Osmocom's Base Station Controller for 2G mobile networks https://osmocom.org/projects/osmobsc
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osmo-bsc/src/osmo-bsc/handover_fsm.c

1596 lines
52 KiB

/* Handover FSM implementation for intra-BSC and inter-BSC Handover.
*
* (C) 2018 by sysmocom - s.f.m.c. GmbH <info@sysmocom.de>
* All Rights Reserved
*
* Author: Neels Hofmeyr <neels@hofmeyr.de>
*
* This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
* it under the terms of the GNU Affero General Public License as published by
* the Free Software Foundation; either version 3 of the License, or
* (at your option) any later version.
*
* This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
* but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
* MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
* GNU Affero General Public License for more details.
*
* You should have received a copy of the GNU Affero General Public License
* along with this program. If not, see <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
*
*/
#include <osmocom/core/socket.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/rsl.h>
#include <osmocom/gsm/gsm0808.h>
#include <osmocom/mgcp_client/mgcp_client_endpoint_fsm.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/debug.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/bsc_subscriber.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/handover_fsm.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/handover_cfg.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/bsc_subscr_conn_fsm.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/lchan_select.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/lchan_fsm.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/lchan_rtp_fsm.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/gsm_04_08_rr.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/abis_rsl.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/bsc_msc_data.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/osmo_bsc.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/osmo_bsc_lcls.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/codec_pref.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/gsm_08_08.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/bts.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/lcs_loc_req.h>
#include <osmocom/bsc/bsc_stats.h>
#define LOG_FMT_BTS "bts %u lac-ci %u-%u arfcn-bsic %d-%d"
#define LOG_ARGS_BTS(bts) \
(bts) ? (bts)->nr : 0, \
(bts) ? (bts)->location_area_code : 0, \
(bts) ? (bts)->cell_identity : 0, \
(bts) ? (bts)->c0->arfcn : 0, \
(bts) ? (bts)->bsic : 0
#define LOG_FMT_FROM_LCHAN "%u-%u-%u-%s-%u-%s"
#define LOG_ARGS_FROM_LCHAN(lchan) \
lchan ? lchan->ts->trx->bts->nr : 0, \
lchan ? lchan->ts->trx->nr : 0, \
lchan ? lchan->ts->nr : 0, \
lchan ? gsm_lchant_name(lchan->type) : "?", \
lchan ? lchan->nr : 0, \
lchan ? gsm48_chan_mode_name(lchan->current_ch_mode_rate.chan_mode) : "?"
#define LOG_FMT_TO_LCHAN "%u-%u-%u-%s%s%s-%u"
#define LOG_ARGS_TO_LCHAN(lchan) \
lchan ? lchan->ts->trx->bts->nr : 0, \
lchan ? lchan->ts->trx->nr : 0, \
lchan ? lchan->ts->nr : 0, \
lchan ? gsm_pchan_name(lchan->ts->pchan_on_init) : "?", \
(!lchan || lchan->ts->pchan_on_init == lchan->ts->pchan_is)? "" : ":", \
(!lchan || lchan->ts->pchan_on_init == lchan->ts->pchan_is)? "" \
: gsm_pchan_name(lchan->ts->pchan_is), \
lchan ? lchan->nr : 0
#define LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE "(subscr %s) %s"
#define LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn) \
bsc_subscr_name(conn->bsub), \
handover_scope_name(conn->ho.scope)
/* Assume presence of local var 'conn' as struct gsm_subscriber_connection.
* This is a macro to preserve the source file and line number in logging. */
#define ho_count_bsc(counter) do { \
/* If a handover target could not be found, the counter index may be -1. */ \
if (counter < 0) \
break; \
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "(BSC) incrementing rate counter: %s %s\n", \
bsc_ctr_description[counter].name, \
bsc_ctr_description[counter].description); \
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(conn->network->bsc_ctrs, counter)); \
} while (0)
/* Assume presence of local var 'conn' as struct gsm_subscriber_connection.
* Handles bts == NULL gracefully
* This is a macro to preserve the source file and line number in logging. */
#define ho_count_bts(bts, counter) do { \
/* If a handover target could not be found, the counter index may be -1. */ \
if (counter < 0) \
break; \
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "(BTS) incrementing rate counter: %s %s\n", \
bts_ctr_description[counter].name, \
bts_ctr_description[counter].description); \
if (bts) \
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(bts->bts_ctrs, counter)); \
else \
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(conn->network->bts_unknown_ctrs, counter)); \
} while (0)
/* Count handover result on both bts and bsc level.
* Call with 'counter' being the counter name without the "BSC_"/"BTS_" part,
* e.g. ho_count(conn_get_bts(conn), CTR_HANDOVER_ATTEMPTED); */
#define ho_count(bts, counter) do { \
ho_count_bsc(BSC_##counter); \
ho_count_bts(bts, BTS_##counter); \
} while (0)
static uint8_t g_next_ho_ref = 1;
const char *handover_status(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn)
{
static char buf[256];
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
if (!conn)
return "";
if (ho->scope & (HO_INTRA_CELL | HO_INTRA_BSC)) {
if (ho->new_lchan)
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"("LOG_FMT_FROM_LCHAN") --HO-> (" LOG_FMT_TO_LCHAN ") " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
LOG_ARGS_FROM_LCHAN(conn->lchan),
LOG_ARGS_TO_LCHAN(ho->new_lchan),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
else if (ho->new_bts)
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"("LOG_FMT_FROM_LCHAN") --HO-> ("LOG_FMT_BTS",%s) " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
LOG_ARGS_FROM_LCHAN(conn->lchan),
LOG_ARGS_BTS(ho->new_bts),
gsm_lchant_name(ho->new_lchan_type),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
else
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"("LOG_FMT_FROM_LCHAN") --HO->(?) " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
LOG_ARGS_FROM_LCHAN(conn->lchan),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
} else if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_OUT)
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"("LOG_FMT_FROM_LCHAN") --HO-> (%s) " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
LOG_ARGS_FROM_LCHAN(conn->lchan),
cell_ab_to_str_c(OTC_SELECT, &ho->target_cell_ab),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
else if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN) {
if (ho->new_lchan)
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"(remote:%s) --HO-> (local:%s|"LOG_FMT_TO_LCHAN") " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
ho->inter_bsc_in.cell_id_serving_name,
ho->inter_bsc_in.cell_id_target_name,
LOG_ARGS_TO_LCHAN(ho->new_lchan),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
else if (ho->new_bts)
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"(remote:%s) --HO-> (local:%s|"LOG_FMT_BTS",%s) " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
ho->inter_bsc_in.cell_id_serving_name,
ho->inter_bsc_in.cell_id_target_name,
LOG_ARGS_BTS(ho->new_bts),
gsm_lchant_name(ho->new_lchan_type),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
else
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf),
"(remote:%s) --HO-> (local:%s,%s) " LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE,
ho->inter_bsc_in.cell_id_serving_name,
ho->inter_bsc_in.cell_id_target_name,
gsm_lchant_name(ho->new_lchan_type),
LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
} else
snprintf(buf, sizeof(buf), LOG_FMT_HO_SCOPE, LOG_ARGS_HO_SCOPE(conn));
return buf;
}
static struct osmo_fsm ho_fsm;
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *ho_fi_conn(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi)
{
OSMO_ASSERT(fi);
OSMO_ASSERT(fi->fsm == &ho_fsm);
OSMO_ASSERT(fi->priv);
return fi->priv;
}
static const struct osmo_tdef_state_timeout ho_fsm_timeouts[32] = {
[HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE] = { .T = 23042 },
[HO_ST_WAIT_MGW_ENDPOINT_TO_MSC] = { .T = 23042 },
[HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT] = { .T = 23042 },
[HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_COMPLETE] = { .T = 23042 },
[HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED] = { .T = 23042 },
[HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_HO_COMMAND] = { .T = 7 },
[HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR] = { .T = 8 },
};
/* Transition to a state, using the T timer defined in ho_fsm_timeouts.
