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osmo-msc/src/libmsc/ran_msg_iu.c

527 lines
17 KiB

large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
/* RANAP encoding and decoding for MSC */
/*
* (C) 2019 by sysmocom - s.m.f.c. GmbH <info@sysmocom.de>
* All Rights Reserved
*
* Author: Neels Hofmeyr
*
* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0+
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License along
* with this program; if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc.,
* 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA.
*/
#include <asn1c/asn1helpers.h>
#include <osmocom/core/prim.h>
#include <osmocom/core/byteswap.h>
#include <osmocom/crypt/auth.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/gsm48.h>
#include <osmocom/ranap/ranap_common_cn.h>
#include <osmocom/ranap/ranap_msg_factory.h>
#include <osmocom/ranap/iu_helpers.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/debug.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/msc_common.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/sccp_ran.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/ran_msg_iu.h>
#include <osmocom/msc/gsm_04_11.h>
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
#define LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(RAN_DEC, level, fmt, args...) \
LOG_RAN_DEC(RAN_DEC, DIUCS, level, "RANAP: " fmt, ## args)
#define LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(FI, level, fmt, args...) \
LOG_RAN_ENC(FI, DIUCS, level, "RANAP: " fmt, ## args)
static void ran_iu_decode_l3_initial(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode, const RANAP_InitialUE_MessageIEs_t *ies, const char *msg_name)
{
struct msgb *ran = msgb_alloc(256, msg_name);
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg;
struct osmo_plmn_id plmn;
if (ies->lai.pLMNidentity.size < 3) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Too short PLMNidentity in RANAP InitialUE message\n");
return;
}
osmo_plmn_from_bcd(ies->lai.pLMNidentity.buf, &plmn);
struct gsm0808_cell_id cid = {
.id_discr = CELL_IDENT_LAI,
.id.lai_and_lac = {
.plmn = plmn,
.lac = asn1str_to_u16(&ies->lai.lAC),
},
};
/* TODO: really necessary to copy the RAN PDU?? */
ran->l3h = msgb_put(ran, ies->nas_pdu.size);
memcpy(ran->l3h, ies->nas_pdu.buf, ies->nas_pdu.size);
ran_dec_msg = (struct ran_msg){
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_COMPL_L3,
.msg_name = msg_name,
.compl_l3 = {
.cell_id = &cid,
.msg = ran,
},
};
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
msgb_free(ran);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_l3(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode,
const RANAP_DirectTransferIEs_t *ies,
const char *msg_name)
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
{
const RANAP_NAS_PDU_t *nas_pdu = &ies->nas_pdu;
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
struct msgb *ran = msgb_alloc(256, msg_name);
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg;
/* TODO: really necessary to copy the RAN PDU?? */
ran->l3h = msgb_put(ran, nas_pdu->size);
memcpy(ran->l3h, nas_pdu->buf, nas_pdu->size);
/* Handle optional SAPI IE */
if (ies->presenceMask & DIRECTTRANSFERIES_RANAP_SAPI_PRESENT) {
if (ies->sapi == RANAP_SAPI_sapi_3)
OMSC_LINKID_CB(ran) = UM_SAPI_SMS;
}
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
ran_dec_msg = (struct ran_msg){
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_DTAP,
.msg_name = msg_name,
.dtap = ran,
};
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
msgb_free(ran);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_err(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode, const RANAP_ErrorIndicationIEs_t *ies)
{
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Rx Error Indication (%s)\n",
(ies->presenceMask & ERRORINDICATIONIES_RANAP_CAUSE_PRESENT)?
