_deliver_tpdu(struct gsm_trans *trans, struct msgb *msg, struct gsm_sms *sms)
{
uint8_t *smsp;
uint8_t oa[12]; /* max len per 03.40 */
uint8_t octet_len;
unsigned int old_msg_len = msg->len;
int oa_len;
/* generate first octet with masked bits */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
/* TP-MTI (message type indicator) */
*smsp = GSM340_SMS_DELIVER_SC2MS;
/* TP-MMS (more messages to send) */
if (0 /* FIXME */)
*smsp |= 0x04;
/* TP-SRI(deliver)/SRR(submit) */
if (sms->status_rep_req)
*smsp |= 0x20;
/* TP-UDHI (indicating TP-UD contains a header) */
if (sms->ud_hdr_ind)
*smsp |= 0x40;
/* generate originator address */
oa_len = gsm340_gen_oa_sub(oa, sizeof(oa), &sms->src);
if (oa_len < 0)
return -ENOSPC;
smsp = msgb_put(msg, oa_len);
memcpy(smsp, oa, oa_len);
/* generate TP-PID */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
*smsp = sms->protocol_id;
/* generate TP-DCS */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
*smsp = sms->data_coding_scheme;
/* generate TP-SCTS */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 7);
gsm340_gen_scts(smsp, time(NULL));
/* generate TP-UDL */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
*smsp = sms->user_data_len;
/* generate TP-UD */
switch (gsm338_get_sms_alphabet(sms->data_coding_scheme)) {
case DCS_7BIT_DEFAULT:
octet_len = sms->user_data_len*7/8;
if (sms->user_data_len*7%8 != 0)
octet_len++;
/* Warning, user_data_len indicates the amount of septets
* (characters), we need amount of octets occupied */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, octet_len);
memcpy(smsp, sms->user_data, octet_len);
break;
case DCS_UCS2:
case DCS_8BIT_DATA:
smsp = msgb_put(msg, sms->user_data_len);
memcpy(smsp, sms->user_data, sms->user_data_len);
break;
default:
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_NOTICE, "Unhandled Data Coding Scheme: 0x%02X\n",
sms->data_coding_scheme);
break;
}
return msg->len - old_msg_len;
}
/* As defined by GSM 03.40, Section 9.2.2.3. */
static int gsm340_gen_sms_status_report_tpdu(struct gsm_trans *trans, struct msgb *msg,
struct gsm_sms *sms)
{
unsigned int old_msg_len = msg->len;
uint8_t oa[12]; /* max len per 03.40 */
uint8_t *smsp;
int oa_len;
/* generate first octet with masked bits */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
/* TP-MTI (message type indicator) */
*smsp = GSM340_SMS_STATUS_REP_SC2MS;
/* TP-MMS (more messages to send) */
if (0 /* FIXME */)
*smsp |= 0x04;
/* TP-MR (message reference) */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
*smsp = sms->msg_ref;
/* generate recipient address */
oa_len = gsm340_gen_oa_sub(oa, sizeof(oa), &sms->src);
if (oa_len < 0)
return -ENOSPC;
smsp = msgb_put(msg, oa_len);
memcpy(smsp, oa, oa_len);
/* generate TP-SCTS (Service centre timestamp) */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 7);
gsm340_gen_scts(smsp, sms->created);
/* generate TP-DT (Discharge time, in TP-SCTS format). */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 7);
gsm340_gen_scts(smsp, sms->created);
/* TP-ST (status) */
smsp = msgb_put(msg, 1);
/* From GSM 03.40, Section 9.2.3.15, 0x00 means OK. */
*smsp = 0x00;
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_INFO, "sending status report for SMS reference %x\n",
sms->msg_ref);
return msg->len - old_msg_len;
}
static int sms_route_mt_sms(struct gsm_trans *trans, struct gsm_sms *gsms)
{
int rc;
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
struct msc_a *msc_a = trans->msc_a;
struct gsm_network *net = msc_a_net(msc_a);
#ifdef BUILD_SMPP
/*
* Route through SMPP first before going to the local database. In case
* of a unroutable message and no local subscriber, SMPP will be tried
* twice. In case of an unknown subscriber continue with the normal
* delivery of the SMS.