* The actual timeout value is in turn obtained from network->T_defs.
* Assumes local variable fi exists. */
#define ho_fsm_state_chg(state) \
osmo_tdef_fsm_inst_state_chg(fi, state, \
ho_fsm_timeouts, \
((struct gsm_subscriber_connection*)(fi->priv))->network->T_defs, \
5)
/* Log failure and transition to HO_ST_FAILURE, which triggers the appropriate actions. */
#define ho_fail(result, fmt, args...) do { \
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Handover failed in state %s, %s: " fmt "\n", \
osmo_fsm_inst_state_name(conn->fi), handover_result_name(result), ## args); \
handover_end(conn, result); \
} while (0)
#define ho_success() do { \
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "Handover succeeded\n"); \
handover_end(conn, HO_RESULT_OK); \
} while (0)
/* issue handover to a cell identified by ARFCN and BSIC */
int handover_request(struct handover_out_req *req)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn;
OSMO_ASSERT(req->old_lchan);
conn = req->old_lchan->conn;
OSMO_ASSERT(conn && conn->fi);
/* To make sure we're allowed to start a handover, go through a gscon event dispatch. If that is accepted, the
* same req is passed to handover_start(). */
return osmo_fsm_inst_dispatch(conn->fi, GSCON_EV_HANDOVER_START, req);
}
/* Check that ho has old_lchan and/or new_lchan and conn pointers match.
* If old_lchan and/or new_lchan are NULL, omit those checks.
* On error, return false, log an error and call handover_end() with HO_RESULT_ERROR. */
bool handover_is_sane(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn, struct gsm_lchan *old_lchan, struct gsm_lchan *new_lchan)
{
if (!conn->ho.fi) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "No handover ongoing\n");
return false;
}
if (old_lchan
&& (conn != old_lchan->conn || conn->lchan != old_lchan))
goto insane;
if (new_lchan
&& (conn != new_lchan->conn || conn->ho.new_lchan != new_lchan))
goto insane;
if (conn->lchan && conn->lchan == conn->ho.new_lchan)
goto insane;
return true;
insane:
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Handover state is corrupted\n");
handover_end(conn, HO_RESULT_ERROR);
return false;
}
static void ho_fsm_update_id(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, const char *label)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
if (conn->fi->id)
osmo_fsm_inst_update_id_f(fi, "%s_%s", label, conn->fi->id);
else
osmo_fsm_inst_update_id_f(fi, "%s_conn%u", label, conn->sccp.conn_id);
}
static void handover_reset(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn)
{
struct osmo_mgcpc_ep_ci *ci;
if (conn->ho.new_lchan)
/* New lchan was activated but never passed to a conn */
lchan_release(conn->ho.new_lchan, false, true, RSL_ERR_EQUIPMENT_FAIL,
NULL);
ci = conn->ho.created_ci_for_msc;
if (ci) {
gscon_forget_mgw_endpoint_ci(conn, ci);
/* If this is the last endpoint released, the mgw_endpoint_fsm will terminate and tell
* the gscon about it. */
osmo_mgcpc_ep_ci_dlcx(ci);
}
conn->ho = (struct handover){
.fi = conn->ho.fi,
};
}
void handover_fsm_init()
{
OSMO_ASSERT(osmo_fsm_register(&ho_fsm) == 0);
}
void handover_fsm_alloc(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn)
{
OSMO_ASSERT(conn->fi);
OSMO_ASSERT(!conn->ho.fi);
conn->ho.fi = osmo_fsm_inst_alloc_child(&ho_fsm, conn->fi, GSCON_EV_HANDOVER_END);
OSMO_ASSERT(conn->ho.fi);
conn->ho.fi->priv = conn;
}
static void handover_start_intra_bsc(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn);
static void handover_start_inter_bsc_out(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn,
const struct gsm0808_cell_id_list2 *target_cells);
/* Invoked by gscon if a handover was accepted to start now. */
void handover_start(struct handover_out_req *req)
{
OSMO_ASSERT(req && req->old_lchan && req->old_lchan->conn);
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = req->old_lchan->conn;
const struct cell_ab *search_for = &req->target_cell_ab;
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct gsm_bts *local_target_cell = NULL;
struct gsm0808_cell_id_list2 remote_target_cells = {};
if (conn->ho.fi) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Handover requested while another handover is ongoing; Ignore\n");
return;
}
handover_reset(conn);
/* When handover_start() is invoked by the gscon, it expects a HANDOVER_END event. The best way to ensure this
* is to always create a handover_fsm instance, even if the target cell is not resolved yet. Any failure should
* then call handover_end(), which ensures that the conn snaps back to a valid state. */
handover_fsm_alloc(conn);
ho_count(conn_get_bts(conn), CTR_HANDOVER_ATTEMPTED);
ho->from_hodec_id = req->from_hodec_id;
ho->new_lchan_type = req->new_lchan_type == GSM_LCHAN_NONE ?
req->old_lchan->type : req->new_lchan_type;
ho->target_cell_ab = req->target_cell_ab;
if (find_handover_target_cell(&local_target_cell, &remote_target_cells,
conn, search_for, true)) {
handover_end(conn, HO_RESULT_ERROR);
return;
}
if (local_target_cell) {
ho->new_bts = local_target_cell;
handover_start_intra_bsc(conn);
return;
}
if (remote_target_cells.id_list_len) {
handover_start_inter_bsc_out(conn, &remote_target_cells);
return;
}
/* should never reach this, because find_handover_target_cell() would have returned error. */
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
/*! Hand over the specified logical channel to the specified new BTS and possibly change the lchan type.