ranap_cause_str(&ies->cause) : "no cause specified");
}
static int ran_iu_decode_rab_assignment_response_decode_setup_ies(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode,
struct ran_msg *ran_dec_msg,
const RANAP_RAB_SetupOrModifiedItemIEs_t *setup_ies)
{
const RANAP_RAB_SetupOrModifiedItem_t *item;
const RANAP_TransportLayerAddress_t *transp_layer_addr;
const RANAP_IuTransportAssociation_t *transp_assoc;
uint16_t port = 0;
char addr[INET_ADDRSTRLEN];
uint8_t rab_id;
item = &setup_ies->raB_SetupOrModifiedItem;
rab_id = item->rAB_ID.buf[0];
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_DEBUG, "Received RAB assignment response for rab_id=%d\n", rab_id);
if (!(item->iuTransportAssociation && item->transportLayerAddress)) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "RAB Assignment Response does not contain RAB information\n");
return -1;
}
transp_layer_addr = item->transportLayerAddress;
transp_assoc = item->iuTransportAssociation;
if (ranap_transp_assoc_decode(&port, transp_assoc)) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Unable to decode RTP port in RAB Assignment Response\n");
return -1;
}
if (ranap_transp_layer_addr_decode(addr, sizeof(addr), transp_layer_addr)) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Unable to decode IP-Address in RAB Assignment Response\n");
return -1;
}
*ran_dec_msg = (struct ran_msg){
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_ASSIGNMENT_COMPLETE,
.msg_name = "RANAP RAB Assignment Response",
.assignment_complete = {
.codec = CODEC_AMR_8000_1,
},
};
if (osmo_sockaddr_str_from_str(&ran_dec_msg->assignment_complete.remote_rtp, addr, port)) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Assignment Complete: unable to decode remote RTP IP address %s\n",
osmo_quote_str(addr, -1));
return -1;
}
return 0;
}
static void ran_iu_decode_rab_assignment_response(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode, const RANAP_RAB_AssignmentResponseIEs_t *ies)
{
int rc;
RANAP_IE_t *ranap_ie;
RANAP_RAB_SetupOrModifiedItemIEs_t setup_ies;
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg;
bool free_ies = false;
if (!(ies->presenceMask & RAB_ASSIGNMENTRESPONSEIES_RANAP_RAB_SETUPORMODIFIEDLIST_PRESENT)) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "RAB Assignment Response does not contain RAB information\n");
goto failure;
}
/* So far we assign a single RAB at a time, so it should not be necessary to iterate over the list of
* SetupOrModifiedList IEs and handle each one. */
ranap_ie = ies->raB_SetupOrModifiedList.raB_SetupOrModifiedList_ies.list.array[0];
rc = ranap_decode_rab_setupormodifieditemies_fromlist(&setup_ies, &ranap_ie->value);
if (rc) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Error in ranap_decode_rab_setupormodifieditemies(): rc=%d\n", rc);
goto failure;
}
free_ies = true;
if (!ran_iu_decode_rab_assignment_response_decode_setup_ies(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg, &setup_ies))
goto success;
failure:
ran_dec_msg = (struct ran_msg){
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_ASSIGNMENT_FAILURE,
.msg_name = "RANAP RAB Assignment Response: Failure",
.assignment_failure = {
.bssap_cause = RAN_MSG_BSSAP_CAUSE_UNSET,
.rr_cause = GSM48_RR_CAUSE_ABNORMAL_UNSPEC,
},
};
success:
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
if (free_ies)
ranap_free_rab_setupormodifieditemies(&setup_ies);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_security_mode_complete(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode, const RANAP_SecurityModeCompleteIEs_t *ies)
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
{
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg = {
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_CIPHER_MODE_COMPLETE,
.msg_name = "RANAP SecurityModeControl successfulOutcome",
.cipher_mode_complete = {
.utran_integrity = ies->chosenIntegrityProtectionAlgorithm,
.utran_encryption = -1,
},
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
};
if (ies->presenceMask & SECURITYMODECOMPLETEIES_RANAP_CHOSENENCRYPTIONALGORITHM_PRESENT)
ran_dec_msg.cipher_mode_complete.utran_encryption = ies->chosenEncryptionAlgorithm;
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_security_mode_reject(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode)
{
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg = {
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_CIPHER_MODE_REJECT,
.msg_name = "RANAP SecurityModeControl unsuccessfulOutcome",
.cipher_mode_reject = {
.bssap_cause = RAN_MSG_BSSAP_CAUSE_UNSET,
},
};
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_release_request(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode)
{
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg = {
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_CLEAR_REQUEST,
.msg_name = "RANAP Iu ReleaseRequest",
.clear_request = {
.bssap_cause = RAN_MSG_BSSAP_CAUSE_UNSET,
},
};
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_release_complete(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode)
{
struct ran_msg ran_dec_msg = {
.msg_type = RAN_MSG_CLEAR_COMPLETE,
.msg_name = "RANAP Iu Release successfulOutcome",
};
ran_decoded(ran_iu_decode, &ran_dec_msg);
}
static void ran_iu_decode_ranap_msg(void *_ran_dec, ranap_message *message)
{
struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode = _ran_dec;