*/
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
if (smpp_route_smpp_first()) {
rc = smpp_try_deliver(gsms, msc_a);
if (rc == GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_NUM_UNASSIGNED)
/* unknown subscriber, try local */
goto try_local;
if (rc < 0) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_ERROR, "SMS delivery error: %d\n", rc);
rc = GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_TEMP_FAIL;
/* rc will be logged by gsm411_send_rp_error() */
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(net->msc_ctrs, MSC_CTR_SMS_DELIVER_UNKNOWN_ERROR));
}
return rc;
}
try_local:
#endif
/* determine gsms->receiver based on dialled number */
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
gsms->receiver = vlr_subscr_find_by_msisdn(net->vlr, gsms->dst.addr, VSUB_USE_SMS_RECEIVER);
if (gsms->receiver)
return 0;
#ifdef BUILD_SMPP
/* Avoid a second look-up */
if (smpp_route_smpp_first()) {
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(net->msc_ctrs, MSC_CTR_SMS_NO_RECEIVER));
return GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_NUM_UNASSIGNED;
}
rc = smpp_try_deliver(gsms, msc_a);
if (rc == GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_NUM_UNASSIGNED) {
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(net->msc_ctrs, MSC_CTR_SMS_NO_RECEIVER));
} else if (rc < 0) {
LOG_TRANS(trans, LOGL_ERROR, "SMS delivery error: %d\n", rc);
rc = GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_TEMP_FAIL;
/* rc will be logged by gsm411_send_rp_error() */
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(net->msc_ctrs, MSC_CTR_SMS_DELIVER_UNKNOWN_ERROR));
}
#else
rc = GSM411_RP_CAUSE_MO_NUM_UNASSIGNED;
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(net->msc_ctrs, MSC_CTR_SMS_NO_RECEIVER));
#endif
return rc;
}
/* process an incoming TPDU (called from RP-DATA)
* return value > 0: RP CAUSE for ERROR; < 0: silent error; 0 = success */
libmsc: send RP-ACK to MS after ESME sends SMPP DELIVER-SM-RESP Hold on with the GSM 04.11 RP-ACK/RP-ERROR that we send to the MS until we get a confirmation from the ESME, via SMPP DELIVER-SM-RESP, that we can route this sms somewhere we can reach indeed. After this change, the conversation looks like this: MS GSM 03.40 SMSC SMPP 3.4 ESME | | | | SMS-SUBMIT | | |------------------->| | | | DELIVER-SM | | |---------------->| | | | | | DELIVER-SM-RESP | | |<----------------| | GSM 04.11 RP-ACK | | |<-------------------| | | | | Before this patch, the RP-ACK was sent back straight forward to the MS, no matter if the sms can be route by the ESME or not. Thus, the user ends up getting a misleading "message delivered" in their phone screen, when the message may just be unroutable by the ESME hence silently dropped. If we get no reply from the ESME, there is a hardcoded timer that will expire to send back an RP-ERROR to the MS indicating that network is out-of-order. Currently this timer is arbitrarily set to 5 seconds. I found no specific good default value on the SMPP 3.4 specs, section 7.2, where the response_timer is described. There must be a place that describes a better default value for this. We could also expose this timer through VTY for configurability reasons, to be done later. Given all this needs to happen asyncronously, ie. block the SMSC, this patch extends the gsm_sms structure with two new fields to annotate useful information to send the RP-ACK/RP-ERROR back to the MS of origin. These new fields are: * the GSM 04.07 transaction id, to look up for the gsm_trans object. * the GSM 04.11 message reference so the MS of origin can correlate this response to its original request. Tested here using python-libsmpp script that replies with DELIVER_SM_RESP and status code 0x0b (Invalid Destination). I can see here on my motorola C155 that message cannot be delivered. I have tested with the success status code in the SMPP DELIVER_SM_RESP too. Change-Id: I0d5bd5693fed6d4f4bd2951711c7888712507bfd
5 years ago
static int gsm340_rx_tpdu(struct gsm_trans *trans, struct msgb *msg,
uint32_t gsm411_msg_ref)
{
uint8_t *smsp = msgb_sms(msg);
struct gsm_sms *gsms;
unsigned int sms_alphabet;
uint8_t sms_mti, sms_vpf;
uint8_t *sms_vp;
uint8_t da_len_bytes;
uint8_t address_lv[12]; /* according to 03.40 / 9.1.2.5 */
int rc = 0;
struct gsm_network *net;
struct vlr_subscr *vsub;