* This is the main entry point for the actual handover algorithm, after the decision whether to initiate
* HO to a specific BTS. To not change the lchan type, pass old_lchan->type. */
static void handover_start_intra_bsc(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn)
{
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi = conn->ho.fi;
struct lchan_activate_info info;
struct gsm_bts *bts = conn_get_bts(conn);
OSMO_ASSERT(ho->new_bts);
OSMO_ASSERT(ho->new_lchan_type != GSM_LCHAN_NONE);
OSMO_ASSERT(!ho->new_lchan);
ho->scope = (ho->new_bts == bts) ? HO_INTRA_CELL : HO_INTRA_BSC;
ho->ho_ref = g_next_ho_ref++;
ho->async = true;
gsm_bts_cell_id_list(&ho->target_cell_ids, ho->new_bts);
ho->new_lchan = lchan_select_by_type(ho->new_bts,
ho->new_lchan_type,
SELECT_FOR_HANDOVER,
NULL);
if (ho->scope & HO_INTRA_CELL) {
ho_count(bts, CTR_INTRA_CELL_HO_ATTEMPTED);
ho_fsm_update_id(fi, "intraCell");
} else {
ho_count(bts, CTR_INTRA_BSC_HO_ATTEMPTED);
ho_fsm_update_id(fi, "intraBSC");
ho_count_bts(ho->new_bts, BTS_CTR_INCOMING_INTRA_BSC_HO_ATTEMPTED);
}
if (!ho->new_lchan) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_FAIL_NO_CHANNEL,
"No %s lchan available on BTS %u",
gsm_lchant_name(ho->new_lchan_type), ho->new_bts->nr);
return;
}
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "Selected lchan %s\n", gsm_lchan_name(ho->new_lchan));
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE);
info = (struct lchan_activate_info){
.activ_for = ACTIVATE_FOR_HANDOVER,
.for_conn = conn,
.ch_mode_rate = conn->lchan->current_ch_mode_rate,
.encr = conn->lchan->encr,
.requires_voice_stream = conn->lchan->mgw_endpoint_ci_bts ? true : false,
.msc_assigned_cic = conn->ho.inter_bsc_in.msc_assigned_cic,
.re_use_mgw_endpoint_from_lchan = conn->lchan,
.wait_before_switching_rtp = true,
};
info.ch_mode_rate.chan_rate = chan_t_to_chan_rate(ho->new_lchan->type);
/* For intra-cell handover, we know the accurate Timing Advance from the previous lchan. For inter-cell
* handover, no Timing Advance for the new cell is known, so leave it unset. */
if (ho->new_bts == bts) {
info.ta = conn->lchan->last_ta;
info.ta_known = true;
}
lchan_activate(ho->new_lchan, &info);
}
/* 3GPP TS 48.008 § 3.2.2.58 Old BSS to New BSS Information */
static void parse_old2new_bss_info(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn,
const uint8_t* data, uint16_t len,
struct handover_in_req *req)
{
/* § 3.2.2.58: Information contained here shall take precedence over
duplicate information from Information Elements in the HANDOVER
REQUEST as long as the coding is understood by the new BSS */
/* § 3.2.2.58: <<Reception of an erroneous "Old BSS to New BSS
information" shall not cause a rejection of the HANDOVER REQUEST
message; the "Old BSS to New BSS information" information element
shall be discarded and the handover resource allocation procedure
shall continue>>. See also 3.1.19.7. */
struct tlv_parsed tp;
if (tlv_parse(&tp, &gsm0808_old_bss_to_new_bss_info_att_tlvdef, data, len, 0, 0) <= 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_NOTICE, "Failed to parse IE \"Old BSS to New BSS information\"\n");
return;
}
if (TLVP_VAL(&tp, GSM0808_FE_IE_LAST_USED_EUTRAN_PLMN_ID)) {
req->last_eutran_plmn_valid = true;
osmo_plmn_from_bcd(TLVP_VAL(&tp, GSM0808_FE_IE_LAST_USED_EUTRAN_PLMN_ID),
&req->last_eutran_plmn);
}
}
/* 3GPP TS 48.008 § 3.2.1.8 Handover Request */
static bool parse_ho_request(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn, const struct msgb *msg,
struct handover_in_req *req)
{
struct tlv_parsed tp_arr[2];
struct tlv_parsed *tp = &tp_arr[0];
struct tlv_parsed *tp2 = &tp_arr[1];
struct tlv_p_entry *e;
int payload_length;
bool aoip = gscon_is_aoip(conn);
bool sccplite = gscon_is_sccplite(conn);
bool has_a54 = false;
if ((aoip && sccplite) || !(aoip || sccplite)) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Received BSSMAP Handover Request, but conn is not"
" marked as exactly one of AoIP or SCCPlite\n");
return false;
}
payload_length = msg->tail - msg->l4h;
if (tlv_parse2(tp_arr, 2, gsm0808_att_tlvdef(), msg->l4h + 1, payload_length - 1, 0, 0) <= 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to parse IEs\n");
return false;
}
if (!(e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_CHANNEL_TYPE))) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Missing Channel Type IE\n");
return false;
}
if (gsm0808_dec_channel_type(&req->ct, e->val, e->len) <= 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to parse Channel Type IE\n");
return false;
}
if (!(e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_ENCRYPTION_INFORMATION))) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Missing Encryption Information IE\n");
return false;
}
if (gsm0808_dec_encrypt_info(&req->ei, e->val, e->len) <= 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to parse Encryption Information IE\n");
return false;
}
req->ei_as_bitmask = *e->val;
if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_KC_128))) {
if (e->len != 16) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Invalid length in Kc128 IE: %u bytes (expected 16)\n", e->len);
return false;
}
memcpy(req->kc128, e->val, 16);
req->kc128_present = true;
}
if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_CLASSMARK_INFORMATION_TYPE_1))) {
if (e->len != sizeof(req->classmark.classmark1)) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Classmark Information 1 has wrong size\n");
return false;
}
req->classmark.classmark1 = *(struct gsm48_classmark1*)e->val;
req->classmark.classmark1_set = true;
} else if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_CLASSMARK_INFORMATION_T2))) {
uint8_t len = OSMO_MIN(sizeof(req->classmark.classmark2),
e->len);
if (!len) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Classmark Information 2 has zero size\n");
return false;
}
memcpy(&req->classmark.classmark2, e->val, len);
req->classmark.classmark2_len = len;
} else
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_INFO,
"Missing mandatory IE: 3GPP mandates either Classmark Information 1 or 2"
" in BSSMAP Handover Request, but neither are present. Will continue without.\n");
if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_CHOSEN_ENCR_ALG))) {
req->chosen_encr_alg = e->val[0];
if (req->chosen_encr_alg < 1 || req->chosen_encr_alg > 8)
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Chosen Encryption Algorithm (Serving) is invalid: %u\n",
req->chosen_encr_alg);
}
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "Handover Request encryption info: chosen=A5/%u key=%s kc128=%s\n",
(req->chosen_encr_alg ? : 1) - 1,
req->ei.key_len ? osmo_hexdump_nospc(req->ei.key, req->ei.key_len) : "none",
has_a54 ? osmo_hexdump_nospc(req->kc128, 16) : "none");
if (TLVP_PRESENT(tp, GSM0808_IE_AOIP_TRASP_ADDR)) {
int rc;
unsigned int u;
struct sockaddr_storage msc_rtp_sa;
if (!aoip) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR,
"BSSMAP Handover Request contains AoIP Transport Address,"