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_DEBUG, "dir=%u proc=%u\n", message->direction, message->procedureCode);
switch (message->procedureCode) {
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_InitialUE_Message:
ran_iu_decode_l3_initial(ran_iu_decode, &message->msg.initialUE_MessageIEs, "RANAP InitialUE RAN PDU");
return;
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_DirectTransfer:
ran_iu_decode_l3(ran_iu_decode, &message->msg.directTransferIEs, "RANAP DirectTransfer RAN PDU");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return;
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_SecurityModeControl:
switch (message->direction) {
case RANAP_RANAP_PDU_PR_successfulOutcome:
ran_iu_decode_security_mode_complete(ran_iu_decode, &message->msg.securityModeCompleteIEs);
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return;
case RANAP_RANAP_PDU_PR_unsuccessfulOutcome:
ran_iu_decode_security_mode_reject(ran_iu_decode);
return;
default:
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR,
"Received SecurityModeControl: unexpected RANAP ProcedureCode: %d\n",
message->direction);
return;
}
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_RAB_Assignment:
/* This should always be a RANAP_RANAP_PDU_PR_outcome. No need to check for that. */
ran_iu_decode_rab_assignment_response(ran_iu_decode, &message->msg.raB_AssignmentResponseIEs);
return;
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_Iu_ReleaseRequest:
ran_iu_decode_release_request(ran_iu_decode);
return;
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_Iu_Release:
if (message->direction != RANAP_RANAP_PDU_PR_successfulOutcome) {
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Received Iu_Release: expected successfulOutcome, got %d\n",
message->direction);
return;
}
ran_iu_decode_release_complete(ran_iu_decode);
return;
case RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_ErrorIndication:
ran_iu_decode_err(ran_iu_decode, &message->msg.errorIndicationIEs);
return;
default:
LOG_RAN_IU_DEC(ran_iu_decode, LOGL_ERROR, "Received unhandled RANAP Procedure Code %d\n", message->procedureCode);
return;
}
}
int ran_iu_decode_l2(struct ran_dec *ran_iu_decode, struct msgb *ranap)
{
return ranap_cn_rx_co(ran_iu_decode_ranap_msg, ran_iu_decode, msgb_l2(ranap), msgb_l2len(ranap));
}
/* Create a RANAP Initiating DirectTransfer message containing the given DTAP as RAN PDU, and return the resulting
* AN-APDU to be forwarded via E-interface. */
static struct msgb *ran_iu_wrap_dtap(struct msgb *dtap)
{
struct msgb *an_apdu;
uint8_t sapi = OMSC_LINKID_CB(dtap);
an_apdu = ranap_new_msg_dt(sapi, dtap->data, msgb_length(dtap));
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
an_apdu->l2h = an_apdu->data;
msgb_free(dtap);
return an_apdu;
}
static struct msgb *ran_iu_make_rab_assignment(struct osmo_fsm_inst *caller_fi, const struct ran_assignment_command *ac)
{
struct msgb *msg;
bool use_x213_nsap;
uint32_t cn_rtp_ip;
static uint8_t next_rab_id = 1;
uint8_t rab_id = next_rab_id;
next_rab_id ++;
if (!next_rab_id)
next_rab_id = 1;
cn_rtp_ip = osmo_htonl(inet_addr(ac->cn_rtp->ip));
if (cn_rtp_ip == INADDR_NONE) {
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_ERROR, "Error during RAB Assignment: invalid RTP IP-Address\n");
return NULL;
}
if (ac->cn_rtp->port == 0) {
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_ERROR, "Error during RAB Assignment: invalid RTP port\n");
return NULL;
}
use_x213_nsap = (ac->rab_assign_addr_enc == NSAP_ADDR_ENC_X213);
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "RAB Assignment: rab_id=%d, rtp=" OSMO_SOCKADDR_STR_FMT ", use_x213_nsap=%d\n",
rab_id, OSMO_SOCKADDR_STR_FMT_ARGS(ac->cn_rtp), use_x213_nsap);
msg = ranap_new_msg_rab_assign_voice(rab_id, cn_rtp_ip, ac->cn_rtp->port, use_x213_nsap);
msg->l2h = msg->data;
return msg;
}
static struct msgb *ran_iu_make_security_mode_command(struct osmo_fsm_inst *caller_fi,
const struct ran_cipher_mode_command *cm)
{
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "Tx RANAP SECURITY MODE COMMAND to RNC, IK=%s, CK=%s\n",
osmo_hexdump_nospc(cm->vec->ik, 16),
cm->utran.uea_encryption_mask > 0x01 ? osmo_hexdump_nospc(cm->vec->ck, 16) : "NONE");
/* TODO: Do we need to check if the UE supports all of the algorithms and build an intersection like
* in the case of A5? */
return ranap_new_msg_sec_mod_cmd2(cm->vec->ik, cm->utran.uea_encryption_mask > 0x01 ? cm->vec->ck : NULL,
RANAP_KeyStatus_new, 0x06, cm->utran.uea_encryption_mask);
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
}
static struct msgb *ran_iu_make_release_command(struct osmo_fsm_inst *caller_fi,
const struct ran_clear_command *ccmd)
{
static const struct RANAP_Cause cause = {
.present = RANAP_Cause_PR_radioNetwork,
.choice.radioNetwork = RANAP_CauseRadioNetwork_release_due_to_utran_generated_reason,
/* TODO: set various causes depending on the ran_clear_command cause value */
};
return ranap_new_msg_iu_rel_cmd(&cause);
}
struct msgb *ran_iu_encode(struct osmo_fsm_inst *caller_fi, const struct ran_msg *ran_enc_msg)
{
switch (ran_enc_msg->msg_type) {
case RAN_MSG_DTAP:
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "DirectTransfer\n");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return ran_iu_wrap_dtap(ran_enc_msg->dtap);
// TODO: RAN_MSG_CLASSMARK_REQUEST ??
case RAN_MSG_CIPHER_MODE_COMMAND:
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "SecurityModeCommand\n");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return ran_iu_make_security_mode_command(caller_fi, &ran_enc_msg->cipher_mode_command);
case RAN_MSG_ASSIGNMENT_COMMAND:
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "RAB AssignmentRequest\n");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return ran_iu_make_rab_assignment(caller_fi, &ran_enc_msg->assignment_command);
case RAN_MSG_COMMON_ID:
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "CommonId\n");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return ranap_new_msg_common_id(ran_enc_msg->common_id.imsi);
case RAN_MSG_CLEAR_COMMAND:
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_DEBUG, "Iu Release\n");
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
return ran_iu_make_release_command(caller_fi, &ran_enc_msg->clear_command);
default:
LOG_RAN_IU_ENC(caller_fi, LOGL_ERROR, "Message type not implemented: %s\n",
ran_msg_type_name(ran_enc_msg->msg_type));
return NULL;
}
}
/* Entry point for connection-less RANAP message */
static void ranap_handle_cl(void *ctx, ranap_message *message)
{
int *rc = ctx;
*rc = SCCP_RAN_MSG_NON_RESET;
if (message->procedureCode != RANAP_ProcedureCode_id_Reset)
return;
switch (message->direction) {
case RANAP_RANAP_PDU_PR_initiatingMessage:
*rc = SCCP_RAN_MSG_RESET;
return;
case RANAP_RANAP_PDU_PR_successfulOutcome:
*rc = SCCP_RAN_MSG_RESET_ACK;
return;
default:
return;
}
}
enum reset_msg_type ranap_is_reset_msg(const struct sccp_ran_inst *sri, struct osmo_fsm_inst *log_fi,
struct msgb *l2, int *supports_osmux)
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
{
int ret = SCCP_RAN_MSG_NON_RESET;
int rc;
if (supports_osmux != NULL)
*supports_osmux = -1;
large refactoring: support inter-BSC and inter-MSC Handover 3GPP TS 49.008 '4.3 Roles of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T' defines distinct roles: - MSC-A is responsible for managing subscribers, - MSC-I is the gateway to the RAN. - MSC-T is a second transitory gateway to another RAN during Handover. After inter-MSC Handover, the MSC-I is handled by a remote MSC instance, while the original MSC-A retains the responsibility of subscriber management. MSC-T exists in this patch but is not yet used, since Handover is only prepared for, not yet implemented. Facilitate Inter-MSC and inter-BSC Handover by the same internal split of MSC roles. Compared to inter-MSC Handover, mere inter-BSC has the obvious simplifications: - all of MSC-A, MSC-I and MSC-T roles will be served by the same osmo-msc instance, - messages between MSC-A and MSC-{I,T} don't need to be routed via E-interface (GSUP), - no call routing between MSC-A and -I via MNCC necessary. This is the largest code bomb I have submitted, ever. Out of principle, I apologize to everyone trying to read this as a whole. Unfortunately, I see no sense in trying to split this patch into smaller bits. It would be a huge amount of work to introduce these changes in separate chunks, especially if each should in turn be useful and pass all test suites. So, unfortunately, we are stuck with this code bomb. The following are some details and rationale for this rather huge refactoring: * separate MSC subscriber management from ran_conn struct ran_conn is reduced from the pivotal subscriber management entity it has been so far to a mere storage for an SCCP connection ID and an MSC subscriber reference. The new pivotal subscriber management entity is struct msc_a -- struct msub lists the msc_a, msc_i, msc_t roles, the vast majority of code paths however use msc_a, since MSC-A is where all the interesting stuff happens. Before handover, msc_i is an FSM implementation that encodes to the local ran_conn. After inter-MSC Handover, msc_i is a compatible but different FSM implementation that