" but this is not an AoIP connection\n");
return false;
}
rc = gsm0808_dec_aoip_trasp_addr(&msc_rtp_sa,
TLVP_VAL(tp, GSM0808_IE_AOIP_TRASP_ADDR),
TLVP_LEN(tp, GSM0808_IE_AOIP_TRASP_ADDR));
if (rc < 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Unable to decode AoIP Transport Address.\n");
return false;
}
u = osmo_sockaddr_to_str_and_uint(req->msc_assigned_rtp_addr,
sizeof(req->msc_assigned_rtp_addr),
&req->msc_assigned_rtp_port,
(const struct sockaddr*)&msc_rtp_sa);
if (!u || u >= sizeof(req->msc_assigned_rtp_addr)) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "MSC's RTP address is too long\n");
return false;
}
} else if (aoip) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR,
"BSSMAP Handover Request lacks AoIP Transport Address on an AoIP connection\n");
return false;
}
/* The Cell Identifier (Serving) and Cell Identifier (Target) are both 3.2.2.17 and are
* identified by the same tag. So get one from tp and the other from tp2. */
if (!(e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_CELL_IDENTIFIER))) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Missing IE: Cell Identifier (Serving)\n");
return false;
}
if (gsm0808_dec_cell_id(&req->cell_id_serving, e->val, e->len) < 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Invalid IE: Cell Identifier (Serving)\n");
return false;
}
/* LOG_HO() also calls gsm0808_cell_id_name(), so to be able to use gsm0808_cell_id_name() in
* logging without getting mixed up with those static buffers, store the result. */
OSMO_STRLCPY_ARRAY(req->cell_id_serving_name, gsm0808_cell_id_name(&req->cell_id_serving));
if (!(e = TLVP_GET(tp2, GSM0808_IE_CELL_IDENTIFIER))) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Missing IE: Cell Identifier (Target)\n");
return false;
}
if (gsm0808_dec_cell_id(&req->cell_id_target, e->val, e->len) < 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Invalid IE: Cell Identifier (Target)\n");
return false;
}
OSMO_STRLCPY_ARRAY(req->cell_id_target_name, gsm0808_cell_id_name(&req->cell_id_target));
if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_CIRCUIT_IDENTITY_CODE))) {
/* CIC is permitted in both AoIP and SCCPlite */
req->msc_assigned_cic = osmo_load16be(e->val);
} else if (sccplite) {
/* no CIC but SCCPlite: illegal */
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "SCCPlite MSC, but no CIC in incoming inter-BSC Handover\n");
return false;
}
if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_OLD_BSS_TO_NEW_BSS_INFORMATION))) {
parse_old2new_bss_info(conn, e->val, e->len, req);
}
/* Decode "Codec List (MSC Preferred)". First set len = 0 to empty the list. (For inter-BSC incoming handover,
* there can't possibly be a list here already, because the conn has just now been created; just do ensure
* sanity.) */
conn->codec_list = (struct gsm0808_speech_codec_list){};
if ((e = TLVP_GET(tp, GSM0808_IE_SPEECH_CODEC_LIST))) {
if (gsm0808_dec_speech_codec_list(&conn->codec_list, e->val, e->len) < 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "incoming inter-BSC Handover: HO Request:"
" Unable to decode Codec List (MSC Preferred)\n");
return false;
}
}
if (aoip && !conn->codec_list.len) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "incoming inter-BSC Handover: HO Request:"
" Invalid or empty Codec List (MSC Preferred)\n");
return false;
}
/* A lot of IEs remain ignored... */
return true;
}
static bool chan_mode_is_tch(enum gsm48_chan_mode mode)
{
switch (gsm48_chan_mode_to_non_vamos(mode)) {
case GSM48_CMODE_SPEECH_V1:
case GSM48_CMODE_SPEECH_EFR:
case GSM48_CMODE_SPEECH_AMR:
return true;
default:
return false;
}
}
void handover_start_inter_bsc_in(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn,
struct msgb *ho_request_msg)
{
struct lchan_activate_info info;
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct bsc_msc_data *msc = conn->sccp.msc;
struct handover_in_req *req = &ho->inter_bsc_in;
int match_idx;
struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi;
struct channel_mode_and_rate ch_mode_rate = {};
int chosen_a5_n;
handover_fsm_alloc(conn);
*ho = (struct handover){
.fi = ho->fi,
.from_hodec_id = HODEC_REMOTE,
.scope = HO_INTER_BSC_IN,
.ho_ref = g_next_ho_ref++,
.async = true,
};
fi = ho->fi;
ho_fsm_update_id(fi, "interBSCin");
if (!parse_ho_request(conn, ho_request_msg, req)) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Invalid Handover Request message from MSC");
return;
}
/* Figure out which cell to handover to. */
for (match_idx = 0; ; match_idx++) {
struct gsm_bts *bts;
struct gsm_lchan *lchan;
bts = gsm_bts_by_cell_id(conn->network, &req->cell_id_target,
match_idx);
/* Did we iterate all matches? */
if (!bts)
break;
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "BTS %u matches cell id %s\n",
bts->nr, req->cell_id_target_name);
/* Figure out channel type */
if (match_codec_pref(&ch_mode_rate, &req->ct, &req->scl, msc, bts, RATE_PREF_NONE)) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG,
"BTS %u has no matching channel codec (%s, speech codec list len = %u)\n",
bts->nr, gsm0808_channel_type_name(&req->ct), req->scl.len);
continue;
}
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "BTS %u: Found matching audio type: %s %s (for %s)\n",
bts->nr, gsm48_chan_mode_name(ch_mode_rate.chan_mode),
ch_mode_rate.chan_rate == CH_RATE_FULL ? "full-rate" : "half-rate",
gsm0808_channel_type_name(&req->ct));
lchan = lchan_select_by_chan_mode(bts,
ch_mode_rate.chan_mode,
ch_mode_rate.chan_rate,
SELECT_FOR_HANDOVER, NULL);
if (!lchan) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "BTS %u has no matching free channels\n", bts->nr);
continue;
}
/* Found a match. */
ho->new_bts = bts;
ho->new_lchan = lchan;
break;
}
ho_count(ho->new_bts, CTR_HANDOVER_ATTEMPTED);
ho_count(ho->new_bts, CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_IN_ATTEMPTED);
if (!ho->new_bts) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "No local cell matches the target %s",
req->cell_id_target_name);
return;
}
if (!ho->new_lchan) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "No free/matching lchan found for %s %s (speech codec list len = %u)",
req->cell_id_target_name, gsm0808_channel_type_name(&req->ct), req->scl.len);
return;
}
/* Just for completeness' sake, maybe some logging uses it? */
ho->new_lchan_type = ho->new_lchan->type;
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE);
info = (struct lchan_activate_info){
.activ_for = ACTIVATE_FOR_HANDOVER,
.for_conn = conn,
.ch_mode_rate = ch_mode_rate,
.requires_voice_stream = chan_mode_is_tch(ch_mode_rate.chan_mode),
.msc_assigned_cic = req->msc_assigned_cic,
};
/* Figure out the encryption algorithm */
chosen_a5_n = select_best_cipher(req->ei_as_bitmask, bsc_gsmnet->a5_encryption_mask);
if (chosen_a5_n < 0) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL,
"There is no A5 encryption mode that both BSC and MSC permit: MSC 0x%x & BSC 0x%x = 0",
req->ei_as_bitmask, bsc_gsmnet->a5_encryption_mask);
return;
}
if (chosen_a5_n > 0 && !req->ei.key_len) {
/* There is no key. Is A5/0 permitted? */
if ((req->ei_as_bitmask & bsc_gsmnet->a5_encryption_mask & 0x1) == 0x1) {
chosen_a5_n = 0;
} else {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Encryption is required, but there is no key (Encryption Information)");
return;
}
}
/* Put encryption info in the chan activation info */
info.encr.alg_a5_n = chosen_a5_n;
if (chosen_a5_n > 0) {
if (req->ei.key_len > sizeof(info.encr.key)) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Encryption Information IE key length is too large: %u",
req->ei.key_len);
return;
}
memcpy(info.encr.key, req->ei.key, req->ei.key_len);
info.encr.key_len = req->ei.key_len;
}
if (req->kc128_present) {
memcpy(info.encr.kc128, req->kc128, 16);
info.encr.kc128_present = true;
}
if (req->last_eutran_plmn_valid) {
conn->fast_return.allowed = ho->new_bts->srvcc_fast_return_allowed;
conn->fast_return.last_eutran_plmn_valid = true;
memcpy(&conn->fast_return.last_eutran_plmn, &req->last_eutran_plmn,
sizeof(conn->fast_return.last_eutran_plmn));
ho_count(ho->new_bts, CTR_SRVCC_ATTEMPTED);
}
lchan_activate(ho->new_lchan, &info);
}
/* Create functions result_counter_{BSC,BTS}_{HANDOVER,...}(), to evaluate the handover result and return
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_ATTEMPTED,
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_COMPLETED,
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_STOPPED,
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_NO_CHANNEL,
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_TIMEOUT,
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_FAILED,
* BSC_CTR_HANDOVER_ERROR,
* or
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_ATTEMPTED,
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_COMPLETED,
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_STOPPED,
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_NO_CHANNEL,
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_TIMEOUT,
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_FAILED,
* BTS_CTR_HANDOVER_ERROR,
*/
#define FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(obj, name) \
static int result_counter_##obj##_##name(enum handover_result result) \
{ \
switch (result) { \
case HO_RESULT_OK: \
return obj##_CTR_##name##_COMPLETED; \
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_NO_CHANNEL: \
return obj##_CTR_##name##_NO_CHANNEL; \
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL: \
return obj##_CTR_##name##_FAILED; \
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_TIMEOUT: \
return obj##_CTR_##name##_TIMEOUT; \
case HO_RESULT_CONN_RELEASE: \
return obj##_CTR_##name##_STOPPED; \
default: \
case HO_RESULT_ERROR: \
return obj##_CTR_##name##_ERROR; \
} \
}
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BSC, HANDOVER)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BSC, INTRA_CELL_HO)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BSC, INTRA_BSC_HO)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BSC, INTER_BSC_HO_IN)
/* INTRA_BSC_HO_OUT does not have a NO_CHANNEL result, so can't do this with FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER() macro. */
static int result_counter_BSC_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT(enum handover_result result) {
switch (result) {
case HO_RESULT_OK:
return BSC_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_COMPLETED;
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL:
return BSC_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_FAILED;
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_TIMEOUT:
return BSC_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_TIMEOUT;
case HO_RESULT_CONN_RELEASE:
return BSC_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_STOPPED;
default:
case HO_RESULT_ERROR:
return BSC_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_ERROR;
}
}
static int result_counter_bsc(enum handover_scope scope, enum handover_result result)
{
switch (scope) {
default:
return -1;
case HO_INTRA_CELL:
return result_counter_BSC_INTRA_CELL_HO(result);
case HO_INTRA_BSC:
return result_counter_BSC_INTRA_BSC_HO(result);
case HO_INTER_BSC_OUT:
return result_counter_BSC_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT(result);
case HO_INTER_BSC_IN:
return result_counter_BSC_INTER_BSC_HO_IN(result);
}
}
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BTS, HANDOVER)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BTS, INTRA_CELL_HO)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BTS, INTRA_BSC_HO)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BTS, INCOMING_INTRA_BSC_HO)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BTS, INTER_BSC_HO_IN)
/* INTRA_BSC_HO_OUT does not have a NO_CHANNEL result, so can't do this with FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER() macro. */
static int result_counter_BTS_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT(enum handover_result result) {
switch (result) {
case HO_RESULT_OK:
return BTS_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_COMPLETED;
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL:
return BTS_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_FAILED;
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_TIMEOUT:
return BTS_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_TIMEOUT;
case HO_RESULT_CONN_RELEASE:
return BTS_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_STOPPED;
default:
case HO_RESULT_ERROR:
return BTS_CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_ERROR;
}
}
static int result_counter_bts(enum handover_scope scope, enum handover_result result)
{
switch (scope) {
default:
return -1;
case HO_INTRA_CELL:
return result_counter_BTS_INTRA_CELL_HO(result);
case HO_INTRA_BSC:
return result_counter_BTS_INTRA_BSC_HO(result);
case HO_INTER_BSC_OUT:
return result_counter_BTS_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT(result);
case HO_INTER_BSC_IN:
return result_counter_BTS_INTER_BSC_HO_IN(result);
}
}
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BSC, SRVCC)
FUNC_RESULT_COUNTER(BTS, SRVCC)
static void send_handover_performed(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn)
{
struct gsm_lchan *lchan = conn->lchan;
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct osmo_cell_global_id *cell;
struct gsm0808_handover_performed ho_perf_params = {};
struct msgb *msg;
struct gsm0808_speech_codec sc;
int rc;
/* Cause 3.2.2.5 */
ho_perf_params.cause = GSM0808_CAUSE_HANDOVER_SUCCESSFUL;
/* Cell Identifier 3.2.2.17 */
cell = cgi_for_msc(conn->sccp.msc, conn_get_bts(conn));
if (!cell) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to generate Cell Identifier IE, can't send HANDOVER PERFORMED!\n");
return;
}
ho_perf_params.cell_id = (struct gsm0808_cell_id){
.id_discr = CELL_IDENT_WHOLE_GLOBAL,
.id.global = *cell
};
/* Chosen Channel 3.2.2.33 */
ho_perf_params.chosen_channel = gsm0808_chosen_channel(lchan->type, lchan->current_ch_mode_rate.chan_mode);