instead forwards via/from GSUP. Same goes for the msc_a struct: if osmo-msc is the MSC-I "RAN proxy" for a remote MSC-A role, the msc_a->fi is an FSM implementation that merely forwards via/from GSUP. * New SCCP implementation for RAN access To be able to forward BSSAP and RANAP messages via the GSUP interface, the individual message layers need to be cleanly separated. The IuCS implementation used until now (iu_client from libosmo-ranap) did not provide this level of separation, and needed a complete rewrite. It was trivial to implement this in such a way that both BSSAP and RANAP can be handled by the same SCCP code, hence the new SCCP-RAN layer also replaces BSSAP handling. sccp_ran.h: struct sccp_ran_inst provides an abstract handler for incoming RAN connections. A set of callback functions provides implementation specific details. * RAN Abstraction (BSSAP vs. RANAP) The common SCCP implementation did set the theme for the remaining refactoring: make all other MSC code paths entirely RAN-implementation-agnostic. ran_infra.c provides data structures that list RAN implementation specifics, from logging to RAN de-/encoding to SCCP callbacks and timers. A ran_infra pointer hence allows complete abstraction of RAN implementations: - managing connected RAN peers (BSC, RNC) in ran_peer.c, - classifying and de-/encoding RAN PDUs, - recording connected LACs and cell IDs and sending out Paging requests to matching RAN peers. * RAN RESET now also for RANAP ran_peer.c absorbs the reset_fsm from a_reset.c; in consequence, RANAP also supports proper RESET semantics now. Hence osmo-hnbgw now also needs to provide proper RESET handling, which it so far duly ignores. (TODO) * RAN de-/encoding abstraction The RAN abstraction mentioned above serves not only to separate RANAP and BSSAP implementations transparently, but also to be able to optionally handle RAN on distinct levels. Before Handover, all RAN messages are handled by the MSC-A role. However, after an inter-MSC Handover, a standalone MSC-I will need to decode RAN PDUs, at least in order to manage Assignment of RTP streams between BSS/RNC and MNCC call forwarding. ran_msg.h provides a common API with abstraction for: - receiving events from RAN, i.e. passing RAN decode from the BSC/RNC and MS/UE: struct ran_dec_msg represents RAN messages decoded from either BSSMAP or RANAP; - sending RAN events: ran_enc_msg is the counterpart to compose RAN messages that should be encoded to either BSSMAP or RANAP and passed down to the BSC/RNC and MS/UE. The RAN-specific implementations are completely contained by ran_msg_a.c and ran_msg_iu.c. In particular, Assignment and Ciphering have so far been distinct code paths for BSSAP and RANAP, with switch(via_ran){...} statements all over the place. Using RAN_DEC_* and RAN_ENC_* abstractions, these are now completely unified. Note that SGs does not qualify for RAN abstraction: the SGs interface always remains with the MSC-A role, and SGs messages follow quite distinct semantics from the fairly similar GERAN and UTRAN. * MGW and RTP stream management So far, managing MGW endpoints via MGCP was tightly glued in-between GSM-04.08-CC on the one and MNCC on the other side. Prepare for switching RTP streams between different RAN peers by moving to object-oriented implementations: implement struct call_leg and struct rtp_stream with distinct FSMs each. For MGW communication, use the osmo_mgcpc_ep API that has originated from osmo-bsc and recently moved to libosmo-mgcp-client for this purpose. Instead of implementing a sequence of events with code duplication for the RAN and CN sides, the idea is to manage each RTP stream separately by firing and receiving events as soon as codecs and RTP ports are negotiated, and letting the individual FSMs take care of the MGW management "asynchronously". The caller provides event IDs and an FSM instance that should