if (!ho_perf_params.chosen_channel) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to generate Chosen Channel IE, can't send HANDOVER PERFORMED!\n");
return;
}
ho_perf_params.chosen_channel_present = true;
/* Chosen Encryption Algorithm 3.2.2.44 */
ho_perf_params.chosen_encr_alg = ALG_A5_NR_TO_BSSAP(lchan->encr.alg_a5_n);
ho_perf_params.chosen_encr_alg_present = true;
if (ho->new_lchan->activate.info.requires_voice_stream) {
/* Speech Version (chosen) 3.2.2.51 */
ho_perf_params.speech_version_chosen = gsm0808_permitted_speech(lchan->type,
lchan->current_ch_mode_rate.chan_mode);
ho_perf_params.speech_version_chosen_present = true;
/* Speech Codec (chosen) 3.2.2.104 */
if (gscon_is_aoip(conn)) {
/* Extrapolate speech codec from speech mode */
gsm0808_speech_codec_from_chan_type(&sc, ho_perf_params.speech_version_chosen);
sc.cfg = conn->lchan->current_ch_mode_rate.s15_s0;
memcpy(&ho_perf_params.speech_codec_chosen, &sc, sizeof(sc));
ho_perf_params.speech_codec_chosen_present = true;
}
}
msg = gsm0808_create_handover_performed(&ho_perf_params);
if (!msg) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Failed to generate message, can't send HANDOVER PERFORMED!\n");
return;
}
rate_ctr_inc(rate_ctr_group_get_ctr(conn->sccp.msc->msc_ctrs, MSC_CTR_BSSMAP_TX_DT1_HANDOVER_PERFORMED));
rc = gscon_sigtran_send(conn, msg);
if (rc < 0) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "message sending failed, can't send HANDOVER PERFORMED!\n");
return;
}
}
/* Notify the handover decision algorithm of failure and clear out any handover state. */
void handover_end(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn, enum handover_result result)
{
struct handover_decision_callbacks *hdc;
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct gsm_bts *bts = conn_get_bts(conn);
/* Sanity -- an error result ensures beyond doubt that we don't use the new lchan below
* when the handover isn't actually allowed to change this conn. */
if (result == HO_RESULT_OK && ho->new_lchan) {
if (!(ho->scope & (HO_INTRA_CELL | HO_INTRA_BSC | HO_INTER_BSC_IN))) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Got new lchan, but this is not an incoming inter-BSC HO\n");
result = HO_RESULT_ERROR;
}
if (ho->new_lchan->conn != conn) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Got new lchan, but it is for another conn\n");
result = HO_RESULT_ERROR;
}
}
if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN) {
if (result == HO_RESULT_OK) {
if (!ho->new_lchan) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Inter-BSC HO IN ends in success,"
" but there is no lchan\n");
result = HO_RESULT_ERROR;
} else
result = bsc_tx_bssmap_ho_complete(conn, ho->new_lchan);
}
/* Not 'else': above checks may still result in HO_RESULT_ERROR. */
if (result != HO_RESULT_OK) {
/* Return a BSSMAP Handover Failure, as described in 3GPP TS 48.008 3.1.5.2.2
* "Handover Resource Allocation Failure" */
bsc_tx_bssmap_ho_failure(conn);
}
} else if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_OUT) {
switch (result) {
case HO_RESULT_OK:
break;
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL:
/* Return a BSSMAP Handover Failure, as described in 3GPP TS 48.008 3.1.5.3.2
* "Handover Failure" */
bsc_tx_bssmap_ho_failure(conn);
break;
default:
case HO_RESULT_FAIL_TIMEOUT:
switch (ho->fi->state) {
case HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_HO_COMMAND:
/* MSC never replied with a Handover Command. Fail and ignore the
* handover, continue to use the lchan. */
break;
default:
case HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR:
/* 3GPP TS 48.008 3.1.5.3.3 "Abnormal Conditions": if neither MS reports
* HO Failure nor the MSC sends a Clear Command, we should release the
* dedicated radio resources and send a Clear Request to the MSC. */
lchan_release(conn->lchan, true, true, GSM48_RR_CAUSE_ABNORMAL_TIMER,
gscon_last_eutran_plmn(conn));
/* Once the channel release is through, the BSSMAP Clear will follow. */
break;
}
break;
}
}
/* Rembered this only for error handling: should handover fail, handover_reset() will release the
* MGW endpoint right away. If successful, the conn continues to use the endpoint. */
if (result == HO_RESULT_OK)
conn->ho.created_ci_for_msc = NULL;
/* If the performed handover was an INTRA BSC HANDOVER, inform the MSC that a handover has happened */
if (result == HO_RESULT_OK && ((ho->scope & HO_INTRA_CELL) || (ho->scope & HO_INTRA_BSC)))
send_handover_performed(conn);
hdc = handover_decision_callbacks_get(ho->from_hodec_id);
if (hdc && hdc->on_handover_end)
hdc->on_handover_end(conn, result);
/* HO_INTER_BSC_IN has the source BTS on a remote BSS, so count all of those on the target BTS; also count
* errors onto the HO target BTS if no lchan was obtained. */
if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN)
bts = ho->new_bts;
ho_count_bsc(result_counter_BSC_HANDOVER(result));
ho_count_bsc(result_counter_bsc(ho->scope, result));
ho_count_bts(bts, result_counter_BTS_HANDOVER(result));
ho_count_bts(bts, result_counter_bts(ho->scope, result));
/* For inter-cell HO, also increment the "INCOMING" counters on the target BTS. */
if (ho->scope & HO_INTRA_BSC)
ho_count_bts(ho->new_bts, result_counter_BTS_INCOMING_INTRA_BSC_HO(result));
if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN && conn->fast_return.last_eutran_plmn_valid) {
/* From outside local BSC and with Last EUTRAN PLMN Id => SRVCC */
ho_count_bsc(result_counter_BSC_SRVCC(result));
ho_count_bts(bts, result_counter_BTS_SRVCC(result));
}
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_INFO, "Result: %s\n", handover_result_name(result));
if (ho->new_lchan && result == HO_RESULT_OK) {
struct gsm_bts *bts;
gscon_change_primary_lchan(conn, conn->ho.new_lchan);
ho->new_lchan = NULL;
bts = conn_get_bts(conn);
if (is_siemens_bts(bts) && ts_is_tch(conn->lchan->ts)) {
/* HACK: store the actual Classmark 2 LV from the subscriber and use it here! */
uint8_t cm2_lv[] = { 0x02, 0x00, 0x00 };
send_siemens_mrpci(conn->lchan, cm2_lv);
}
/* If a Perform Location Request (LCS) is busy, inform the SMLC that there is a new lchan */
if (conn->lcs.loc_req)
osmo_fsm_inst_dispatch(conn->lcs.loc_req->fi, LCS_LOC_REQ_EV_HANDOVER_PERFORMED, NULL);
}
osmo_fsm_inst_dispatch(conn->fi, GSCON_EV_HANDOVER_END, &result);
/* Detach the new_lchan last, so we can still see it in above logging */
if (ho->new_lchan) {
/* Release new lchan, it didn't work out */
lchan_release(ho->new_lchan, false, true, RSL_ERR_EQUIPMENT_FAIL, NULL);
ho->new_lchan = NULL;
}
if ((ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN) && result == HO_RESULT_OK) {
conn->user_plane.msc_assigned_cic = conn->ho.inter_bsc_in.msc_assigned_cic;
osmo_strlcpy(conn->user_plane.msc_assigned_rtp_addr,
conn->ho.inter_bsc_in.msc_assigned_rtp_addr,
sizeof(conn->user_plane.msc_assigned_rtp_addr));
conn->user_plane.msc_assigned_rtp_port = conn->ho.inter_bsc_in.msc_assigned_rtp_port;
}
handover_reset(conn);
/* We've dispatched the handover result above, let's disconnect to not fire the same event again.
* The parent term event is a safety measure for unplanned termination. */
osmo_fsm_inst_unlink_parent(conn->ho.fi, conn);
osmo_fsm_inst_term(conn->ho.fi, OSMO_FSM_TERM_REGULAR, 0);
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_lchan_active(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
switch (event) {
case HO_EV_LCHAN_ACTIVE:
/* - If the lchan is voiceless, no need to even think about the MGW.
* - If this is an intra-BSC Handover, we already have an RTP stream towards the MSC and aren't
* touching it.
* - If we're on SCCPlite, the MSC manages the MGW endpoint, all we do is the BTS side CI, so we can
* skip the part that would CRCX towards the MSC.
* So create an MSC side endpoint CI only if a voice lchan is established for an incoming inter-BSC
* handover on AoIP. Otherwise go on to send a Handover Command and wait for the Detect.
*/
if (ho->new_lchan->activate.info.requires_voice_stream
&& (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN)
&& gscon_is_aoip(conn))
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_MGW_ENDPOINT_TO_MSC);
else
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT);
return;
case HO_EV_LCHAN_ERROR:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "error while activating lchan %s",
gsm_lchan_name(conn->ho.new_lchan));
return;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
/* Only for voice, only for inter-BSC Handover into this BSC, and only for AoIP:
*
* Establish the MGW endpoint CI that points towards the MSC. This needs to happen after the lchan (lchan_rtp_fsm) has
* created an MGW endpoint with the first CRCX, so that an endpoint is available, and before sending the Handover
* Request Acknowledge, so that the RTP address and port established towards the MSC can be included in the Handover
* Request Acknowledge message.
* (For SCCPlite, the MSC manages the CN side endpoint CI itself, and we don't need to send any RTP address in the
* Handover Request Acknowledge.)
*
* Actually, it should be possible to kick this off even above in handover_start_inter_bsc_in(), to do the CRCX towards
* the MSC at the same time as establishing the lchan. The gscon_ensure_mgw_endpoint() doesn't care which one of
* lchan_rtp_fsm or handover_start_inter_bsc_in() calls it first. The benefit would be that we'd send out the Handover
* Command ever so slightly sooner -- which isn't critical really, because a) how long does a CRCX take, milliseconds?
* and b) the time critical part is *after* the Handover Command was kicked off to keep the transition between cells as
* short as possible. The drawback of doing this earlier is code complexity: receiving the HO_EV_MSC_MGW_OK /
* HO_EV_MSC_MGW_FAIL events would need to be juggled in between the HO_EV_LCHAN_ACTIVE / HO_EV_LCHAN_ERROR. So the
* decision for now is to leave it here.
*/
static void ho_fsm_wait_mgw_endpoint_to_msc_onenter(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t prev_state)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
if (!gscon_connect_mgw_to_msc(conn,
ho->new_lchan,
ho->inter_bsc_in.msc_assigned_rtp_addr,
ho->inter_bsc_in.msc_assigned_rtp_port,
fi,
HO_EV_MSC_MGW_OK,
HO_EV_MSC_MGW_FAIL,
NULL,
&ho->created_ci_for_msc)) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Unable to connect MGW endpoint to the MSC side");
}
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_mgw_endpoint_to_msc(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
const struct mgcp_conn_peer *mgw_info;
switch (event) {
case HO_EV_MSC_MGW_OK:
/* Ensure the endpoint is really there, and log it. This state is only entered for AoIP connections, see
* ho_fsm_wait_lchan_active() above. */
mgw_info = osmo_mgcpc_ep_ci_get_rtp_info(conn->user_plane.mgw_endpoint_ci_msc);
if (!mgw_info) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Unable to retrieve RTP port info allocated by MGW for"
" the MSC side.");
return;
}
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "MGW's MSC side CI: %s:%u\n",
mgw_info->addr, mgw_info->port);
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT);
return;
case HO_EV_MSC_MGW_FAIL:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Unable to connect MGW endpoint to the MSC side");
return;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_rr_ho_detect_onenter(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t prev_state)
{
int rc;
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct msgb *rr_ho_cmd = gsm48_make_ho_cmd(ho->new_lchan,
ho->scope, ho->async,
ho->new_lchan->ms_power,
ho->ho_ref);
if (!rr_ho_cmd) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Unable to compose RR Handover Command");
return;
}
if (ho->scope & (HO_INTRA_CELL | HO_INTRA_BSC)) {
/* conn->lchan is the old lchan being handovered from */
rr_ho_cmd->lchan = conn->lchan;
rc = gsm48_sendmsg(rr_ho_cmd);
if (rc)
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Unable to Tx RR Handover Command (rc=%d %s)",
rc, strerror(-rc));
return;
}
if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN) {
rc = bsc_tx_bssmap_ho_request_ack(conn, rr_ho_cmd);
if (rc)
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Unable to Tx BSSMAP Handover Request Ack (rc=%d %s)",
rc, strerror(-rc));
return;
}
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Invalid situation, no target for RR Handover Command");
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_rr_ho_detect(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
switch (event) {
case HO_EV_RR_HO_DETECT:
{
struct handover_rr_detect_data *d = data;
OSMO_ASSERT(d);
if (d->access_delay) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "RR Handover Detect (Access Delay=%u)\n",
*(d->access_delay));
} else
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "RR Handover Detect (no Access Delay IE)\n");
}
if (ho->scope & HO_INTER_BSC_IN) {
int rc = bsc_tx_bssmap_ho_detect(conn);
if (rc) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Unable to send BSSMAP Handover Detect");
return;
}
}
if (ho->new_lchan->fi_rtp)
osmo_fsm_inst_dispatch(ho->new_lchan->fi_rtp,
LCHAN_RTP_EV_READY_TO_SWITCH_RTP, 0);
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_COMPLETE);
/* The lchan FSM will already start to redirect the RTP stream */
return;
case HO_EV_RR_HO_COMPLETE:
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR,
"Received RR Handover Complete, but haven't even seen a Handover Detect yet;"
" Accepting handover anyway\n");
if (ho->new_lchan->fi_rtp)
osmo_fsm_inst_dispatch(ho->new_lchan->fi_rtp,
LCHAN_RTP_EV_READY_TO_SWITCH_RTP, 0);
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED);
return;
case HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL, "Received RR Handover Fail message");
return;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_rr_ho_complete(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
switch (event) {
case HO_EV_RR_HO_DETECT:
/* Numerous HO Detect RACH bursts may follow after the initial one, ignore. */
return;
case HO_EV_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED:
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "lchan established, still waiting for RR Handover Complete\n");
/* The lchan is already done with all of its RTP setup. We will notice the lchan state
* being LCHAN_ST_ESTABLISHED in ho_fsm_wait_lchan_established_onenter(). */
return;
case HO_EV_RR_HO_COMPLETE:
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED);
return;
case HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL, "Received RR Handover Fail message");
return;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_lchan_established_onenter(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t prev_state)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