be notified of RTP stream setup progress. Hence it becomes possible to reconnect RTP streams from one GSM-04.08-CC to another (inter-BSC Handover) or between CC and MNCC RTP peers (inter-MSC Handover) without duplicating the MGCP code for each transition. The number of FSM implementations used for MGCP handling may seem a bit of an overkill. But in fact, the number of perspectives on RTP forwarding are far from trivial: - an MGW endpoint is an entity with N connections, and MGCP "sessions" for configuring them by talking to the MGW; - an RTP stream is a remote peer connected to one of the endpoint's connections, which is asynchronously notified of codec and RTP port choices; - a call leg is the higher level view on either an MT or MO side of a voice call, a combination of two RTP streams to forward between two remote peers. BSC MGW PBX CI CI [MGW-endpoint] [--rtp_stream--] [--rtp_stream--] [----------------call_leg----------------] * Use counts Introduce using the new osmo_use_count API added to libosmocore for this purpose. Each use token has a distinct name in the logging, which can be a globally constant name or ad-hoc, like the local __func__ string constant. Use in the new struct msc_a, as well as change vlr_subscr to the new osmo_use_count API. * FSM Timeouts Introduce using the new osmo_tdef API, which provides a common VTY implementation for all timer numbers, and FSM state transitions with the correct timeout. Originated in osmo-bsc, recently moved to libosmocore. Depends: Ife31e6798b4e728a23913179e346552a7dd338c0 (libosmocore) Ib9af67b100c4583342a2103669732dab2e577b04 (libosmocore) Id617265337f09dfb6ddfe111ef5e578cd3dc9f63 (libosmocore) Ie9e2add7bbfae651c04e230d62e37cebeb91b0f5 (libosmo-sccp) I26be5c4b06a680f25f19797407ab56a5a4880ddc (osmo-mgw) Ida0e59f9a1f2dd18efea0a51680a67b69f141efa (osmo-mgw) I9a3effd38e72841529df6c135c077116981dea36 (osmo-mgw) Change-Id: I27e4988e0371808b512c757d2b52ada1615067bd
4 years ago
rc = ranap_cn_rx_cl(ranap_handle_cl, &ret, msgb_l2(l2), msgb_l2len(l2));
if (rc)
return 0;
return ret;
}
struct msgb *ranap_make_reset_msg(const struct sccp_ran_inst *sri, enum reset_msg_type type)
{
const RANAP_Cause_t cause = {
.present = RANAP_Cause_PR_protocol,
.choice = {
.protocol = RANAP_CauseProtocol_message_not_compatible_with_receiver_state,
},
};
switch (type) {
case SCCP_RAN_MSG_RESET:
return ranap_new_msg_reset(RANAP_CN_DomainIndicator_cs_domain, &cause);
case SCCP_RAN_MSG_RESET_ACK:
return ranap_new_msg_reset_ack(RANAP_CN_DomainIndicator_cs_domain, NULL);
default:
return NULL;
}
}
static e_RANAP_PagingCause ranap_paging_cause_from_msc(enum paging_cause cause)
{
switch (cause) {
default:
case PAGING_CAUSE_UNSPECIFIED:
case PAGING_CAUSE_CALL_CONVERSATIONAL:
return RANAP_PagingCause_terminating_conversational_call;
case PAGING_CAUSE_CALL_STREAMING:
return RANAP_PagingCause_terminating_streaming_call;
case PAGING_CAUSE_CALL_INTERACTIVE:
return RANAP_PagingCause_terminating_interactive_call;
case PAGING_CAUSE_CALL_BACKGROUND:
return RANAP_PagingCause_terminating_background_call;
case PAGING_CAUSE_SIGNALLING_LOW_PRIO:
return RANAP_PagingCause_terminating_low_priority_signalling;
case PAGING_CAUSE_SIGNALLING_HIGH_PRIO:
return RANAP_PagingCause_terminating_high_priority_signalling;
}
}
struct msgb *ranap_make_paging_msg(const struct sccp_ran_inst *sri, const struct gsm0808_cell_id *page_cell_id,
const char *imsi, uint32_t tmsi, enum paging_cause cause)
{
return ranap_new_msg_paging_cmd(imsi, tmsi == GSM_RESERVED_TMSI ? NULL : &tmsi, false,
ranap_paging_cause_from_msc(cause));
}
const char *ranap_msg_name(const struct sccp_ran_inst *sri, const struct msgb *l2)
{
uint8_t msgt;
uint8_t procedure;
static char buf[32];
if (!l2->l2h)
return "?";
msgt = l2->l2h[0];
procedure = l2->l2h[1];
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), "type %u procedureCode %u", msgt, procedure);
return buf;
}