if (conn->ho.fi && lchan_state_is(conn->ho.new_lchan, LCHAN_ST_ESTABLISHED)) {
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "lchan already established earlier\n");
ho_success();
}
}
static void ho_fsm_wait_lchan_established(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
switch (event) {
case HO_EV_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED:
ho_success();
break;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
/* Inter-BSC OUT */
static void handover_start_inter_bsc_out(struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn,
const struct gsm0808_cell_id_list2 *target_cells)
{
int rc;
struct handover *ho = &conn->ho;
struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi = conn->ho.fi;
struct gsm_bts *bts = conn_get_bts(conn);
ho->scope = HO_INTER_BSC_OUT;
ho_fsm_update_id(fi, "interBSCout");
ho_count(bts, CTR_INTER_BSC_HO_OUT_ATTEMPTED);
rc = bsc_tx_bssmap_ho_required(conn->lchan, target_cells);
if (rc) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Unable to send BSSMAP Handover Required message");
return;
}
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_HO_COMMAND);
}
static void ho_out_fsm_wait_ho_command(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
int rc;
struct ho_out_rx_bssmap_ho_command *rx;
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
switch (event) {
case HO_OUT_EV_BSSMAP_HO_COMMAND:
rx = data;
if (!rx) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Rx BSSMAP Handover Command: no L3 info passed with event");
return;
}
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_DEBUG, "Rx BSSMAP Handover Command: forwarding Layer 3 Info: %s\n",
osmo_hexdump(rx->l3_info, rx->l3_info_len));
rc = rsl_forward_layer3_info(conn->lchan, rx->l3_info, rx->l3_info_len);
if (rc) {
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR,
"Rx BSSMAP Handover Command: Failed to forward Layer 3 Info (rc=%d %s)",
rc, strerror(-rc));
return;
}
ho_fsm_state_chg(HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR);
return;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
static void ho_out_fsm_wait_clear(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
switch (event) {
/* See also ho_fsm_allstate_action() for ho_success() on HO_EV_CONN_RELEASING */
case HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_FAIL_RR_HO_FAIL, "Received RR Handover Failure message");
return;
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
#define S(x) (1 << (x))
static const struct osmo_fsm_state ho_fsm_states[] = {
[HO_ST_NOT_STARTED] = {
.name = "NOT_STARTED",
.out_state_mask = 0
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE)
| S(HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_HO_COMMAND)
,
},
[HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE] = {
.name = "WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE",
.action = ho_fsm_wait_lchan_active,
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_LCHAN_ACTIVE)
| S(HO_EV_LCHAN_ERROR)
,
.out_state_mask = 0
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ACTIVE)
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_MGW_ENDPOINT_TO_MSC)
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT)
,
},
[HO_ST_WAIT_MGW_ENDPOINT_TO_MSC] = {
.name = "WAIT_MGW_ENDPOINT_TO_MSC",
.onenter = ho_fsm_wait_mgw_endpoint_to_msc_onenter,
.action = ho_fsm_wait_mgw_endpoint_to_msc,
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_MSC_MGW_OK)
| S(HO_EV_MSC_MGW_FAIL)
,
.out_state_mask = 0
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT)
,
},
[HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT] = {
.name = "WAIT_RR_HO_DETECT",
.onenter = ho_fsm_wait_rr_ho_detect_onenter,
.action = ho_fsm_wait_rr_ho_detect,
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_DETECT)
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_COMPLETE) /* actually as error */
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL)
,
.out_state_mask = 0
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_COMPLETE)
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED)
,
},
[HO_ST_WAIT_RR_HO_COMPLETE] = {
.name = "WAIT_RR_HO_COMPLETE",
.action = ho_fsm_wait_rr_ho_complete,
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_DETECT) /* ignore extra HO RACH */
| S(HO_EV_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED)
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_COMPLETE)
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL)
,
.out_state_mask = 0
| S(HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED)
,
},
[HO_ST_WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED] = {
.name = "WAIT_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED",
.onenter = ho_fsm_wait_lchan_established_onenter,
.action = ho_fsm_wait_lchan_established,
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED)
,
},
[HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_HO_COMMAND] = {
.name = "inter-BSC-OUT:WAIT_HO_COMMAND",
.action = ho_out_fsm_wait_ho_command,
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_OUT_EV_BSSMAP_HO_COMMAND)
,
.out_state_mask = 0
| S(HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR)
,
},
[HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR] = {
.name = "inter-BSC-OUT:WAIT_CLEAR",
.in_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL)
,
.action = ho_out_fsm_wait_clear,
},
};
static const struct value_string ho_fsm_event_names[] = {
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_LCHAN_ACTIVE),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_LCHAN_ESTABLISHED),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_LCHAN_ERROR),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_RR_HO_DETECT),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_RR_HO_COMPLETE),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_RR_HO_FAIL),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_MSC_MGW_OK),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_MSC_MGW_FAIL),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_EV_CONN_RELEASING),
OSMO_VALUE_STRING(HO_OUT_EV_BSSMAP_HO_COMMAND),
{}
};
void ho_fsm_allstate_action(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, uint32_t event, void *data)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
switch (event) {
case HO_EV_CONN_RELEASING:
switch (fi->state) {
case HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR:
ho_success();
return;
default:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_CONN_RELEASE,
"Connection releasing in the middle of handover");
return;
}
case HO_EV_LCHAN_ERROR:
switch (fi->state) {
case HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_HO_COMMAND:
case HO_OUT_ST_WAIT_CLEAR:
LOG_HO(conn, LOGL_ERROR, "Event not permitted: %s\n",
osmo_fsm_event_name(fi->fsm, event));
return;
default:
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_ERROR, "Error while establishing lchan %s",
gsm_lchan_name(data));
return;
}
default:
OSMO_ASSERT(false);
}
}
int ho_fsm_timer_cb(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
ho_fail(HO_RESULT_FAIL_TIMEOUT, "Timeout");
return 0;
}
void ho_fsm_cleanup(struct osmo_fsm_inst *fi, enum osmo_fsm_term_cause cause)
{
struct gsm_subscriber_connection *conn = ho_fi_conn(fi);
conn->ho.fi = NULL;
}
static struct osmo_fsm ho_fsm = {
.name = "handover",
.states = ho_fsm_states,
.num_states = ARRAY_SIZE(ho_fsm_states),
.log_subsys = DRSL,
.event_names = ho_fsm_event_names,
.allstate_action = ho_fsm_allstate_action,
.allstate_event_mask = 0
| S(HO_EV_CONN_RELEASING)
| S(HO_EV_LCHAN_ERROR)
,
.timer_cb = ho_fsm_timer_cb,
.cleanup = ho_fsm_cleanup,
};